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house Bill H.R. 2565

Should the Federal Gov’t Develop a Strategy to Address Economic & Security Challenges Posed by China?

Argument in favor

China’s multifaceted challenge to the U.S. — in the security, economic and political spheres — requires a government-wide response. This bill would facilitate this process and ensure that the U.S. government is prepared to address the numerous challenges that China poses to its interests both at home and abroad.

David 's Opinion
···
06/08/2019
We had one and the TPP was part of it. We all know what Trump did with that. Any plan he would develop would have to keep his family’s, his daughter’s, and his own business interests safe. Probably why he doesn’t have a plan.
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06/08/2019
How about any strategy. How about you show that you can actually do something in Washington DC that benefits the citizens of this country.
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jimK's Opinion
···
06/05/2019
Read the book "The Shadow War" which covers what Russia and China are doing and why, from the perspective of senior active and retired defense and cyber-security specialists. It addresses specifically the lack of a top level, consistent and coherent policy for dealing with the threats, and guiding what form of counter-action should be employed to send a message while avoiding a shooting war- kind of of mutually assured cyber-destruction policy. China and Russia are NOT guided by western democratic values. Each has engaged in political/economic espionage and in cyber-exploring our infrastructure. Each has developed ways of shutting down our network of GPS and military satellites. China has been monitored testing drone subs near otherwise inaccessible areas of transatlantic cables. They are demonstrating the threat of military action if needed. We need a well thought out consistent diplomatic effort with a clear message and a long term strategy to get them to “play fair”.
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Argument opposed

The U.S. is already beginning to embrace a whole-of-government approach to addressing the challenge posed by China without this bill. Additionally, ratcheting up the government-wide effort to counter Chinese influence will certainly derail already-tense negotiations to end the trade war between the two countries, which could worsen if negotiations fail.

Jim2423's Opinion
···
06/08/2019
No China has been ripping the world off. Our President is standing up to them now for the first time. He has done his best to aid those impacted by the tariffs. No we don’t need a cowardly act to do anything but stand our ground. I have two Democrats representing me in the Senate, I hope they stick with us Nevadans, stand our ground. I just hope everyone likes driving Chinese made GM automobiles. China drives more cars than us. GM closed those plants to move to China. So do not support Chinese GM automobiles. Put a huge tariff on Chinese GM products.
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JTJ's Opinion
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06/10/2019
Trump is dealing with China just fine. How about the government develop a strategy to deal with our debt.
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Mark's Opinion
···
06/08/2019
We have a strategy it’s called President Trump you know a strong President instead of a President whose son takes money from them
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Ways and Means
      Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security
    IntroducedMay 7th, 2019

What is House Bill H.R. 2565?

This bill — the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Act of 2019 — would seek to reduce the U.S. government’s reliance on Chinese supply chains and push back on China’s unfair trade practices by implementing many recommendations made by the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. In total, this bill would require more than 10 government agencies to work together to create a whole-of-government approach to address Chinese challenges to the U.S. in both the economic and security spheres.

Specifically, this bill would require:

  • An assessment of and report on the federal supply chain’s potential vulnerabilities to Chinese threats, to be carried out by the administration;
  • The U.S. Trade Representative to assess whether it’s in the U.S.’ national interest to bring a complaint against China at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in coordination with U.S. allies and partners;
  • The Dept. of Justice (DOJ) to determine whether members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) are intimidating U.S. residents and ensure that Chinese government publications distributed in the U.S. are clearly labeled as such;
  • The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to report on the effects (on freedom of navigation, sea control, and U.S. interests) of China’s existing and potential facilities along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the New Maritime Silk Road;
  • The National Counterintelligence and Security Center to report on the CCP’s influence and propaganda activities in the U.S.;
  • The Depts. Of Defense (DOD) and Homeland Security (DHS) to assess the implications of changes in the Chinese Coast Guard’s command structure;
  • The Dept. of Commerce and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to indentify the steps required to roll out a secure 5G wireless network;
  • The Comptroller General to assess potential risks involved in U.S.-China technical cooperation;
  • The Treasury Dept. to report on China’s enforcement of UN sanctions on North Korea; and
  • The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) to report on China’s trade-distorting practices and what it’s doing to counteract Chinese policies’ anticompetitive impact.

