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senate Bill S. 825

Suppressing Nuclear Plans: Keeping Sanctions On Iran

Argument in favor

The sanctions on Iran are one of the few things that Congress and the American public are relatively united on. Making them into law and preventing the President from removing them is best for the country's safety.

DonaldTrump's Opinion
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06/18/2015
"I would have doubled and tripled up the sanctions." [cnn.com]
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ScottWalker's Opinion
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08/20/2015
“I will terminate that deal...I will put in place crippling economic sanctions on Iran, and I will convince our allies to do the same.” Read more at http://www.nytimes.com/politics/first-draft/2015/07/14/scott-walker-says-he-would-kill-iran-deal-and-seek-crippling-sanctions/
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rickwhite42's Opinion
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04/29/2015
Iran has been given more than enough time to comply with UN inspectors in opening their facilities for inspection. They have openly stated that the primary goal of their nuclear program is to supply terrorist groups with such weapons and vows to destroy both the U.S and our only ally In the Middle East, Israel. Congressional leaders need to stand firm on this issue and continue to stand with Israel.
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Argument opposed

The President needs flexibility in negotiating overseas treaties — especially when they involve nuclear proliferation. This bill would make a nuclear agreement with Iran depend on a potentially dysfunctional new Congress.

ElizabethWarren's Opinion
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08/20/2015
“Senator Warren believes we must exhaust every effort to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue through diplomacy, and she does not support imposing additional sanctions through new legislation while diplomatic efforts to achieve a long-term agreement are ongoing.” [washingtonpost.com]
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BarackObama's Opinion
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08/20/2015
"Building a nuclear bomb requires either uranium or plutonium. But thanks to this deal, Iran’s four possible ways to leverage those fissile materials are blocked." [whitehouse.gov]
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A.'s Opinion
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05/18/2015
Congress is using a diplomatic issue to win popular support while endangering the entire free world. Congress has shown themselves to be nearly incapable of negotiating anything. It would be best to keep themselves and their politicking out of this issue.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The house has not voted
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
    IntroducedMarch 19th, 2015

What is Senate Bill S. 825?

This bill would eliminate the ability to waive sanctions on Iran through an executive order. It would also organize sanctions that had been imposed by executive order into law. 

If passed, this bill would remove the power of the executive branch (namely the President) to eliminate sanctions on Iran related to:

  • The transportation of crude oil from Iran
  • The sale, supply, or transfer of certain materials to or from Iran.
  • Financial institutions that work with Iran, Iran’s financial sector, and people that support or conduct transactions with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps or other people targeted by sanctions.

The President would be directed to put a stop to any accounts maintained in the U.S. that are used for the purchase, sale, or transportation of Iranian petroleum and petroleum products. The importation of refined petroleum products made using Iranian crude oil into the U.S. would be 100 percent prohibited — even if the crude oil was co-mingled with non-Iranian oil.

The bill also requires the imposition of sanctions on violators of this provisions and blocks transactions involving the purchase of U.S. currency or precious metals by the government of Iran. More sanctions would be directed on:

  • People who knowingly engaged in significant financial transactions with Iran's automotive sector, and the related accounts.

  • Any foreign financial institution that has knowingly facilitated a significant financial transaction on behalf of a blocked person or specially designated Iranian national.

Impact

People and businesses that do business with Iran (especially around oil and cars); federal contractors in the automotive industry that have a presence in other countries; the Treasury Department; the President.

Cost of Senate Bill S. 825

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In Depth: Sponsoring Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) explained in a press release that current attempts at diplomacy are failing to end Iran's attempt to acquire nuclear weapons, making sanctions necessary:

"The recent extension of negotiations over Iran's nuclear program and further relaxation of economic sanctions is confirmation that the Obama Administration's policy of tempting Tehran to curb its nuclear ambitions through preemptive concessions is indeed a historic mistake. The Iranians still have not taken any serious steps to rein in their nuclear program. The 19,000 centrifuges are still spinning. Not one pound of enriched uranium has left Iran. Research and development of ICBMs continues unchecked.  And, Iran continues to operate the world's most extensive and sophisticated state-sponsored terrorist network."

However, some have argued that the Iran Nuclear Deal has been a success. President Obama, who helped create the deal, argued in a speech that the agreement is the best option:

"The agreement now reached between the international community and the Islamic Republic of Iran builds on this tradition of strong, principled diplomacy.  After two years of negotiations, we have achieved a detailed arrangement that permanently prohibits Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.  It cuts off all of Iran’s pathways to a bomb. It contains the most comprehensive inspection and verification regime ever negotiated to monitor a nuclear program."

Of Note: Since the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which led to the detention of American hostages for 444 days, the U.S. has had some form of sanctions in place on the Iranian government. The sanctions that S. 2672 reference were born out of Iran’s nuclear program, and how it doesn't comply with UN requirements. Iran has the most developed ballistic missile program in the Middle East, which makes the possibility of their developing a nuclear weapon very real.

Iran and the U.S. have been engaged in negotiations about making the nuclear program more transparent in order to demonstrate that the program is for civilian purposes only. This bill was introduced in the summer of 2014 with a deadline fast approaching that would trigger a re-introduction of sanctions. Lawmakers have concerns that President Obama will agree to a deal without Congress' approval.

