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senate Bill S. 2671

Should the Feds Fund Evidence-Based Gun Violence Intervention and Prevention Programs?

Argument in favor

Everyday gun violence in the U.S., particularly urban communities, harms thousands of Americans — particularly minority and low-income individuals. While the gun violence debate has focused on mass shootings, this daily violence kills far more Americans each year. Evidence-based gun violence interventions and prevention programs designed to interrupt cycles of violence have been found effective in preventing this everyday violence, and should be supported by the federal government.

Rebekah 's Opinion
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11/05/2019
Scientific research is vitally necessary for a country with a mass shooting nearly every week. Stop letting gun manufacturers put profits ahead of lives!
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jimK's Opinion
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11/05/2019
I think it is a good plan to help identify causes and solutions to gun violence in communities effected by gun violence, especially violence by disenfranchised youth. Measuring the longer-term impact of counseling programs and community outreach efforts could layout a valuable template for other disenfranchised communities. I think it is a positive step forward in researching causes, effects and potential solutions to protect our citizens- and a reasonable investment for the future.
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William's Opinion
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11/05/2019
Apply science to the gun issue. I say this as an owner of more than one gun.
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Argument opposed

Gun violence; communities impacted by gun violence; gun violence prevention; evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs; and federal funding to support evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs.

JTJ's Opinion
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11/05/2019
Gun violence is not an escalating epidemic. Democrat run cities with the most restrictive gun laws have the most gun violence. Don’t believe the gun grabber lies. Guns save lives.
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Joseph 's Opinion
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11/05/2019
Make people accountable for their actions! Stop wasting my money!
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Matthew's Opinion
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11/05/2019
There is no constitutional authority to spend money in this. This is a state and local issue. Read your constitution and understand the limited powers doctrine. Elected politicians in DC do not have any special knowledge on how to run our lives anymore than we do.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The house has not voted
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
    IntroducedOctober 23rd, 2019

What is Senate Bill S. 2671?

This bill — the Break the Cycle of Violence Act — would provide $90 million in federal grants to 10 communities for evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs designed to interrupt cycles of violence. Of the total, $65 million would be reserved for programs run by local governments or public-service groups that operate in those communities. The remaining $25 million would be designated for hospital-based intervention programs.

Communities that experience 20 or more homicides per year and have a homicide rate at least twice the national average, or communities that demonstrate a unique and compelling need for additional resources to address gun- and group-related violence, would be eligible for these grants. Each grant would be renewable over five years, and funds given would be commensurate with the scope of the proposal and the demonstrated need. 

Grants would be used to implement the following violence reduction initiatives:

  • Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIP) — These provide intensive counseling, peer support, case management, and social services to patients recovering from gunshot wounds and other violent injuries. 
  • Evidence-based street outreach programs — These initiatives treat gun violence as a communicable disease and work to interrupt its transmission among community members. They use street outreach workers to build relationships with high-risk individuals in communities and connect them with intensive counseling, mediation, peer support, and social services in order to reduce their risk of violence.
  • Group violence intervention strategies — These are a form of problem-oriented policing that provide targeted social services and support to individuals at the highest risk for involvement in community violence along with a process for community members to voice a clear demand for the violence to stop.

Impact

Gun violence; communities impacted by gun violence; gun violence prevention; evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs; and federal funding to support evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs.

Cost of Senate Bill S. 2671

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthSponsoring Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ) introduced this bill to provide federal grants to give communities the funds for evidence-based gun violence intervention and prevention programs

“Often when we talk about gun violence, the discussion focuses on deadly mass shootings, but in my neighborhood in Newark and urban cities across the country people are experiencing this on a daily basis. The epidemic of everyday gun violence that is ravaging our urban communities has been overlooked for too long, even as many neighborhoods have gun injury rates similar to warzones. It’s going to take bold, innovative, and smart ideas to  tackle this challenge and keep our cities safe. This means investing federal resources in community-based violence intervention and prevention programs, which have been proven to reduce gun violence. It’s time we take action, confront this crisis, and implement solutions that work. It’s in the interest of our economy to tackle the issue of gun violence head-on and end the carnage plaguing so many cities. Americans should not be left footing the bill because Congress lacks the courage and resolve to implement strategies that will save lives and keep our streets safe.”

Sen. Booker says urban gun violence is particularly important to him because of where he lives in Newark, New Jersey: 

"I'm living with a sense of urgency on this problem because [I] go home to my community, like millions of Americans who live in communities where these weapons, where these gunshots are real every single day. There are millions of Americans where this is a daily nightmare, where we're surrendering our freedoms to fear in this country."

