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house Bill H.R. 4591

Should Iranians Funding Militias & Undermining Democracy in Iraq Face Sanctions?

Argument in favor

Congress should signal the importance of deterring Iranian efforts to destabilize Iraq by codifying existing sanctions against Iranians funding militias and undermining Iraq’s economic reconstruction & democratic reforms into law.

Melvin 's Opinion
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11/26/2018
The question is who gave them the idea that rescuers are now permanently there. Pack your bags and let them decide what kind of country they want in the 21st century
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Leon's Opinion
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11/26/2018
Should have never ended them in the first place.
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JayinNC's Opinion
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11/26/2018
Yes it was our fault for creating the power vacuum. Better the developer you know than the one you don’t. GH Bush never said no to Saddam, even when he hinted of his intentions. So what the hell did we think would happen when we took out the only one in the region that the Iranians had to watch their back and fear as he was as the Iranians are a product of this part of the world. I know everyone who voted to invade Iraq regrets it now all you hear for the Middle East is a big sucking sound.
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Argument opposed

The U.S. shouldn’t try to prevent Iran from destabilizing Iraq by funding elections or undermining economic reconstruction & democratic reforms. These sanctions are already imposed by executive order.

Robert 's Opinion
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11/26/2018
Congress needs to prevent Trump and his minions from doing anything in the Middle East without Congressional oversight. Trump has eliminated any possible chance of diplomatic solutions and goes right for the jugular. While this approach delights the Neocons and his base, it wreaks havoc on our allies and harms Iranian people. We need to get away from attempting regime change and identify our real enemy: Trump.
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Surender's Opinion
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11/26/2018
First stop the undermining of democracy in America by getting rid of the criminal mob in the wh & gop! When this so called illegitimate president lies cheats steals what business do we have pointing any fingers?
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WhiskeyBravo's Opinion
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11/26/2018
Alternative: Don’t create instability in Iraq in the first place. Leave the Middle East. Sanctions don’t work, never have, never will.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Committee on the Judiciary
    IntroducedDecember 7th, 2017

What is House Bill H.R. 4591?

This bill — the Preventing Iranian Destabilization of Iraq Act — would impose on Iranians who threaten the peace or stability of Iraq, attempt to undermine the democratic process in Iraq, or undermine economic reconstruction and political reforms in Iraq. Sanctioned individuals would have all property transactions in the U.S. blocked, in addition to being ineligible for visas (current visas would be revoked), and ineligible for admission to the U.S. Sanctions would be required through the end of the 2021 calendar year. These sanctions are currently imposed by executive order, this bill would codify them into law.

The president would be required to provide Congress with a report periodically (due every 180 days for up to five years) that details:

  • Iran’s support for Iraqi militias or political parties;

  • A list of referrals to the relevant UN Security Council sanctions committees;

  • The disposition of sanctioned Iranians who are in Iraq;

  • Lists of Iraqis who aided Iran’s transport of personnel, money, and arms to Syria to aid the Assad regime.

  • Iraqi financial institutions that are providing support to Iran-backed militias in Iraq.

  • Actions taken by Iran to influence Shia institutions in Najaf, Iraq.

Impact

Sanctioned Iranians; relevant Iraqis and Iraqi financial institutions; Congress; and the president.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 4591

The CBO estimates that enacting this bill would cost less than $500,000 annually and total $1 million over the 2019-2023 period.

More Information

In-Depth: Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-IL) introduced this bill to sanction Iranians who threaten the peace and stability of Iraq:

“For decades we have witnessed the true intentions of the Iranian regime when it comes to the United States of America, and our freedom-loving allies around the world. With their tyrannical and nuclear ambitions, the Iranian regime has sought to sow chaos across the Middle East, continuing to prop up murderous dictators and actively work against us. It’s important to remember that a quarter of the American soldiers killed in Iraq were because of Iran. I’m proud to introduce this legislation and send a strong message that we will not tolerate the destabilizing efforts of the Iranian regime when it comes to the Government of Iraq.”

Original cosponsor Rep. Tom Suozzi (D-NY) added:

“Iraq continues to face many threats and obstacles to its peace and security through Iran’s persistent meddling in their state institutions. Just this week, Iran threatened new violence against American troops in Iraq. This bipartisan bill is one more important step towards confronting the leading state sponsor of terror, a tyrannical regime that threatens both Israel and our Arab partners.”

