Motor carriers would be allowed to use hair testing as an acceptable alternative to urinalysis for detecting use of controlled substances by individuals, but only for pre-employment and random testing. Under current law, urinalysis is the only testing method available to be used in the commercial trucking industry.
The Secretary of Transportation would be required to develop requirements for laboratories and testing procedures for controlled substances, including mandatory guidelines that establish laboratory protocols and cut-off levels for hair testing to detect the use of such substances.
If a motor carrier shows that it can carry out a hair testing program that is consistent with generally accepted industry standards, it would be allowed to apply to the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration for exemption from mandatory urinalysis testing. The Administrator would need to determine if the applicant’s program is similar to those used by motor carriers who have had similar programs for at least one year.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services would be directed to issue scientific and technical guidelines for hair testing as a method for detecting the use of controlled substances.