This bill — the JUST Act — would direct the State Department to report on certain countries’ compliance with the 2009 Terezin Declaration which called for the return of, or restitution for, wrongfully confiscated or transferred Holocaust era assets. The declaration was endorsed by 47 countries but some, including some NATO members, haven’t fully addressed the restitution of Jewish communal, private, and heirless property.
Specifically, the report would assess the nature and extent of national laws or enforceable policies regarding compliance with the Terezin Declaration for countries considered by the Special Envoy for Holocaust Issues to be of “particular concern” regarding such restitution, including:
The return to the rightful owner of wrongfully seized or transferred property, including religious or communal property, or the provision of comparable substitute property or the payment of equitable compensation to the rightful owner;
The use of the Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art and the Terezin Declaration in settling claims involving publicly and privately held moveable property;
The resolution of heirless property to assist needy Holocaust survivors;
Progress on the resolution of claims for U.S. citizen Holocaust survivors and family members.
The bill’s full title is the Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act of 2017.