This resolution would repeal the Dept. of Education’s “Borrower Defense Institutional Accountability” rule that was finalized on September 23, 2019, and would take effect on July 1, 2020. The regulation modifies an Obama era rule that allowed student borrowers to seek forgiveness of student loans if a higher education institution misled them or engaged in other misconduct in violation of the law. The new rule would narrow the window for filing such claims to three years after graduation or withdrawal; extend the window for students to obtain relief if they can’t complete their programs before a school closes from 120 days to 180 days; allow students to allege a specific amount of financial harm that may be greater or lesser than their original claim; reduce precipitous closures by encouraging institutions to close only after completing well-planned teach-outs which give students a reasonable opportunity to finish their programs; maintain the current preponderance of evidence standard; and rescind the current prohibition on mandatory arbitration agreements.
Under the Congressional Review Act, Congress can overturn regulations issued within the last 60 legislative days with simple majority votes in both chambers. The resolution would need to be signed into law by the president to take effect.