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house Bill H.R. 3999

Should “Bump Stocks” and Devices That Increase a Semi-Automatic Rifle’s Rate of Fire be Banned?

Argument in favor

Bump stocks and other devices that alter a semi-automatic rifle’s rate of fire to mimic a machinegun should be banned, and this legislation achieves that in a way federal regulations can’t.

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10/13/2017
The danger of an automatic weapon (bump stocks can turn a semi-automatic weapon into an automatic weapon) is scary. We saw that happen in Las Vegas and now it is time to put an end to them. Though I am pleased to see this country start to regulate guns this must not be the end to gun regulation. As a concerned citizen I beg that you, the politicians of this of this country, who we, the American people have elected to represent and protect us.
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Dave's Opinion
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10/13/2017
The argument claiming “bad people will find a way to kill with or without automatic weapons” not only fails to provide a solution to the problem, it suggests we as a society should simply give up trying to safeguard ourselves and our loved ones if we, no matter how erroneously, believe taking action would not save lives. Along these lines of logic we should simply allow hardcore drugs like heroin and meth be sold legally and unregulated because “people who really want these drugs will get them anyway.” As ridiculous as both arguments sound, for some odd reason the gun lobby is still using this incredibly poor logic to advocate insanity and what’s worse is Americans see wisdom in it... How many more have to die all in the name of gun manufacturers profits? Wake up America. You’re being duped.
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J's Opinion
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10/13/2017
It seems ridiculous that this is even a question to be asked.
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Argument opposed

This legislation is vaguely worded and could be interpreted in a way that leads to numerous other rifle modifications being banned, not just bump stocks. Instead, the ATF should regulate the devices.

Greg's Opinion
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10/12/2017
This bill begins the slippery slope towards full gun confiscation. The terms of this bill are vague and open ended to the extent that at any time anything may be considered to be in violation and thus made illegal. If this bill becomes “law” it would violate the 2nd amendment, which is the first right to be taken before any other right is to be revoked. This isn’t a matter of gun owners vs non-gun owners, this challenges and threatens everything that gives Americans their freedoms.
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Burnell's Opinion
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10/13/2017
This does nothing to prevent mass killings. We can ban every gun and remove them from the country but these deranged people will still find ways to kill people (knives, homemade bombs, and vehicles). We need to address mental health and medications of these deranged killers.
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Andy's Opinion
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10/13/2017
This legislation is 1. Far too broad and encompasses much more than just bump stocks, effectively outlawing aftermarket parts that are common for hunters and competitive shooters 2. Is mostly unenforceable and 3. Is reactionary in a way to penalizes legal, law-abiding gun owners for the actions of one deranged individual.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security
    IntroducedOctober 10th, 2017

What is House Bill H.R. 3999?

This bill would ban the manufacture, possession, or transfer of any part or combination of parts (like a “bump stock”) that’s designed to increase the rate of fire of a semi-automatic rifle without converting it into a machine gun (aka an automatic-rifle). It would be punishable by a fine, imprisonment for less than five years or a combination of both, and the U.S. Sentencing Commission would ensure that sentencing enhancements are available if the device is used in a violent crime, drug trafficking, or was illegally brought into the country.

This legislation would take effect 90 days after its enactment.

Impact

Those who would buy devices that increase the rate of fire of a semi-automatic rifle; those who make or sell such devices; and law enforcement.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 3999

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthSponsoring Rep. Carlos Curbelo (R-FL) introduced this bill to ban “bump stocks” and similar devices:

“For the first time in decades, there is growing bipartisan consensus for sensible gun policy, a polarizing issue that has deeply divided Republicans and Democrats. This common-sense legislation will ban devices that blatantly circumvent already existing law without restricting Second Amendment rights. I’m proud to join Representative Moulton to lead our colleagues in this important first step to address gun violence in our country and show that Congress is capable of working constructively in a bipartisan way to make Americans safer.”

Lead cosponsor Rep. Seth Moulton (D-MA) added:

“I am proud to be leading on the only bipartisan effort to take action in the wake of this tragedy. We can always be doing more, but this bill is a crucial starting point. Congress needs to take a serious look, after every crisis, at whether a law consistent with the 2nd Amendment would have prevented it. It is time for Democrats and Republicans alike to find the courage to act. Keeping this conversation going, passing this legislation, and listening to the American people will allow us to will allow us to help make America safer so that we do not need to live in fear of weapons of war being used against our families and friends.”

Gun rights advocates such as the National Rifle Association have called for additional regulation on bump stocks, and others such Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) have said it’s “premature to be discussing legislative solutions” after the Las Vegas shooting.

Some lawmakers in Congress have expressed skepticism that legislation will resolve the issue. with Rep. Thomas Massie (R-KY) tweeted that “Republicans in Congress asking the ATF to create more (and stricter) gun laws from existing laws is a bad idea” and that a bump stock ban “is a red herring that would to bans of other firearms and accessories.”

A column in Reason suggested that other devices such as binary triggers that fire a round on both the trigger’s pull and its release, lighter triggers, and heavier recoil springs could also be covered by this legislation. It also suggested that lawmakers may consider amendments related to magazine sizes or reloading aids given the bill’s broad wording.

