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house Bill H. Res. 326

Should the House Endorse the Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?

Argument in favor

The two-state solution is the best way to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Given Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s recent commitments to annexation of occupied parts of the West Bank and the Trump administration’s refusal to condemn his comments, the House needs to take a strong position in favor of a two-state solution.

KansasTamale's Opinion
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Yesterday at 12:22 AM
Yes, with reservations!! The two-state solution is the best way to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. If you look back on the area maps before WWII, you’ll see the whole area belonged to Palestine. The Israel part was taken FROM the Palestinians and Israel was created. It seems they should be grateful for having a homeland, BUT with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s recent commitments to annexation of occupied parts of the West Bank and the Trump administration’s refusal to condemn his comments, the House needs to take a strong position in favor of a two-state solution. The other problem is there is not enough teeth in the bill to make each group continue to hold up their end of the agreement. There needs to much more oversight.
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jimK's Opinion
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Yesterday at 1:54 AM
I prefer congressional resolutions to sanctions. It is a way to signal our country’s endorsement of a two state solution to the ongoing Israeli Palestinian conflict - as well as our resolve to consider the impact of reaching this peaceful resolution, of all pertinent related legislative actions. It gives our diplomats a US position to work with and a focus for diplomatic efforts. In general, I prefer this way to assure that our government’s position is understood so diplomatic solutions are possible and other issues are better understood before we choose to resort to sanctions or other overt means of meddling with other country’s business. Of course, we will need to eliminate spontaneous world consequential decisions and governance by rage induced 2:00 AM tweets.
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Ed's Opinion
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07/22/2019
Look at a pre 1948 map. It was called Palestine. Shouldn't they get at least some of their country back?
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Argument opposed

This toothless resolution has no enforcement power to keep Israel from aggressively annexing disputed territories. The House shouldn’t waste its valuable floor time on an unenforceable resolution.

JTJ's Opinion
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Yesterday at 1:35 AM
It will never work. Palestinians show over and over again that they are hell bent on destroying Israel.
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Forestdog's Opinion
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07/22/2019
The "Palestinians" are never satisfied with ANY Israeli concessions. They take the resources the Israelis give them and use them to make more war, figuratively biting the hand that feeds them. Israel shows too much patience in my view!
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James's Opinion
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Yesterday at 12:40 AM
There will never be a two state solution as Palestinians are Squatters On Israeli Land! They are not from that area originally but from the Sainai! Get your facts straight! Get your history straight! That is all the original land of Israel! That from a Christian!
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simple resolution Progress


  • The house Passed December 6th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 226 Yea / 188 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Middle East, North Africa, and International Terrorism
    IntroducedApril 25th, 2019

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What is House Bill H. Res. 326?

This resolution expresses the sense of the House of Representatives that only a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict can ensure Israel's survival as a secure Jewish and democratic state and fulfill the legitimate aspirations for a Palestinian state. It would also express that any U.S. proposals that fail to expressly endorse a two-state solution will likely put a peaceful end to the conflict further out of reach. It also warns against possible efforts by the Trump administration to endorse or encourage unilateral Israeli annexations in the West Bank.

As a simple resolution, this legislation is non-binding and wouldn’t advance beyond the House if passed.

Impact

House; Israeli; Palestine; Israeli-Palestinian conflict; two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; and U.S. proposals to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Cost of House Bill H. Res. 326

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Alan Lowenthal (D-CA) introduced this resolution to express the House’s sense that any U.S. plan or proposal for peace in the Middle East must include and center on a two-state solution.

J Street supports this resolution and has lobbied members of Congress in its favor. Its president, Jeremy Ben-Ami, says

“This resolution sends a clear message that members of Congress do not accept the Netanyahu government’s continued drift toward annexation and permanent occupation in the West Bank. Coming just weeks before the Trump administration is expected to release a ‘proposal’ likely to empower the Israeli settlement movement and abandon the two-state solution, this is a vital rejection of the approach taken by Jared Kushner and Ambassador David Friedman.”

Logan Bayroff, J Street’s director of communications, adds that “Congress has a huge role here to make clear that whatever the actions and preferences of this particular administration, the long-term interests of the United States and of Israel remain bringing a peaceful and viable end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The only way that’s ever going to happen is through a two-state solution.” 

President Trump’s Middle East peace team, led by Jared Kushner and Jason Greenblatt, has refrained from endorsing a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In June 2019, U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman told the New York Times that Israel “has the right” to annex parts of the West Bank. Friedman’s comments raised concerns that the administration is giving a green-light to Netanyhau to take unilateral measures to decide Israel’s borders.

This resolution has 151 Democratic cosponsors. It also has the support of Ameinu, Americans for Peace Now, Hashomer Hatzair, Jewish Labor Committee, J Street, National Council of Jewish Women, New Israel Fund, Partners for Progressive Israel, Reconstructing Judaism, and T’ruah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights. 

In an interview with Jewish Insider, Rep. Lowenthal said he believes party politics are behind this resolution’s lack of Republican cosponsors:

“This is not something that would be opposed by many, many Republican members and it would be supported by many. But the administration is not sending signals in any way, the administration has not embraced…will not talk now, about a two-state solution and so I think it leaves Republican members in a difficult position.”

