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senate Bill S. Joint Res. 54

Should Congress Terminate the Border Security Emergency Declared by President Trump?

Argument in favor

President Donald Trump usurped congressional authority by arbitrarily declaring a national emergency in an effort to fund construction of his border wall. Congress ought to exercise its constitutional power as a coequal branch of government by terminating the emergency declaration.

jimK's Opinion
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09/25/2019
If there were any deportations of the drug lords, cartel enforcers, human traffickers or crazed gang members that was THE JUSTIFICATION for declaring a border emergency and the WALL, I would say OK. There were none. All I have seen is the mass deportation of people who have lived here peacefully for years, worked hard to support their families, paid their federal taxes, supported our military and behaved as good citizen's. So the "border crisis" is bullshit. I wonder how many rich folk, how many white supremacists, how many Congressman- dutifully pay their fair share of federal taxes? As far as the massive influx of immigrants, this was a manufactured crisis due to our stopping humanitarian aid to South American countries whose food chain has been ravaged by climate change as well as those wanting to get here before the promised more stringent barriers are fully imposed. trump manufactured this ‘crisis’ based on race based hate to have a rallying point for those who are easily swayed by slogans, chants and innuendo.
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Mark's Opinion
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09/25/2019
No emergency exist other than the situation created by the #45 regime.
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Robert 's Opinion
···
09/25/2019
Brian said it succinctly. There's no emergency. Trump shifted funds from the military to his wall. Other pressing issues suffer from this egomaniac's focus on his personal agenda.
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Argument opposed

For better or worse, Congress gave the president the power to declare emergencies and use certain defense funds to address them. This bill is nothing more than an attempt by Democrats to score political points, as they know they won’t have the votes to override President Trump’s veto.

Robert's Opinion
···
09/25/2019
Congress has been unwilling to protect the United States by reforming immigration. The president has been stopped at every turn by a congress that wants open borders and wants the tax payer to pay for illegal immigration and support the Democrat party. Pass a bill that is a true immigration policy. Protect the borders and citizens of the United States.
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Gregory's Opinion
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09/25/2019
The establishment government officials in both parties are now working against the american people. Remember this when it comes time to vote and who is looking out for you and your family
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Raymond 's Opinion
···
09/25/2019
Just more PROOF, that Democrats respect and love Illegal immigrants more than their constituents. They are GRAND STANDING for POLITICAL PURPOSES only. Fix the LAWS and the PROBLEM goes away. Geez how simple would this be!!!!But no. The Democrats want to have a bigger voter base with illegal immigrants voting in elections that have NO ID REQUIREMENTS. Go figure.
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joint resolution Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The house Passed September 27th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 236 Yea / 174 Nay
  • The senate Passed September 25th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 54 Yea / 41 Nay
      senate Committees
      Committee on Armed Services
    IntroducedSeptember 10th, 2019

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What is Senate Bill S. Joint Res. 54?

This joint resolution would terminate the national emergency related to the U.S.-Mexico border, declared by the President on February 15, 2019. This would terminate the national emergency declaration, halting further transfers of congressionally-approved funding away from military construction projects.

Under the National Emergencies Act, Congress can vote every six months to terminate emergencies declared by the president and legislation to that effect can be given expedited consideration: a joint resolution to terminate an emergency would have to be reported out of committee within 15 calendar days and placed on the floor for a vote within three calendar days after that. If passed, the bill would have the same privileged status in the other chamber of Congress.

As a joint resolution, this legislation could be considered by both chambers of Congress and signed into law by the president.

Impact

Congress; federal agencies; and the president.

