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senate Bill S. 2987

The $708 Billion Plan for Defense Spending in FY2019

Argument in favor

Congress’s foremost constitutional duty to provide for the national defense. While this bipartisan bill is a compromise, it will strengthen the military at a time when global threats are increasing and funding is hard to come by.

RomanYoung's Opinion
···
08/28/2018
With written review, I find that the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act is effective and should pass both Chambers of Congress. This Act will better supply the US Armed Forces with beneficial assets to keep America stronger than ever. With the help of Trump's horrible diplomacy, this Act will be a contribution to the safety of our citizens and reward veterans who've served to protect us with no doubt to stop.
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Argument opposed

The U.S. shouldn’t be spending over $700 billion on national defense, an amount that far outpaces America’s most significant rivals, like Russia and China. A smaller military would free up funding for other priorities.

Cris 's Opinion
···
last Tuesday
This is too much money to be spending on defense as we have a strong defense already if not the strongest . As most people would like to feel safe we shouldn’t do this because we have many things that we should worry about when we have a good defense.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The house has not voted
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Armed Services
    IntroducedJune 5th, 2018

What is Senate Bill S. 2987?

This bill — John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for FY2019 — would authorize $707.7 billion in defense spending for fiscal year 2019. Of the total, $639.2 billion would go to the base Dept. of Defense (DOD) budget while $68.5 billion would be set aside for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO). An in-depth summary of how its various provisions affect troops, military families, equipment, and various aspects of U.S. defense policy can be found below.

Troop Strength & Pay

All servicemembers would receive a 2.6 percent pay raise while the size of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force would be increased as follows:

  • The Army’s end strength would increase by more than 2,000 soldiers to 485,741;

  • The Navy’s end strength would increase by more than 4,000 sailors to 331,900;

  • The Marine Corps end strength would increase by 100 marines to 186,100;

  • The Air Force end strength would increase by 620 airmen to 325,700.

Modernization, Procurement & Readiness

A total of $23.1 billion would be authorized for shipbuilding to fully fund new warships and accelerate funding for several future ships, including:

  • $7.4 billion for Virginia-class submarines;

  • $5.9 billion for Arleigh Burke-class destroyers;

  • $3.0 billion for Columbia-class submarines.

A total of $7.6 billion would be authorized to obtain 75 F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft, including:

  • $4.2 billion for 47 F-35A fighters for the Air Force;

  • $2.4 billion for 20 F-35B fighters for the Marine Corps;

  • $1 billion for eight F-35C fighters for the Navy.

Other notable authorizations would include:

  • Full funding of the administration’s request for Army helicopters, including $1.4 billion for 60 AH-64E Apaches, $1 billion for 50 UH-60M Blackhawks, and $124 million for 7 CH-47 Chinooks;

  • $1.53 billion to procure 135 Abrams tanks;

  • $205 million for Bradley Fighting Vehicles for the European Defense Initiative;

  • $144 million for the A-10 Wing Replacement Program;

  • $190 million to prototype the next generation combat vehicle.

  • $123 million to accelerate development of the Extended Range Cannon Artillery gun.

Additionally, this section would:

  • Fully authorize $9.9 billion for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) to develop advanced technology, protect forces in South Korea, and counter emerging threats.

  • Fully fund development of the new B-21 bomber.

  • Authorize the Coast Guard to acquire six polar-class heavy icebreakers.

Allies & Partners

This section of the bill would authorize funds for several initiatives with U.S. allies and partners, including:

  • $5.2 billion for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund;

  • $850 million to train and equip the Iraqi Security Forces to counter ISIS;

  • $500 million to fully fund the co-development and co-production of the Iron Dome, Arrow, and David’s Sling weapons systems with Israel;

  • $200 million to provide security assistance to Ukraine, including defensive lethal assistance.

Additionally, this section of the bill would:

  • Require the DOD to report on the feasibility and advisability of permanently stationing an Army brigade combat team in Poland.

  • Express the sense of the Senate that the U.S. should strengthen and enhance its major defense partnership with India.

