- Not enactedThe President has not signed this bill
- The house has not voted
- The senate has not voted
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and PensionsIntroducedSeptember 26th, 2019
- senate Committees
What is Senate Bill S. 2586?
Cost of Senate Bill S. 2586
In-Depth: Sponsoring Sen. Martha McSally (R-AZ) introduced this bill to reduce the maternal death rate and improve the quality of care for moms both during pregnancy and after childbirth:
“Roughly 700 American women die each year from pregnancy-related complications.This is unacceptable — especially when the vast majority of these deaths are preventable. My bill refocuses resources to provide better maternal health care after childbirth and ensures care is delivered equally, regardless of race. There is no reason why the United States should not be the leader in maternal health care.”
Original cosponsor Sen. Doug Jones (D-AL) adds:
“It is absolutely appalling that here in the United States we have one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world. We can and must do better, and this bill is an important first step in addressing the maternal mortality crisis and preventing future tragedies. All women in this country, regardless of race or socioeconomic background, deserve quality access to maternal care.”
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports this bill. Its president, Ted Anderson M.D., Ph.D., says:
“As leaders in women’s health care, ACOG is committed to eliminating preventable maternal deaths. The MOM Act is a critical next step in building upon the achievements of the 115th Congress to reduce maternal mortality and improve health outcomes for women in the United States. ACOG fully supports grants for improving innovation in maternal health, training health care providers to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities, and delivering evidence-based approaches to improving maternal health outcomes. We thank Senators McSally and Jones for introducing this important bill and look forward to working with them to pass this legislation as part of a comprehensive package that also ensures Medicaid coverage for women during the postpartum period, during which one third of preventable maternal deaths occur, and improves access to quality maternity care for all women, including women in rural America.”
This legislation has one cosponsor, Sen. Doug Jones (D-AL).
Many members of the healthcare community have expressed support for this legislation. They include the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, March of Dimes, Preeclampsia Foundation, the Association of Maternal & Child Health Programs, and the Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine.
Of Note: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that about 700 women die due to pregnancy or delivery complications each year. In most cases, these deaths are preventable, and are due to poverty, untreated medical conditions, and lack of access to medical care. Similarly, a March 13, 2019, article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reported that about 800 women die during childbirth in the U.S. each year, and 70% of those deaths are preventable and caused by hemorrhaging.
While maternal mortality is significantly more common among African-Americans, low-income women, and rural residents — pregnancy and childbirth complications kill women of every race and ethnicity, education and income level, in every part of the U.S.
In 2018, The Washington Post reported that the U.S. maternal mortality rate has risen over the past several decades. By contrast, maternal mortality rates in most of the rest of the world fell over the same period (globally, the decline was about a 44% decline in maternal mortality rates worldwide from 1990 to 2015). In 2015, the U.S. maternal mortality rate of 26.4 per 100,000 births was on par with those of Afghanistan, Lesotho, and Swaziland. By contrast, the maternal mortality rates in Sweden, the U.K., and Canada were 4.4, 9.2, and 7.3 in the same year.
Centralized government efforts to address maternal mortality have been successful in other countries. According to a joint NPR/ProPublica investigation, the U.K.’s centralization of efforts to investigate maternal deaths is largely responsible for a significant reduction in preeclampsia in Britain.
- Sponsoring Sen. Martha McSally (R-AZ) Press Release
- Original Cosponsor Sen. Doug Jones (D-AL) Press Release
- The Ripon Advance
- Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) (Context)
- The Washington Post (Context)
- NPR (Context)
Summary by Lorelei Yang(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / Srisakorn)