Original cosponsor Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL) adds

“In Chicago and communities across the country, people are experiencing gun violence on a daily basis.  Just last weekend, forty people in Chicago were shot, five fatally. But legislation like the Break the Cycle of Violence Act could help change this reality.  It would provide crucial investments and federal resources for community-based violence intervention and prevention programs, which have been proven to reduce gun violence.  It is time for my Republican colleagues to join us in working to end the gun violence epidemic.”

Former Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords, co-founder of Giffords and a survivor of gun violence herself, adds: 

“Solving our country’s gun violence epidemic cannot happen until we address the violence that rarely makes the headlines. It’s past time we gave leaders in the neighborhoods most impacted, who can help those most at-risk, the resources and support they need to stop violence in their communities. We know the programs funded in this bill are proven to work. Now Senator Booker and Representative Horsford are leading a charge to make sure we bring them to every city struggling with this problem. We’re grateful for their work to ensure we put federal dollars behind community-based efforts that are proven to reduce gun violence and save lives.”

Writing for Bearing Arms, Tom Knighton expressed appreciation for this bill’s focus on violence prevention rather than gun control: 

“The issue when it comes to violence isn’t guns and it never has been guns. Once upon a time, a teenager could have a machine gun delivered to your front porch with nothing more than a check or money order in the right amount. We didn’t have some of this kind of violence in those days despite the easy access to guns. No, the issue is something else within our culture has shifted. A lot of it can be tied to the rise of the gangs. Plans like this can, at least in theory, provide a warning that they’re being watched and offer them a way out. Of course, those threats need to be followed through on, but providing an escape hatch is something some of these people may be looking for. I hate to say it, but I’m intrigued by Booker’s plan. I’m not crazy about tax dollars going for things like this, but I’d much rather see it go for things like this than Beto O’Rourke-style gun confiscation schemes.”

This legislation has eight Democratic Senate cosponsors. Its House companion is sponsored by Rep. Steven Horsford (D-NV) and has two Democratic House cosponsors. Neither bill has received a committee vote as a November 2, 2019.

Giffords, LIVE FREE Project of Faith in Action, Brady, and Team ENOUGH support this legislation.  


Of NoteAccording to Sen. Booker’s office, research shows that a combination of community-oriented intervention programs and commonsense gun control policies could cut gun violence rates in urban cities in half in as little as two years. While the U.S. as a country already has a higher-than-average homicide rate, U.S. urban centers experience homicide rates that are nearly 10 times the national average — and this disproportionately affects young people of color, particularly black men (who, despite being only about 6% of the U.S. population, account for about 51% of homicide victims). In a 2015 Guardian investigation, Aliza Aufrichtig, Lois Beckett, Jan Diehm and Jamiles Lartey found that of the over 13,000 gun homicides in the U.S. in 2015, half were clustered in only 127 cities and towns even though those geographies contained less than a quarter of the US. population.

High gun violence rates affect certain minority communities more than others. For example, in New Jersey, black men ages 18-24% are 90 times more likely than their white male peers to be victims of a gun homicide. From 2012-2017, African-American children and teens were 14 times more likely than their white peers to be shot to death. And, over the same time period, Hispanic and Native American children and teens were three times more likely to be shot to death as compared to their white peers. 

In total, more than 117,000 people are shot in the U.S. on an annual basis. This costs Americans $229 billion a year (over $700 per person per year). Gun violence reduces the quality of life for all Americans by engendering concerns about safety, raising taxes, and limiting choices about where to live, work, travel, and attend school. Public policy scholars Philip Cook and Jens Ludwig conclude, “Whether we recognize it or not, gun violence is a problem for all communities—one we must work together to solve.”

Part of the cost of gun violence is related to medical and criminal costs after a shooting. A single gun homicide costs taxpayers $448,000 in medical and criminal justice expenses. In total, gun violence costs taxpayers over $1.8 billion a year, including at least $149.9 million in healthcare costs and criminal justice expenses.

Sen. Booker’s office cites several studies that show violence prevention and intervention programs work. In Richmond, California, a multimillion-dollar investment in violence reduction programs reduced gun homicides by 70% over the period 2007-2016. In Massachusetts, gun homicide rates fell by 35% from 2010-2015 after the state implemented public health approaches through its Safe and Successful Youth initiative. Over the same period, national gun homicide rates rose by 14%. Finally, a citywide violence reduction plan in Oakland, California has led to a 50% fall in gun homicides and nonfatal shootings since 2012.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / South_agency)

AKA

Break the Cycle of Violence Act

Official Title

A bill to build safer, thriving communities, and save lives by investing in effective violence reduction initiatives.

