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house Bill H.R. 133

Should the U.S. & Mexico Partner on Economic Initiatives?

Argument in favor

America’s economic relationship with Mexico is longstanding, and needs to be reaffirmed. Bolstering both countries’ academic institutions, entrepreneurs, infrastructure, and medical training will benefit both nations.

burrkitty's Opinion
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01/10/2019
For sure, and Canada too. Being friendly with our neighbors is good sense. Despite what some ignorant people think, the money flows both ways at the border. More trade is good!
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DrCindyBean's Opinion
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01/06/2019
I hope this bill gets bi partisan support. This is sensible.
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IllWill's Opinion
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01/10/2019
Absolutely! Strengthening our economic ties with Mexico will only help improve our relationship with our southern neighbor. We need to encourage a lot more cooperation and diplomacy throughout the world, but especially with our close neighbors.
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Argument opposed

There are already many forms of economic and academic exchange between the U.S. and Mexico, making this bill unnecessary. Other aspects of the U.S.-Mexico relationship, like border security, need more attention.

NoHedges's Opinion
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01/10/2019
Not until US born students are given the same access to higher education funding. We have a nation of under employed wage slaves who should receive priority access, and this bill would send American students to the back of the line. No, a grant for 1000 documented Latino students 1st would be a compromise.
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JTJ's Opinion
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01/10/2019
Stop wasting our tax dollars. Mexico is not interested in doing anything to help us. Look at the caravans they allow to come through their country to storm our border. Cut off all foreign aid.
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Jane's Opinion
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01/06/2019
I would not trust that the standard of education in Mexico would remain as high as the United States long term. We have more important issues to focus on with Mexico such as border security.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Foreign Relations
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
    IntroducedJanuary 3rd, 2019

What is House Bill H.R. 133?

This bill — the United States-Mexico Economic Partnership Act — would aim to promote economic partnership and cooperation between the U.S. and Mexico through academic exchanges, entrepreneurship, and infrastructure integration which use grants from the 100,000 Strong in Americas Initiative. The legislation includes sections related to education, entrepreneurship, infrastructure, and medical training, breakdowns of which can be found below.

Education

This bill would make it U.S. policy to increase U.S.-Mexico academic exchanges at the secondary, post-secondary, and post-graduate levels with an eye toward doubling the number of exchange students studying in each country within five years. Priority would be given to strengthening ties between communities and academic institutions in those portions of the United States and Mexico that are within 100 kilometers of the international boundary between those countries.

Entrepreneurship

The president would be responsible for developing a plan to implement policies and programs that support cooperation, training, and mentoring of entrepreneurs. Such policies and programs should seek to provide at least 100 grants of up to $25,000 each for program participants to better leverage participation by the private sector.

Infrastructure

The president would be responsible for developing a plan to implement policies and programs that promote U.S.-Mexico energy infrastructure coordination and cooperation through support of vocational-level education, internships, and exchanges between the two countries. Those policies and programs would seek to provide education, internships, and exchanges for at least 1,000 program participants.

Medical Training

The president would be responsible for developing a plan to implement a pilot program to develop a pipeline between undergraduate colleges and universities in the U.S. and medical school programs in Mexico. This program should be utilized to prepare medical students to become doctors who can pass U.S. medical licensing board exams. The pilot program should seek to increase the number of bilingual medical professionals in a cost-effective manner who can practice in U.S. underserved communities.

Impact

Students; medical students; entrepreneurs; infrastructure; U.S.; Mexico; and the president.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 133

The CBO estimates that implementing this bill would cost less than $500,00 a year, for a total of less than $2 million over the 2019-2023 period.

More Information

In-Depth: Rep. Henry Cuellar (D-TX) re-introduced this bill, which he previously introduced in the 115th Congress to strengthen cooperation between the U.S. and Mexico on a range of commercial, cultural, and educational priorities:

“Mexico is the United States’ second-largest export market and third-largest trading partner; the relationship between our two countries runs deep and bridges commercial, cultural, and educational divides. This is why I introduced the United States-Mexico Economic Partnership Act. Increasing academic exchanges in the energy, business, education, and health sectors will increase economic prosperity in both nations and allow us to further capitalize on the strengths each country has to offer.”

Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY), speaking on the floor in support of this bill at its House Foreign Affairs Committee markup, called it an important expression of support for Mexico:

“Our partnerships with foreign countries are important for economic development as well, especially when it comes to our neighbors… Mexico is a friend and ally...our third-largest trading partner...and a country with which we share extraordinarily close cultural and familial ties. This bill requires the Secretary of State to expand educational and professional exchange programs with Mexico. It’s important that we send a strong message to the Mexican people that the United States Congress will not walk away from them despite the damage that has been done to its relationship in recent months and years.”

This bill's 116th Congress version has two cosponsors, including one Republican and one Democrat. In  the 115th Congress, it passed the House Committee on Foreign Affairs unanimously with the support of four cosponsors, all of whom were Democrats.


Of Note: Mexico is one of America's top three trading partners, with an estimated $615 billion in two-way trade between the two countries in 2017. However, despite the closeness of this economic relationship, not many Mexican students study in the U.S. In the 2015-2016 academic year, over 56,000 U.S. students studied in other countries in the Western Hemisphere and over 84,000 non-U.S. students from the region studied in the U.S., but only 5,000 U.S. students studied in Mexico and only 16,000 Mexican students studied in the U.S.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / MicroStockHub)

AKA

United States-Mexico Economic Partnership Act

Official Title

To promote economic partnership and cooperation between the United States and Mexico.

    For sure, and Canada too. Being friendly with our neighbors is good sense. Despite what some ignorant people think, the money flows both ways at the border. More trade is good!
    Like (19)
    Follow
    Share
    Not until US born students are given the same access to higher education funding. We have a nation of under employed wage slaves who should receive priority access, and this bill would send American students to the back of the line. No, a grant for 1000 documented Latino students 1st would be a compromise.
    Like (14)
    Follow
    Share
    Stop wasting our tax dollars. Mexico is not interested in doing anything to help us. Look at the caravans they allow to come through their country to storm our border. Cut off all foreign aid.
    Like (7)
    Follow
    Share
    I hope this bill gets bi partisan support. This is sensible.
    Like (7)
    Follow
    Share
    Seeing that they are one of our largest trading partners, it seems logical to talk with them about strengthening our economic ties.
    Like (5)
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    Share
    Absolutely! Strengthening our economic ties with Mexico will only help improve our relationship with our southern neighbor. We need to encourage a lot more cooperation and diplomacy throughout the world, but especially with our close neighbors.
    Like (5)
    Follow
    Share
    No wall, no wall, no wall. Trade? Of course. Without exception, all organizations are powered by profit. College tuition, charitable donations and taxes supporting the military were ALL profits made elsewhere.
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    I would not trust that the standard of education in Mexico would remain as high as the United States long term. We have more important issues to focus on with Mexico such as border security.
    Like (3)
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    Partner on getting the hell out of the way of economic enterprise. There is literally nothing that government can do to help in the long run. At best a government can be less dead weight in the present, but only at the expense of being a greater dead weight in the future.
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    This will only work with a person in office that doesn’t blatantly and openly show his disdain and contempt for Mexico’s people.
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    Given the dangerous and ego driven agenda of “45” we need to create alternative paths to cooperative and mutually beneficial programs with Mexico and other countries he continues to insult while destroying our global relationships.
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    Yes. Global economy. Helps all.
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    We need to support the continued advancement and corporation between the two Counties.
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    We should end all import/export taxes and tariffs. As far as economic growth via government spending, that's a contradiction in terms.
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    We have to work with our closest allies. We have to make sure both will work together economically and work on the world stage.
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    Yes, but the wall comes first!
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    Yes. Trade is usually a win-win situation regardless of what Trump says.
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    No wall, nothing gets done.
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    As long as this is beneficial to both countries, then yes please enact this legislation.
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    Vote yes! By helping both our economies, we could better the lives of both Americans and Mexicans, undercut cartel operations, and hopefully alleviate some of the reasons that cause people to made the decision to risk their lives to immigrate.
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