Cost of Senate Bill S. Joint Res. 54

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthSponsoring Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM) introduced this joint resolution for a second time in the 116th Congress to terminate President Trump’s national emergency declaration and uphold the separation of powers outlined in the Constitution

“New Mexico just lost $125 million in military construction funding and millions more could be at risk if this so-called emergency goes on unchecked. We must continue to stand up in a bipartisan way to block the president from circumventing Congress and stepping on the separation of powers, or else a new and dangerous precedent will be set. Emergency declarations are for true national emergencies—not for going around Congress to get funding that Congress rejected as part of the regular budget process. Along with many New Mexicans, I believe the border wall is an ineffective and offensive vanity project that wastes taxpayer dollars. But stopping any administration from taking away Congressionally-appropriated funds – designated for critical military projects in our states – for political purposes should be something that we can all agree on, regardless of where you stand on the border wall.”

Original cosponsor Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME) adds

“Let me be clear: The question before us is not whether to support or oppose the wall, or to support or oppose the President. Rather, it is: Do we want the Executive Branch—now or in the future—to hold a power that the Founders deliberately entrusted to Congress? I strongly support protecting the institutional prerogatives of the Senate, and the system of checks and balances that is central to the structure of our government. Each of these deferred military construction projects was recommended by the President in his budget request, and funding for them was passed by both chambers of Congress and signed into law by the President, just as our system was intended to work. This bipartisan Resolution blocks this overreach, and nothing more, and I urge our colleagues to support it.”

When the Trump administration announced its plan to divert $3.6 billion in military construction funding to build the border all, Republican senators up for reelection from affected states — Colorado, Arizona, North Carolina, Texas and South Carolina — stuck with the president, insisting that they money will be replenished later on. Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), who is up for reelection in 2020 and whose state will see military money diverted for the wall, says: 

“I’m willing to divert funding for the wall since we couldn’t get a legislative outcome we can deal with these projects later in the next budget cycle. But I’m willing to divert the funding and absorb some pain to get the wall moving forward.”

Sen John Cornyn (R-TX) argues that the current predicament is due to Democrats’ stonewalling on funding for the wall. Downplaying concerns about military construction projects in his home state, Sen. Cornyn argues that passing funding to replenish funds diverted now later on will be drop in the bucket against total defense appropriations: 

“We wouldn’t be in this position if Democrats would just vote for border security funds but since they won’t do it then the president is exercising these extraordinary powers. We all have parochial concerns about our states but border security is part of national security so my constituents want to make sure we do our job. And if the Democrats won’t cooperate then we’re going to have to do the best we can without them.”

This legislation has two bipartisan Senate cosponsors, one from each party. A previous version of this legislation in the Senate (S.J.Res.10), also sponsored by Sen. Udall, has three bipartisan Senate cosponsors, including two Republicans and one Democrat.

The original House version (H.J.Res.46) of this joint resolution, sponsored by Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-TX), passed both chambers of Congress, but was vetoed by President Trump on March 15, 2019. Overriding the veto would require a two-thirds vote in both chambers of Congress. A new House version (H.J.Res.75), sponsored by Rep. Castro, was introduced on September 19, 2019 without any cosponsors.


Of NotePresident Trump declared a national emergency to access $3.6 billion in funding from the Dept. of Defense’s military construction budget and use it to build barriers on the southern border (an additional $3.1 billion will come through other executive actions).


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell & Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: Customs and Border Protection / Public Domain)

AKA

A joint resolution relating to a national emergency declared by the President on February 15, 2019.

Official Title

A joint resolution relating to a national emergency declared by the President on February 15, 2019.