    Scientific research is vitally necessary for a country with a mass shooting nearly every week. Stop letting gun manufacturers put profits ahead of lives!
    Like (81)
    Follow
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    Gun violence is not an escalating epidemic. Democrat run cities with the most restrictive gun laws have the most gun violence. Don’t believe the gun grabber lies. Guns save lives.
    Like (44)
    Follow
    Share
    I think it is a good plan to help identify causes and solutions to gun violence in communities effected by gun violence, especially violence by disenfranchised youth. Measuring the longer-term impact of counseling programs and community outreach efforts could layout a valuable template for other disenfranchised communities. I think it is a positive step forward in researching causes, effects and potential solutions to protect our citizens- and a reasonable investment for the future.
    Like (45)
    Follow
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    Apply science to the gun issue. I say this as an owner of more than one gun.
    Like (38)
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    Yes and the NRA and gun manufacturers should fund the 90 million. This administration will not participate in this simply because they have no concern for the well-being of the citizens of this country. Their only concern are those with the deepest pockets to make those campaign donations that they thrive for.
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    Make people accountable for their actions! Stop wasting my money!
    Like (24)
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    YEEEEEESSSSSS!!!!!!!
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    They should have the CDC involved in the study, which the NRA has been against that and any study!
    Like (17)
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    There is no constitutional authority to spend money in this. This is a state and local issue. Read your constitution and understand the limited powers doctrine. Elected politicians in DC do not have any special knowledge on how to run our lives anymore than we do.
    Like (17)
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    Yes. And make the NRA, gun manufacturers, and ammunition makers pay for it.
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    Everything we can do to stop the gun violence
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    I don’t trust Senator Brooker’s “evidence based” sources. He has know biases and demonstrated that is uneducated when it comes to firearms policies. No thanks.
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    Because I have to live with this knowledge every day: White House official who heard trumps call with Ukraine president was told to keep quite. White House lawyer moved transcript of trump call to classified server after Ukraine adviser raised alarms. He has politicized our national security and has chosen Putin and other dictators over our own congress and security agencies. “I stated to Amb. Sondland that his statements were inappropriate, that the request to investigate Biden and his son had nothing to do with national security, and that such investigations were not something the NSC was going to get involved in or push,” Vindman adds. Lt. Col. Alexander S. Vindman, a top Ukraine expert on the National Security Council is testifying that trump demanded that a foreign government investigate an American citizen in exchange for Congresses approved aide. Just reached a $984 billion deficit while he lines his pockets with our tax dollars and foreign money at his resorts. $400 million in aide money was withheld from Ukraine back in August and Ukrainian leaders were told it was not red tape, that they needed to talk to Chief of Staff Mulvaney to resolve it and make a CNN statement about Biden in order to receive said aide. Rudolph W. Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, is running a shadow foreign policy in Ukraine that circumvents U.S. officials and career diplomats in order to personally benefit President trump. Igor Fruman and Lev Parnas. Look them up. North Korea just tested a submarine launched missile. Deserted our Kurdish allies who have been fighting ISIS with us and now are being slaughtered. All because he has a tower in Istanbul. “The Americans betrayed us. We do not trust them anymore,” she added. These used to be our Kurdish allies that stood against ISIS. He is refusing to comply with the law. He is using the power of the presidency to withhold aide to one of the worst humanitarian crisis on the planet in exchange for political favors in order to sway the 20/20 election. He is acting like a criminal and threatening the life of the whistleblower. Mr. America first is sending troops to Saudi Arabia in support of a murdering dictator who spends millions at his hotels and resorts. Corey Lewandowski testified to congress that trump ordered him to obstruct justice. He is blocking information that pertains to the safety of our country from reaching congress. He has been threatening NOAA, a federal agency, with punishment if they do not disavow the truth and side with his lies. He invited the Taliban to Camp David the week of 9/11. He is a #PussyAssBitch He’s doctoring weather maps to try and prove he’s not an idiot. He has stayed at trump properties 293 days in 3 years, that’s our tax dollars going directly into his pocket. He took money from military daycares to pay for a wall that won’t work and no one wants. The Vice President and the Attorney General are both spending tax payer dollars on trump hotels, lining his pockets and currying his favor. He has privately instructed aides to skirt laws and regulations to get the wall built faster — and told them he will pardon them if necessary. He is pressuring a government agency to give a contract for his wall to a company whose chief executive is a donor to one of his top GOP allies in Congress. He took hundreds of millions from 127 different projects (FEMA being one of those) for his wall. He thinks nuking a hurricane is an idea. He is host the next G-7 at one of his own resorts. Again our tax dollars paying him directly. He taunted Iran by tweeting a classified image of an Iranian rocket that had exploded, thereby potentially compromising U.S. intelligence capabilities. His own company would save millions from the low interest rates he is demanding. He was