However, Senate Republicans have taken a public stance in favor of the two-state solution. Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) is working on a bipartisan resolution affirming support for the two-state solution with Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD). In an interview with McClatchy D.C., Sen. Graham said, “I just can’t envision how you can solve this with a one-state solution.” He added

“I don’t want to get in the way of Jared [Kushner], but I can’t envision a one-state solution. It won’t work. I mean, you’d have to disenfranchise the Palestinians, that won’t work. If you let them vote, as one state, they’ll overwhelm the Israelis. That won’t work. So if you want to have a Democratic, secure Jewish state, I think you have to have two states to make that work.”


Of NoteDays before Israel’s April 9, 2019 elections, Prime Minister Netanyahu pledged to commence unilateral annexation of portions of the occupied West Bank if re-elected. In an interview, he said, “I will impose sovereignty, but I will not distinguish between settlement blocs and isolated settlements. From my perspective, any point of settlement is Israeli, and we have responsibility as the Israeli government. I will not uproot anyone, and I will not transfer sovereignty to the Palestinians.”

According to J Street’s Ben-Ami, the Trump administration has refused to rebuke Netanyahu’s pledge and has repeatedly indicated its disinterest in seriously pursuing a peace agreement that reflects both Israelis’ and Palestnians’ interests and needs:

“With the support of President Trump, Prime Minister Netanyahu is leading his country down a dangerous path to permanent occupation and endless conflict — and imperiling the shared interests and values at the heart of the US-Israel relationship. At a moment like this, lawmakers who care about the future of Israelis and Palestinians need to speak out.”

Saeb Erekat, a veteran former Palestinian negotiator, says the international community, and especially the Trump administration, is responsible for Israel’s policies with regard with Palestine: 

“Israel will continue to brazenly violate international law for as long as the international community will continue to reward Israel with impunity, particularly with the Trump administration’s support and endorsement of Israel’s violation of the national and human rights of the people of Palestine.”


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / 200mm)

AKA

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United States efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a negotiated two-state solution.

Official Title

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United States efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a negotiated two-state solution.