This legislation passed the House Foreign Affairs Committee unanimously and has the support of 17 bipartisan cosponsors, including 14 Republicans and three Democrats.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: Tasnim News Agency / Creative Commons)

AKA

Preventing Iranian Destabilization of Iraq Act of 2017

Official Title

To impose sanctions with respect to Iranian persons that threaten the peace or stability of Iraq or the Government of Iraq.

    The question is who gave them the idea that rescuers are now permanently there. Pack your bags and let them decide what kind of country they want in the 21st century
    Like (16)
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    Congress needs to prevent Trump and his minions from doing anything in the Middle East without Congressional oversight. Trump has eliminated any possible chance of diplomatic solutions and goes right for the jugular. While this approach delights the Neocons and his base, it wreaks havoc on our allies and harms Iranian people. We need to get away from attempting regime change and identify our real enemy: Trump.
    Like (25)
    Follow
    Share
    First stop the undermining of democracy in America by getting rid of the criminal mob in the wh & gop! When this so called illegitimate president lies cheats steals what business do we have pointing any fingers?
    Like (22)
    Follow
    Share
    Alternative: Don’t create instability in Iraq in the first place. Leave the Middle East. Sanctions don’t work, never have, never will.
    Like (12)
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    Should have never ended them in the first place.
    Like (11)
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    I have no desire to deal with Iran over this when our president sucks up to the Prince in Saudi Arabia whom I believe was responsible for the death of an American journalist. I'd like to sanction our president. No more Coke or grease burgers until you adjust y our views of the intelligence officers who surely know more than Trump does.
    Like (9)
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    When are we going to introduce the Preventing United States Destabilization of the Middle East Act? We keep screwing up the Middle East with our unnecessary and counterproductive warfare and Iran is supposed to be the problem? We can’t even stay in the Iranian nuclear deal that we negotiated.
    Like (7)
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    Yes it was our fault for creating the power vacuum. Better the developer you know than the one you don’t. GH Bush never said no to Saddam, even when he hinted of his intentions. So what the hell did we think would happen when we took out the only one in the region that the Iranians had to watch their back and fear as he was as the Iranians are a product of this part of the world. I know everyone who voted to invade Iraq regrets it now all you hear for the Middle East is a big sucking sound.
    Like (6)
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    It would be the height of hypocrisy to sanction other countries for undermining democracy when our government is undermining democracy here at home
    Like (5)
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    Gee, maybe we should have continued down the path of a former leader and give these regimes a never ending flow of money and they will finally understand their illusions of grandeur are for naught and suddenly be caring, loving regimes! We will wear them down with our good intentions. With the past being a serious indicator of future events, the answer is simply...not gonna happen. Either we squash them or we shall be squashed! If any of you truly believe we can convince them through our unequaled logic, heads are gonna roll!
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    Are we going to sanction the Americans that destabilized Iraq and paid/pay to influence elections there? Are we going to hold leaders accountable for the deaths and destruction?
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    We must hold onto, and build from the progress made in stabilizing Iraq and destroying the terrorists in that country. Iraq is now one of our closest Allies and it is imperative that we prevent it from becoming an Iranian proxy. It should be our primary goal to stymie all of Iran’s murderous goals in the Middle East and Near East Regions.
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    And so should the people here who fund militias here face sanc
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    Better idea. Create an environment for peace in the Middle East.
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    We are in no way capable or have the authority to determine what’s best for Iraqis. We have proven that we are willing to sacrifice tens of thousands of Iraqi lives for our own greedy unctuous purposes. Iran being right next to Iraq has more legitimacy than we do when it comes to influencing Iraq. The Middle East would be better off without our military and economic intervention which has produced nothing but havoc, violence, war and poverty...
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    Ramming it down their throats didn’t work with the Native Americans and it won’t work with the Iranians. Forcibly imposing sanctions is a form of violence, and violence is the last refuge of the incompetent. Martin Luther’s response to criticism about use of the Wittenberg Chest has something to teach us -
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    My vote is for diplomatic resolution.
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    You can't really be serious here, can you? Who the hell made any of you king of the world? Unless the next bill will cut off military aid to Saudi Arabia, remove support for the war in Yemen AND punish MBS for the state-ordered MURDER of a permanent US citizen, this supposed noble action comes across for what it is - the latest dive into hypocrisy by the government.
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    Trump should have left the Iran deal alone! Now Iran will play their usual role upsetting the balance in the Middle East!
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    I have an idea, let’s mind our own business, get out of their area and let them decide what kind of government they want. It’s gotten to the point that I’m wishing some other country would come over here and help us restore democracy.
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