  • Express the sense of the Senate that if Turkey purchases the S-400 air defense system from Russia, the president should impose sanctions against Turkey.

  • Require the DOD review the legal and policy frameworks associated with advise, assist, and accompany missions by U.S. military personnel outside of Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan.

National Security Provisions

China: This section of the bill would prohibit the DOD from procuring, obtaining, extending, or renewing a contract with an entity that uses telecommunications equipment or services produced by Chinese companies Huawei Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation.

It would also modernize and strengthen the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S. to guard against national security risks posed by certain foreign investments. Additionally, this section would:

  • Require a public report on the military and coercive activities of China in the South China Sea and encourages the DOD to require the public release of declassified aircraft-generated imagery illustrating Chinese activities of concern.

  • Modify the annual report on Chinese military and security developments to include efforts to influence media, cultural institutions, business, and policy communities in the U.S.

  • Limit DOD funds for Chinese language programs at universities that host a Confucius Institute.

  • Extend authority for the Maritime Security Initiative for an additional 5 years, include Bangladesh and Sri Lanka as recipients of assistance and training, and add India as a covered country eligible for payment of certain expenses.

  • Require the DOD to submit a 5-year plan for an Indo-Pacific Stability Initiative.

  • Authorize an additional $235 million to procure deployable air base systems in the U.S. Pacific Command area.

Russia: The National Command Authority would be authorized to direct U.S. Cyber Command to take appropriate and proportional action through cyberspace to disrupt, defeat, and deter systematic and ongoing attacks by Russia in cyberspace.

Additionally, this section of the bill would express that it’s U.S. policy to pursue an integrated approach to strengthening the defense of allies and partners in Europe to deter and, if necessary, defeat Russian aggression and consider steps to:

  • Enhance U.S. forward presence, combat capability, and capacity in Europe;

  • Maintain robust security assistance for allies and partners in Europe;

  • Promote reforms within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO);

  • Enhance multilateral security cooperation among U.S. partners and allies.

Research & Development

This section of the bill would authorize a $1.2 billion increase in DOD research and development activities beyond the president’s budget request — more than $600 million of which would be focused on high priority science, technology, and testing programs. The additional funding would go to the following areas:

  • $150 million for hypersonics;

  • $110 million for space constellation efforts (missile defense systems);

  • $50 million for rocket propulsion;

  • $40 million for directed energy;

  • $20 million for quantum information sciences.

The DOD would be required to partner with the commercial technology industry and academia to increase private investment in specific hardware with unique national security applications, and $150 million would be authorized for such efforts.

The Small Business Innovation Research program, which allows DOD to award contracts directly to small businesses in response to DOD research & development needs, would be permanently authorized.

Military Personnel & Organization Reform

The military officer personnel system would be reformed to decrease the importance of time-in-service as a factor for promotion and allow officers to serve longer in their current rank without being forced to retire.

Other provisions of this section would:

  • Change the title for the undersecretary of defense for personnel and readiness to the undersecretary of defense for personnel and chief human capital officer for the DOD.

  • Move readiness responsibility from the Office of the Secretary of Defense to the undersecretary for policy.

  • Expand a current position within the undersecretary of defense for policy office to be the new assistant secretary of defense for strategy, plans, assessments, readiness, and capabilities.

  • Enhance and reform the assistant secretary of defense for special operations/low-intensity conflict to have authorities over special forces similar to the military service secretaries.

Impact

Members of the U.S. military, their families, and retirees; foreign allies of the U.S. military; and the DOD or other affected agencies.

Cost of Senate Bill S. 2987

The CBO estimates that enacting this bill would have a negligible impact on the federal budget, because it is an authorization rather than appropriations bill.

