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house Bill H.R. 3530

Stopping Human Trafficking: State Grants, Increased Fines, and Child Pornography as Child Abuse

Argument in favor

Federal funding for state-level agencies is essential for effectively combating trafficking. Traffickers deserve larger fines. Child pornography is indeed child abuse.

Argument opposed

States must foot part of the bill, making this legislation more expensive than it seems on the surface.

bill Progress

  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house Passed May 20th, 2014
    Roll Call Vote 409 Yea / 0 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security
    IntroducedNovember 19th, 2013

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What is House Bill H.R. 3530?

This legislation addresses human trafficking—for sexual purposes or otherwise—through creating a number of new initiatives and provisions and amending some existing laws. Notably, the Act would impose an additional $5,000 dollar fine on any person convicted of human trafficking, define child pornography as a form of child abuse, and provide state grants through the Department of Defense to state law enforcement agencies, for the purpose of combating human trafficking. The bill would also allot funds to support services for child pornography victims and establish the Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, into which penalties for trafficking would be paid to help fund state grants programs. The states grants will require a state match of 30 percent in year one, 40 percent in year two, and 50 percent in year three. The Act is described in greater detail below.

This bill is one of five pieces of legislation that the House is likely to vote on this week. The additional four are: 


If enacted, the bill would be likely to allow state law enforcement agencies to combat human trafficking more effectively via specialized units focused solely on trafficking crimes. The bill would also place greater liability on the buyers of trafficked victims, not just the sellers, through increased fines and other penalties.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 3530

$25.00 Million
According to the CBO, the bill would authorize the appropriation of $25 million annually over the 2015-2019 period for the Department of Justice (DOJ) to provide grants to states and other recipients aimed at improving the enforcement of laws against human trafficking and to assist victims of such crimes. The bill also would establish levels of funding for 2016 through 2020 for DOJ’s Crime Victims Fund.

More Information

Of Note: 

-The National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) is a national, toll-free hotline, available to answer calls and texts from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year.

Phone: 1-888-373-7888

Text: HELP or INFO to BeFree (233733)

-According to the National Association of Attorneys General, human trafficking is a $32 billion global industry. The U.S. State Department estimates 14,500 to 17,500 people are trafficked into this country each year, with women accounting for 80 percent. Of those, 70 percent are forced into the commercial sex trade.

In Detail: 

According to the National Council of State Legislatures, the bill's aims are the: 

Establishment or enhancement of specialized law enforcement, first responders, health care officials, child welfare officials, juvenile justice personnel, prosecutors, and judicial personnel training programs. These programs must be geared towards identifying victims and acts of child human trafficking, address the unique needs of victims, facilitate the rescue of victims, investigate and prosecute acts of child human trafficking, and implement and educate on state safe harbor laws;
Establishment or enhancement of dedicated anti-child human trafficking law enforcement units and task forces to investigate child human trafficking offenses and to rescue victims.  This includes funding a broad range of law enforcement salaries, except that the percentage of the salary paid through this grant cannot exceed the amount of time expended on human trafficking issues by the law enforcement officer. Also permissible is funding for investigation expenses in child trafficking cases including wire taps, experts in the field, travel, and technical assistance. Funds may also be used for dedicated anti-child human trafficking prosecution units, and the establishment of child human trafficking victim witness safety, assistance and relocation programs;
Establishment or enhancement of problem solving court programs for child human trafficking victims including continual judicial supervision of those identified by law enforcement as potential trafficking victims, development of specialized and individualized treatment programs for trafficking victims, and collaborative efforts with child advocacy centers, child welfare agencies, shelters, and non-governmental organizations to provide services to victims and encourage cooperation with law enforcement;
Establishment or enhancement of victims’ services programs including residential care, 24-hour social services response systems, and counseling and case management services.


Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2014

Official Title

To provide justice for the victims of trafficking.

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