The Senate passed legislation sanctioning Iran by a vote of 99-0, and the House voted 400-24 in favor as well. 94 percent of the American public views the potential development of nuclear weapons by Iran as a “critical” or “important” concern. The White House, however, believes that further sanctions on Iran would be counterproductive and that Iran should be given more time to comply with the international community’s demands.


Media:

(Photo Credit: Flickr user osipovva)

AKA

Sanction Iran, Safeguard America Act of 2015

Official Title

A bill to terminate the authority to waive certain provisions of law requiring the imposition of sanctions with respect to Iran, to codify certain sanctions imposed by Executive order, and for other purposes.

    "I would have doubled and tripled up the sanctions." [cnn.com]
    Like (72)
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    “Senator Warren believes we must exhaust every effort to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue through diplomacy, and she does not support imposing additional sanctions through new legislation while diplomatic efforts to achieve a long-term agreement are ongoing.” [washingtonpost.com]
    Like (24)
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    “If Iran does not live up to the agreement, sanctions may be reapplied,” Sanders said. “If Iran moves toward a nuclear weapon, all available options remain on the table. I think it is incumbent upon us, however, to give the negotiated agreement a chance to succeed.”
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    "Building a nuclear bomb requires either uranium or plutonium. But thanks to this deal, Iran’s four possible ways to leverage those fissile materials are blocked." [whitehouse.gov]
    Like (19)
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    Congress is using a diplomatic issue to win popular support while endangering the entire free world. Congress has shown themselves to be nearly incapable of negotiating anything. It would be best to keep themselves and their politicking out of this issue.
    Like (17)
    Follow
    Share
    “I will terminate that deal...I will put in place crippling economic sanctions on Iran, and I will convince our allies to do the same.” Read more at http://www.nytimes.com/politics/first-draft/2015/07/14/scott-walker-says-he-would-kill-iran-deal-and-seek-crippling-sanctions/
    Like (11)
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    Interesting - legislation to overrule treaty provisions that should have gone through congress in the first place but instead came through an executive order. Both sides have valid arguments and the tactic is a reasonable one to force debate. That said I'm against it largely because of the precedent it sets - the executive order is a valuable tool used by every president and the likelihood of this bill passing is extremely low.
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    Iran has been given more than enough time to comply with UN inspectors in opening their facilities for inspection. They have openly stated that the primary goal of their nuclear program is to supply terrorist groups with such weapons and vows to destroy both the U.S and our only ally In the Middle East, Israel. Congressional leaders need to stand firm on this issue and continue to stand with Israel.
    Like (9)
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    The President needs to be able to negotiate in good faith without Congress undermining him. We do NOT need another war!
    Like (6)
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    “should pass bills to reinstate sanctions in advance if negotiations fail and require approval if an agreement is reached.” Read more at http://thinkprogress.org/world/2015/02/18/3624417/oops-trying-attack-obama-jeb-bush-also-criticizes-brother/
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    "We will not let Iran acquire a nuclear weapon, period." [theweek.com]
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    Sanctions were set by the legislative branch and were signed by POTUS. If POTUS has negotiated with Iran which is part of his duty as an executive it goes without saying constitutionally Senate has to approve this treaty as well as repeal any sanctions already set in law
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    The real reason for a law it seems to us is to bypass the president. Negotiations required the ability to achieve the best outcome not a self imposed straight jacket. Don't you have more important things to do in education, jobs and infrastructure to make us a world leader again instead of hiding behind our military power.
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    Maryland had “passed some of the earliest and strongest sanctions against Iranian nuclear development of any state in the nation,” [jpupdates.com]
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    This action is by definition a treaty and the President needs the ability to negotiate without having Congress second guessing his authority.
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    No deals, no time, no way. Under it current, extremist regime, Iran is a snake in the grass and will always be one. Obama is just playing with dynamite to impress the world. He should be locked away somewhere before he hurts more people than he already has.
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    Why not TRY something else? What we've done in the past has FAILED MISERABLY. The peace plan has the support of almost all the UN, Britain, Germany, France, China, & Russia. As the former senior military intelligence analyst for the army, there IS NO RISK. IRAN IS SURROUNDED by dozens of US bases. Israel has dozens and dozens of (illegally obtained )nukes. We have nukes. There is zero threat and if it doesnt work, in a few months we break it off. People against this have ZERO experience in the region. Plus SHOW SOME RESPECT FOR THE PRESIDENT. NOBODY SECOND GUESSED THE SHITBAG REAGAN WHEN HE NEGOTIATED WITH the USSR. OR when he SOLD MISSILES to Iran. Or when he FUNDED Osama bin Laden &Saddam Hussein.
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    Let the president continue negotiations, if the negotiations fail, raise sanctions higher / strategic strike nuclear sites.
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    Diplomacy, we are a democracy not a dictatorship
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    On this matter I feel the president does not have this nation's best interest at hand. These people of Artie said as soon as they get the bomb they will use it on Israel and then us
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