More Information

In-DepthSenate Armed Services Committee Chairman John McCain (R-AZ) offered the following statement in support of the bill which bears his name:

“I am proud that the Senate Armed Services Committee voted overwhelmingly to pass the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019. I am also deeply humbled that my colleagues saw fit to do me the undeserved honor of designating this year’s NDAA in my name. This legislation continues the committee’s reform agenda and helps better position the Department of Defense and the joint force to effectively implement the new National Defense Strategy even as it works to restore readiness, rebuild capacity, and modernize capabilities. I’m especially proud that the committee voted to incorporate over 300 amendments from members on both sides of the aisle during markup…
My term as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee has been far from perfect. But I am proud that over the last four years, members of the committee have upheld the Senate’s finest traditions, embraced regular order, worked within our peculiar rules and customs, and accepted the necessity of compromise. Thanks to my colleagues’ commitment to principled legislating, I believe the NDAA will continue to serve as an example of how the Senate can and should work: every year, a bill reported out of committee with contributions from both sides, brought to the floor for amendment and debate, passed in the Senate, conferenced with the House, passed again by both chambers, and signed into law by the President—imperfect, full of compromises, unsatisfactory for partisans on either side, but always striving to make incremental progress on solving problems and defending America from her adversaries.”

This legislation passed the Senate Armed Services Committee on a 25-2 vote. It was introduced by Sen. Jim Inhofe (R-OK) because of Sen. McCain’s absence as he undergoes treatment for brain cancer.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: U.S. Navy - Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Third Class Nathan Burke / Public Domain)

AKA

John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019

Official Title

An original bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    This is too much money to be spending on defense as we have a strong defense already if not the strongest . As most people would like to feel safe we shouldn’t do this because we have many things that we should worry about when we have a good defense.
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    With written review, I find that the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act is effective and should pass both Chambers of Congress. This Act will better supply the US Armed Forces with beneficial assets to keep America stronger than ever. With the help of Trump's horrible diplomacy, this Act will be a contribution to the safety of our citizens and reward veterans who've served to protect us with no doubt to stop.
    Like
    Follow
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    Facebook was the playing field for the Russian threat in the last election. Hackers are more of a national security threat than bombs, guns, and ships. We don't need over $700 billion to fill war monger's pockets. We need practical spending to counter current and future threats. And then we will be able to afford the things that will improve the lives of United States citizens, too. The status quo in military spending has not worked for decades.
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    The US is the biggest military threat worldwide, equal to all other countries put together. This is an immoral position for the officials of my country to continue in.
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    True defense is making our country and citizens truly secure: supporting education, infrastructure and health care. Our defense budget is greater than the combined budget of the next 7 countries defense budgets. Eisenhower was correct in his assessment in his farewell address and his prediction has come true. It is a threat to our democracy and to human existence.
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    THIS IS WAY TOO MUCH MONEY TO SPEND ON DEFENSE WHEN WE ALREADY HAVE TWICE OR MORE THE MILITARY OF ANY OTHER COUNTRY IN THE WORLD, ESPECIALLY SINCE WE ARE NO LONGER A WORLD LEADER WHO HAS TO HELP OUT ANY OTHER COUNTRY OR SET AN EXAMPLE, THANKS TO TRUMP'S TERRIBLE DIPLOMACY! AND WE CAN NO LONGER AFFORD IT SINCE THE WEALTHY AND BIG CORPORATE NOW DO NOT PAY THEIR FAIR SHARE OF TAXES, AND UNIONS HAVE BEEN REDUCED TO DUST! IF YOU WANT TO SPEND THIS MUCH ON THE MILITARY---REPEAL THE TAX CUTS FOR THE RICH AND BIG CORPORATE! AND GIVE UP ALL OF YOUR SALARIES, PENSIONS, HEALTHCARE, ETC. AND SERVE YOUR COUNTRY FOR FREE!
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    I think Ike would be very disappointed to see how accurate his concern was about a "military industrial complex"
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    How about we spend nothing on defense, as in my eyes, I think we’ve spent enough to hold ourselves up for the next couple of decades. Then let’s actually put that money into something that ACTUALLY matters to the county and it’s people. Let’s actually make America great again. But not from Trumps point of view.
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    Once again, we have the $$ for death and murderous destruction w our SMART BOMBS but fuck our DUMB KIDS & let's just keep disrespecting our HOMELESS VETERANS and while we're at it, let's just create more veterans lives to DESTROY!
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