Impact

Treasury Dept.; WTO; DOJ; CPP; DOD; DHS; Commerce Dept.; FCC; Comptroller General; DNI; USTR; China; U.S.-China relations; Chinese Coast Guard; Silk Road Economic Belt; and the New Maritime Silk Road.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 2565

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Brad Sherman (D-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia, introduced this bill to harness at least ten government agencies’ resources to help counter China’s multifaceted challenge to the United States:

“For too long China has been stealing U.S. technology and jobs with impunity and it is increasingly trying to influence public opinion in the United States. The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Act of 2019 would create a whole-of-government approach to counter China’s whole-of-society challenge.”

Original cosponsor Rep. Mike Gallagher (R-WI) adds that this bill is needed to China’s influence:

“The United States faces no greater economic, political, and security threat than China. We must act with a sense of urgency to address the malign activities of the Chinese Communist Party and implementing the important recommendations of the U.S.-China Economic and Security commission would serve as an important step in doing so.”

Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE), who’s sponsoring the Senate version of this bill, says China now poses security, economic and political challenges to the U.S. that need to be addressed:

“From its unfair trade practices to its rapid military expansion, China now presents security, economic, and political challenges to the United States unlike any we’ve faced before. China is acting swiftly and aggressively to expand its power and influence around the globe, and Congress must do its part to ensure the United States is positioned to work with China where we can, but also, push back where we must.”

Original Senate cosponsor Sen. Tim Kaine (D-VA) contends that while the U.S. should cooperate with China on global issues, that position isn’t incongruous with defending U.S. interests against Chinese encroachment:

“For too long, the United States has failed to address the challenge that China poses to our economy, our allies in East Asia, and to international norms on human rights and civil liberties. It is now clear that a new approach is needed, and this bill will begin to lay the foundation for a reassessment of the U.S.-China relationship. Although I believe we should cooperate with China to resolve pressing global issues, we cannot shy away from defending U.S. interests and the international system that has brought peace and prosperity to the Pacific region.”

Critics of a hardline approach to U.S.-China relations argue that it endangers stable relations and contend that there are numerous benefits to continued engagement and cooperation with China. They also point out that the costs of dealing with Chinese retaliation to hardline U.S. policies could be high, as the two countries’ economies are tightly intertwined and Asian partners and allies also have consumers, businesses, and stockholders that’d be negatively affected by a deterioration in U.S.-China relations.

This bill has two Republican House cosponsors. Its Senate companion is sponsored by Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE) with two bipartisan Senate cosponsors (one of from party).


Of NoteIn its 2018 annual report to Congress, the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission made 26 recommendations to Congress, 10 of which it deemed to be “of particular significance.” The Commission’s 10 key recommendations are all included in this bill.

The U.S. began embracing a whole-of-government strategy to address the challenges posed by China beginning in late summer 2018. Congress led the push via legislation, hearings and statements targeting Chinese practices; the Trump administration used tariffs to also punish China; and administration officials turned up the rhetorical heat on China in public statements, interviews and editorials.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / ANNECORDON)

AKA

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Act of 2019

Official Title

To implement the recommendations of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, and for other purposes.