going to give you tax cuts through your paychecks but decided not to. This year the richest of us payed less in taxes than the rest of us. He is destroying the economy with HIS trade war. We will soon average a 1.2 trillion deficit. He is repeating NRA talking points on background checks so expect no action taken regardless of the fact there has been 27 arrested over threats to commit mass attacks since El Paso( NOT TOLEDO). He made fun of republicans being afraid of the NRA and then caved after a 30 minute phone conversation with them. He bragged about indefinite child detention because it brings families together. He is refusing flue shots, that protect us all(google influenza pandemic), to immigrant children. He is attacking fellow congresswomen in really disgusting ways and making anti-Semitic remarks about Jews calling them disloyal. He thinks he’s the chosen one based on a conspiracy theory web sight. He has: Obstructed Justice. Is profiting from the Presidency. Colluded - They had a meeting & lied about it. Advocated political & police violence. Abuse of power. Engaging in reckless behavior. Persecuting political opponents. Attacking the free press. Violating immigrants Right to Due Process. Violating campaign finance laws. Racist: Speaks directly to and often tweeting straight from white supremacists. Calls them very fine people. Told fellow congresswomen to go back where they came from. Called them shit hole countries. Called them murderers and rapists. Calls her Pocahontas. Took out full page adds calling for the death of five innocent black kids in New York, 1989. Literally has said in an interview he has Hitlers speeches, My New Order in his nightstand. Our Money: Spent campaign finance money on hush payments to silence a porn star he had an affair with in order to hide it from the voters. Has spent over $100 million of our tax dollars playing golf at his own golf courses. Has never divested from companies and advertises and profits off the White House. Was going to cut Medicaid and Medicare funding to pay for the tax cuts he gave to the rich. Is actively destroying farmers lives with his trade wars that we all know only hurts our pockets not Chinas. Has made the lives of every truck driver across America as well as our own, more dangerous by removing safety regulations that only benefits the pockets of the CEOs of those companies. Has removed any and all protections we had in place from work safety, environment, women’s rights, LGBTQ rights and gives that power back to the CEOs, oil companies, men and old white men. Saudi funded lobbyist rented 500 rooms at a trump hotel he never divested from right after he became president. Wonder why? Sexual Predator: Accused by more than 20 women of molestation and rape. Bragged about said molestation on tape. Has cheated on all three wives (see above). Has made sexual remarks on camera about his daughter. Belittles and bully’s women. Not even sure he’s aware he has two daughters. Idiot: Has allowed North Korea to grow there nuclear weapons program. Took the side of Putin over America’s own security agencies on the national stage. Lacks the intelligence and facts needed to communicate on a global level much less national one. Makes policy decisions based on FOX media. Lies when speaks. Doesn’t believe in science and quite often displays his ignorance of it. Russia: Lied about meetings with Russians. Lied about a trump tower Moscow. Personal attorney Michael Cohen (same guy who broke campaign finance laws under trumps direction) had contacts with russian officials. National Security aide Flynn resigned over Russian contacts. Jeff Sessions recused himself because of Russian contacts. Manafort resigned because of Russian contacts. Campaign foreign policy adviser Papadopoulos met with Russians then bragged about it to Australians who then turned that info over to our FBI. Sixteen campaign officials had contacts with Russia and at least nine others new about it. Russian mobster lived in trump tower. trump casino was flagged 106 times for lax money laundering standards and same Russian frequently stayed at trump casino. Has been selling real estate to Russians for years. It really is surprising how many connections to Russians this man has. Rick Scott, Marco Rubio, Bill Posey You are my representatives. OLC policy: The indictment or criminal prosecution of a crime sitting President would unconstitutionally undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions. It’s time to do your job. You swore an oath to this country, it’s people and me to uphold the constitution. The president has never upheld that oath. How do you want to be remembered?
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    We must find a way to reduce gun crimes in our country. Law abiding citizens must stop believing our government wants all our guns. Gun ownership is legal if you pass the background check. So stop the false propaganda of taking everybody’s guns. What we need is restrictions on military & law enforcement weapons - weapons that fire 30 or more bullets. No homeowner or hunter needs that many rounds. Even 20 is a high number. Politicians like to play the blame game but never do anything to help the situation. Let’s see bipartisanship to solve the country’s problems instead of party politics as usual. Do your jobs. End the party blockades.
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    Any program to help end this crisis should be approved.
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    The only reason a disagree with this is because it allows for targeted policing. I can see that going downhill quickly.
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    Gun violence is a huge problem in America and seems to be becoming more and more troubling every day. The government refusing to do anything about it is disappointing and shows people in low income families and areas that our leaders really are not looking out for them. It’s time to stop thinking about ourselves and think about the people who are truly affected by gun violence.
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    and BAN assault rifles, require background checks AND training and licensing AND insurance of all gun owners
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    Duh?? Of course!!!
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    Do something. Is now the right time to talk about it?
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