    Yes, with reservations!! The two-state solution is the best way to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. If you look back on the area maps before WWII, you’ll see the whole area belonged to Palestine. The Israel part was taken FROM the Palestinians and Israel was created. It seems they should be grateful for having a homeland, BUT with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s recent commitments to annexation of occupied parts of the West Bank and the Trump administration’s refusal to condemn his comments, the House needs to take a strong position in favor of a two-state solution. The other problem is there is not enough teeth in the bill to make each group continue to hold up their end of the agreement. There needs to much more oversight.
    Like (58)
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    It will never work. Palestinians show over and over again that they are hell bent on destroying Israel.
    Like (28)
    Follow
    Share
    I prefer congressional resolutions to sanctions. It is a way to signal our country’s endorsement of a two state solution to the ongoing Israeli Palestinian conflict - as well as our resolve to consider the impact of reaching this peaceful resolution, of all pertinent related legislative actions. It gives our diplomats a US position to work with and a focus for diplomatic efforts. In general, I prefer this way to assure that our government’s position is understood so diplomatic solutions are possible and other issues are better understood before we choose to resort to sanctions or other overt means of meddling with other country’s business. Of course, we will need to eliminate spontaneous world consequential decisions and governance by rage induced 2:00 AM tweets.
    Like (53)
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    Look at a pre 1948 map. It was called Palestine. Shouldn't they get at least some of their country back?
    Like (52)
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    We also need to penalize Israel for building settlements on other peoples land. Either get civilian butts back behind the Green Line, or annex the entire West Bank out right and grant everyoner living there Israeli citizen ship.
    Like (29)
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    This should have been done ages ago. While I deeply understand the Israeli people, I also understand the Palestinians who have been forced to give up their homes and property! Isn't it only fair and just that they have their stats???
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    A first step in any attempt of a peaceful resolution is the acknowledgment of both parties. Both have a valid claim. Palestinians are second class citizens in Israel, so they need official recognition as equal members. A two state solution will in the long offer peace
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    The "Palestinians" are never satisfied with ANY Israeli concessions. They take the resources the Israelis give them and use them to make more war, figuratively biting the hand that feeds them. Israel shows too much patience in my view!
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    I don't know that the two-state solution is the only way to achieve peace in Palestine, but I haven't heard of anything better. The current approach to continually enflame Palestine while supporting the extreme right wing Netanyahu is not working and will not bring peace. We must support democracy and human rights for all countries, and that includes a Palestinian nation.
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    There are two peoples in the region who each should be allowed to exist and live the n peace and not always flaming the tension in the region.
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    Yes, this is the position that most of the world supports and that America supported until the idiot Trump became President. Clearly the corrupt Trump made a deal with the Corrupt Netanyahu. They both belong in prison.
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    There will never be a two state solution as Palestinians are Squatters On Israeli Land! They are not from that area originally but from the Sainai! Get your facts straight! Get your history straight! That is all the original land of Israel! That from a Christian!
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    Which one? The 1937 borders? 1946? 1967? 1974? As a American Jew my feelings about this are really complex. I genuinely believe the best and safest place for Jewish people to live in peace is HERE in America. It’s not perfect and discrimination still exists but it’s not a constant war zone. Frankly, the Diaspora is still a significantly bigger population than Israel. That should be a clue. And While I want Israel to exist, I don’t want it to mean destruction of the Palestinians. That’s a violation of the Covenant. The fully political construction of the State of Israel doesn’t fullfill the Covenant and no political construction ever will fulfill the sacred bargain. In Torah, the idea for a Land (Not State) of Israel is born in tandem with the idea for a People of Israel. God’s covenant with Abraham includes a promise that Abraham’s descendants will inherit the area from the river of Egypt to the Euphrates. The Modern State of Israel is a sliver of that area. Also, frankly, G-d’s promise was to not only about Isaac, but to all the children of Abraham. G-d saw Hagar’s suffering and promised that although her child was not the child promised to Abram, he would nevertheless make Ishmael’s descendants into a great nation also. All of Keturah’s sons are decent of Abraham and are ALSO included in the agreement. So to say to the younger religions “You can’t be here and have no rights here. This place is ours alone.” Is itself a selfish perversion of the agreement. But that is the argument that many are making. I also recognize that the Government of the State of Israel has made some truly awful choices... and so has Palestine. I also know that there are Arabs that don’t think ANY independent Jewish state should exist. There are Israelis that don’t think that any Palestinian State should exist. Both groups are WRONG. The promise of a “Great Nation” was made to both. The situation of modern Israel and Palestine is so complex and has so much bloodshed and just roiling ugliness that it makes our US political differences look like children’s quarrels. From the standpoint of Torah, G-d’s promise was made to all and traditionally G-d takes negative view of familial genocide. But I am a proponent of the “fabric of society” model of history and frankly, until both sides acknowledge that the other has a right to exist AND that Jerusalem is a holy city for EVERY Abrahamic religion and can’t “belong” to ANYONE alone, it isn’t going to resolve. Jerusalem IS the lead weight. So until that is taken off the table, the other issues can’t resolve.
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    The ignorance of the history and complexity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict voiced here is beyond appalling. James - The Israelites were not the original inhabitants of the land currently occupied by the nation of Israel. They took it from the Canaanites. And, since you wanted to get biblical about it, according to the Bible the Canaanites were descended from Canaan who was the grandson of Noah. The two-state solution is probably the only one that is viable. Currently the issues of water, history, security, and justice, and how they are not being handled due to imbalances of power and resource access complicate a situation forced on these people by the U.K. and the U.S.
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    I am urging your favorable vote on HRes 326 which supports a two state solution. While the resolution has no binding effect on the path forward, I feel that it strongly sets the table in making our feelings firmly known to both Israelis and Palestinians, that our resolve is not unlimited, and that continued West Bank annexations and settlement building to please a certain faction in Israel will only prolong the violence and human suffering that we have witnessed and unsuccessfully intervened in for decades. This is unacceptable. In short, I believe that we as a nation must place ourselves on record as being on the right side toward preventing rather than increasing conflict. Your favorable vote on HRes 326, supporting a two state solution, will ensure this. Thank-you.
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    Support of Israel should not mean turning our backs on the Palestinians, who are a nation and culture that deserves recognition, not extinction. Allowing the Palestinians to be put in more and more desperate circumstances, only ensures increased conflict and decreased safety for all. The US should be encouraging them to work together, putting pressure on both sides of this issue.
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    Why is an incompetent neophyte like Jared Kushner in charge of US Middle East policy?
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    Its a great solution . Is there any truth that Netanyahu being indicted for almost the same things as Trump . If it is true a vote would be premature wouldn't it ???
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    This is what most of our allies support. This is what we supported pre-tRump. Since his administration, Jared has been in charge of Middle East relations, with no experience & a dubious security clearance (gifted by his FIL). Kushner, tRump & Netanyahu are beyond corrupt & the Palestinians have suffered terribly because of their dealings.
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    The two-state solution hasn't worked so far, and it's not going to just start magically working now. No matter what, one or even both groups are going to think they're getting the short end of the stick. This conflict isn't going away any time soon. UPDATE @Ed, KansasTamale: if you look at the bible, much older than your pre-1948 maps, the area belonged to Israel. Prior to 1948 the Israelites just wanted to go home... But even this is a terrible argument that doesn't get us any closer to a real solution, because both sides "just want to go home," and that's why I didn't bring that up in my original post on this poll. I do my best to separate my spiritual beliefs from my political posts on this site... I have only quoted Jesus once to oppose what some bible thumpers were saying on an issue. Scratch that, twice... once was about churches paying taxes, to which I'm not necessarily for or against as long as it is fair for all religions, the original was about women being able to walk around topless... They claimed that this would increase immorality, but there's notion immoral about a human body. "A man is not defiled by what he puts into his body, but by what comes out of his heart." If a topless woman "makes you immoral," it is not her fault, the problem lies within yourself.
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