    We had one and the TPP was part of it. We all know what Trump did with that. Any plan he would develop would have to keep his family’s, his daughter’s, and his own business interests safe. Probably why he doesn’t have a plan.
    Like (57)
    Follow
    Share
    No China has been ripping the world off. Our President is standing up to them now for the first time. He has done his best to aid those impacted by the tariffs. No we don’t need a cowardly act to do anything but stand our ground. I have two Democrats representing me in the Senate, I hope they stick with us Nevadans, stand our ground. I just hope everyone likes driving Chinese made GM automobiles. China drives more cars than us. GM closed those plants to move to China. So do not support Chinese GM automobiles. Put a huge tariff on Chinese GM products.
    Like (23)
    Follow
    Share
    How about any strategy. How about you show that you can actually do something in Washington DC that benefits the citizens of this country.
    Like (43)
    Follow
    Share
    Read the book "The Shadow War" which covers what Russia and China are doing and why, from the perspective of senior active and retired defense and cyber-security specialists. It addresses specifically the lack of a top level, consistent and coherent policy for dealing with the threats, and guiding what form of counter-action should be employed to send a message while avoiding a shooting war- kind of of mutually assured cyber-destruction policy. China and Russia are NOT guided by western democratic values. Each has engaged in political/economic espionage and in cyber-exploring our infrastructure. Each has developed ways of shutting down our network of GPS and military satellites. China has been monitored testing drone subs near otherwise inaccessible areas of transatlantic cables. They are demonstrating the threat of military action if needed. We need a well thought out consistent diplomatic effort with a clear message and a long term strategy to get them to “play fair”.
    Like (33)
    Follow
    Share
    Democrats are late to the party as usual, is this already being done? If not why. China has been a threat ever since Mao seized power in 1949, as much as the Soviet Union and even more since they have gotten the bomb and ways to deliver those bombs. #MAGA
    Like (19)
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    We need to maintain a constructive and diplomatic relationship with China, but at the same time, we can’t let them step on our toes. Also, the right way to deal with China is not through a trade war like what the moron-in-chief is doing!
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    Yep. It’s called sticking by trade agreements such as the TPP and a little thing called Diplomacy, a subject not taught apparently at Trump University.
    Like (17)
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    Trump is dealing with China just fine. How about the government develop a strategy to deal with our debt.
    Like (14)
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    Ummm...yeah. America First. Protect our interests, economy, and people.
    Like (12)
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    We can eradicate hate, so I’m sure we can eradicate greed. We are but a sand pebble on the beach of an ever expanding universe. We should share in its wealth, and understand what it’s telling us, global warming is not a hoax. Storms will get worse, tornadoes will get stronger, hurricanes will be more deadly, we shouldn’t be worrying of that we have to about security to our government to our way of life. But we should have full trust in our government. They are there for our best interest.
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    Yes. China represents threats to our nation- economic threats and threats to our security in numerous ways. There must be ongoing assessments- similarly with other non-allied nations such as Russia and North Korea - to name the obvious ones.
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    We have a strategy it’s called President Trump you know a strong President instead of a President whose son takes money from them
    Like (9)
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    I would hope our government has already come up with a strategic plan to deal with China. You know they have!
    Like (8)
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    Why just China? Why not China’s new best Friend....Russia as well. .
    Like (8)
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    We had a fairly good one & TTP was apart of that. Then TRYMP NADE THE STUPID MOVE TO WITHDRAW FROM TTP. Not sure what this administration can do that’s any better than the entire western world was involved in. TTP would be best until they possibly come up with something.
    Like (8)
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    YES! The current leadership is inconsistent and approaches these long term problems in a sophomoric and brutish manner. Skilled people, academics and senior politicians plus senior military officers, should be tasked with developing both strategic and some tactical recommendations for Congress and the Executive branches. The current “strategy” is simplistic, confrontational, and dangerous due to emotional and even irrational leadership. This must change!
    Like (7)
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    The Presidents doing a better job of that than Congress ever has. Congress is the reason we are in the upside down tariff mess. You let foreign countries subsidize their farmers, so they can sell cheaper to us, while putting our farmers out of work.
    Like (7)
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    Yes I think we need a strategy to address our main rival. But I think this president will have to leave office for it to be enforced
    Like (6)
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    And Russia We no longer have to worry about wasting money on a wall since don the con made up a fake treaty with Mexico-See the 500 word agreement-already in the process months ago-another con Maybe he can make up another fake agreement with China and Russia
    Like (6)
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    The TPP was part of that strategy. Donald Trump and the GOP threw it out and tanked our standing in the world.
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