In 2014, a jihadist insurgency arrived in Northern Mali, taking over a territory the size of France in a matter of weeks. Only with French intervention and the deployment of the Foreign Legion was the assault pushed back, and even today France has forces stationed in northern Mali to guard against a very real threat of a terror state. This is a theme that is only going to continue into the coming years. Insurgencies in northern Nigeria, Libya, the Algerian bled, and broadly across the poorly governed, semi-arid region called the Sahel are gaining strength. International terror outfits like ISIS and Al-Qaeda have already established offshoots in these regions, making the terror threat very real. In supporting trans-Sahara security operations, we are putting relatively few resourced - largely dedicated towards training existing militaries on the ground - to highly effective use in the future. There is no scenario in the future where America can turn its back on this region, because while terrorist groups have long thrived in ungoverned spaces of the Middle East, the Sahara is proving a ripe target for their future expansion. This bill is sensible, and even if its not made permanent now, it sure as hell will be in practice.