    If there were any deportations of the drug lords, cartel enforcers, human traffickers or crazed gang members that was THE JUSTIFICATION for declaring a border emergency and the WALL, I would say OK. There were none. All I have seen is the mass deportation of people who have lived here peacefully for years, worked hard to support their families, paid their federal taxes, supported our military and behaved as good citizen's. So the "border crisis" is bullshit. I wonder how many rich folk, how many white supremacists, how many Congressman- dutifully pay their fair share of federal taxes? As far as the massive influx of immigrants, this was a manufactured crisis due to our stopping humanitarian aid to South American countries whose food chain has been ravaged by climate change as well as those wanting to get here before the promised more stringent barriers are fully imposed. trump manufactured this ‘crisis’ based on race based hate to have a rallying point for those who are easily swayed by slogans, chants and innuendo.
    Like (360)
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    Share
    Congress has been unwilling to protect the United States by reforming immigration. The president has been stopped at every turn by a congress that wants open borders and wants the tax payer to pay for illegal immigration and support the Democrat party. Pass a bill that is a true immigration policy. Protect the borders and citizens of the United States.
    Like (127)
    Follow
    Share
    No emergency exist other than the situation created by the #45 regime.
    Like (180)
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    Brian said it succinctly. There's no emergency. Trump shifted funds from the military to his wall. Other pressing issues suffer from this egomaniac's focus on his personal agenda.
    Like (169)
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    One of the biggest hoaxes perpetrated on working Americans. No one is coming from other countries to take your middle- and lower-class jobs - the real enemy is here already: the corporate dictatorship of our government and economy!
    Like (98)
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    There is no emergency, it's been a long time and nothing has been solved, and Trump just used this so he can grab money from the military. It was a false emergency while real threats such as opioids, poverty, healthcare inequality, and climate change threaten the fabric of our nation. Stop the power grab.
    Like (92)
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    It’s not an emergency. No one is invading. We are not under attack. See it for what it is, a refugee crisis.
    Like (74)
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    They should undo every act he's authorized. He's a useless, reckless president who never should've been elected in the first place. He's caused so many problems in this country and abroad. Impeachment is too good for him, he needs to be imprisoned.
    Like (61)
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    The national emergency should be terminated. This is a terrible use of our country’s money. Please vote to cancel this “emergency.” Thank you.
    Like (49)
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    The establishment government officials in both parties are now working against the american people. Remember this when it comes time to vote and who is looking out for you and your family
    Like (48)
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    Just more PROOF, that Democrats respect and love Illegal immigrants more than their constituents. They are GRAND STANDING for POLITICAL PURPOSES only. Fix the LAWS and the PROBLEM goes away. Geez how simple would this be!!!!But no. The Democrats want to have a bigger voter base with illegal immigrants voting in elections that have NO ID REQUIREMENTS. Go figure.
    Like (47)
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    Another “Trumped-Up” fake emergency
    Like (41)
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    Terminate the national emergency declaration by trump - it’s phony!
    Like (38)
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    Given that there is no emergency and the president is merely exploiting a loophole to fund his personal agenda? Yes, please.
    Like (36)
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    The only emergency has been created by this president. The emergency is taking care of those that this president has incarcerated for trying to better their living conditions. An effort really needs to be made on uniting the parents and the children.
    Like (32)
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    This President is out of control. He moved money from the military budget to go around congress and the American people to build a wall that isn’t being built. Then makes tells the people he is making great progress on the wall, when he only thing that’s been done is replacing some parts that are already there. By using military money he is endangering our national security and costing jobs for people who should be working on projects he cancelled to use money on wall.
    Like (31)
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    The President is using fear as a factor to motivate his voters. He says that there is a crisis at the border, and that wall construction is underway, when really the wall has not had significant construction yet. The President is exaggerating and lying to the public about an important issue, and that’s why his “crisis” should be ended.
    Like (26)
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    For better or worse, Congress gave the president the power to declare emergencies and use certain defense funds to address them. This bill is nothing more than an attempt by Democrats to score political points, as they know they won’t have the votes to override President Trump’s veto. First we need border walls to keep our illegals that drain our schools, housing, social benefits, & resources! Second we don’t need illegals suing & murdering people who actually have a right to be in this country! There has been way to much of the illegals have more rights than citizens going on! Citizens have the rights everyone else needs to be send back where they came from we have room for patient legal immigration that wait three years paying lawyers fees! Build the wall taller, thicker, deeper & with more censors, drones, lights!
    Like (26)
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    This border wall won’t fix illegal migrations. tRump said Mexico would pay for it and he only said it to excite his base. He’s liar and can’t be trusted...
    Like (24)
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    Put a fence around the whitehouse. That’s where the National emergency is.
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