This resolution would propose an amendment to the Constitution to prevent members of Congress from serving for more than 18 consecutive years. Representatives would be limited to nine consecutive terms in office, while senators would be limited to three consecutive terms in office. Term-limited members of Congress would be eligible to run again one year after their term ends. Any partial term in office to fill a vacancy would only count against the limit if it was for more than one year. The term limit wouldn’t apply retroactively, so current members of Congress would start with a fresh slate if the amendment is enacted.
As a joint resolution that proposes a constitutional amendment, the president’s signature wouldn’t be required for this to be enacted. Rather, at least three-fourths of the states — currently 38 — must ratify the amendment for it to take effect.