This legislation has the support of 32 cosponsors in the House, including 16 Democrats and 15 Republicans.


Of NoteA “bump stock” is a mechanism that allows a semi-automatic rifle to mimic the firing speed of an automatic rifle.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: WASR / Creative Commons)

Official Title

To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit the manufacture, possession, or transfer of any part or combination of parts that is designed and functions to increase the rate of fire of a semiautomatic rifle but does not convert the semiautomatic rifle into a machinegun, and for other purposes.

    The danger of an automatic weapon (bump stocks can turn a semi-automatic weapon into an automatic weapon) is scary. We saw that happen in Las Vegas and now it is time to put an end to them. Though I am pleased to see this country start to regulate guns this must not be the end to gun regulation. As a concerned citizen I beg that you, the politicians of this of this country, who we, the American people have elected to represent and protect us.
    Like (367)
    Follow
    Share
    This bill begins the slippery slope towards full gun confiscation. The terms of this bill are vague and open ended to the extent that at any time anything may be considered to be in violation and thus made illegal. If this bill becomes “law” it would violate the 2nd amendment, which is the first right to be taken before any other right is to be revoked. This isn’t a matter of gun owners vs non-gun owners, this challenges and threatens everything that gives Americans their freedoms.
    Like (314)
    Follow
    Share
    The argument claiming “bad people will find a way to kill with or without automatic weapons” not only fails to provide a solution to the problem, it suggests we as a society should simply give up trying to safeguard ourselves and our loved ones if we, no matter how erroneously, believe taking action would not save lives. Along these lines of logic we should simply allow hardcore drugs like heroin and meth be sold legally and unregulated because “people who really want these drugs will get them anyway.” As ridiculous as both arguments sound, for some odd reason the gun lobby is still using this incredibly poor logic to advocate insanity and what’s worse is Americans see wisdom in it... How many more have to die all in the name of gun manufacturers profits? Wake up America. You’re being duped.
    Like (202)
    Follow
    Share
    It seems ridiculous that this is even a question to be asked.
    Like (147)
    Follow
    Share
    This does nothing to prevent mass killings. We can ban every gun and remove them from the country but these deranged people will still find ways to kill people (knives, homemade bombs, and vehicles). We need to address mental health and medications of these deranged killers.
    Like (138)
    Follow
    Share
    There is no need for that much firepower for “self defense”
    Like (106)
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    This legislation is 1. Far too broad and encompasses much more than just bump stocks, effectively outlawing aftermarket parts that are common for hunters and competitive shooters 2. Is mostly unenforceable and 3. Is reactionary in a way to penalizes legal, law-abiding gun owners for the actions of one deranged individual.
    Like (86)
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    Someone’s “right” to purchase bump stocks is not greater than our right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
    Like (75)
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    This bill does nothing to make us safer all it does is start to take away our given rights as responsible gunowners and it’s just another way to chip away at the Second Amendment.
    Like (68)
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    The 2nd amendment isn’t about hunting-the citizen’s of this country are already disproportionately unarmed compared to the government; furthering that gap even more is to our detriment.
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    No good can come from this enhancement to firepower. Ban it.
    Like (56)
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    Bump Stocks have no place in a peaceful Democracy. Discontinue all manufacturing and ban all future sales as soon as possible.
    Like (50)
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    Creating laws to ban or regulate objects to solve humanity problems is not the right answer. Murder is already illegal and it did not stop anything from happening. Laws only stop honest and good people from committing a crime, evil people don’t care about laws.
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    I am appalled at the availability and ease of such devices. In this country where three bottles of NyQuil cannot be purchased for personal safety, it is disgusting that someone can purchase mass murder enablers with no limits. STOP colluding with lobbyists !
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    Yes, criminals are criminals and no matter what we do, they will try to get around it. It's near impossible to predict the effect this will have. It could potentially have a large effect on gun control —ending the need for further action. Or it could do nothing at all. But don't we owe it to the 58 deaths of Vegas and their families to take action? The 2nd Amendment gives Americans the right to bear arms, nowhere does it state is gives them the right to bear unregulated arms. Have some empathy, do something to change this, don't let the victims of Vegas die without reason.
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    This bill is nonsense. Shall not be infringed is pretty clear language, however, here is a fact about automatic weapons. They are highly inaccurate. I personally wouldn't buy one, but I don't think they should be illegal. And, yes. I've had years of training and experience in the military, as well as low enforcement on the civilian side.
    Like (22)
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    We need a law to stop the production, sale or importing of Bump Stocks. Enough is enough! We’re tired and angry seeing the young and old being mowed down in masses with automatic weapons.
    Like (20)
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    That's definitely not for hunting. Sure it's cool but also very deadly
    Like (17)
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    If you need faster fire for hunting or self defense you need to learn not to miss, only person who needs a bump stock is someone trying to kill larger quantities of people.
    Like (16)
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    You don’t need a bump stock to convert semi-automatic to full automatic. This is “feel good” bill for people who don’t know about rifles.
    Like (16)
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