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house Bill H.R. 951

Job Training To Financially Empower Low-Income Women

Argument in favor

If the U.S. wants to close the gender-wage gap they need to empower women through training and resources to enter higher paying jobs that are traditionally filled by men.

Argument opposed

It should be the responsibility of employers — not the government — to finance job training. Women aren’t in traditionally male fields by personal choice and culture.

bill Progress

  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Education and Labor
      Higher Education and Workforce Investment
    IntroducedMarch 5th, 2013

What is House Bill H.R. 951?

H.R. 951 — the Women and Workforce Investment for Nontraditional (WIN) Jobs Act — aims to give low-income women a major pay raise. In the context of this bill “nontraditional jobs” are jobs in which women account for 25 percent or less of the field’s workforce.

The bill grants more federal tax dollars to states that train women for jobs with bigger paychecks —  high-demand jobs that are currently predominantly male fields. If passed, H.R.951 would:

  • Grant money to states that plan to recruit, train, and retain women for higher paying non-traditional jobs;
  • Provide technical assistance and resources to those state-registered organizations;
  • Create goals for the number of women that are to be recruited and retained in nontraditional jobs;
  • Provide training for ending negative stereotypes of women in nontraditional occupations.

Two years after H.R. 541 is enacted the Secretary of Labor will evaluate the effectiveness of training and retention efforts.


30 percent of the female workforce that is currently being paid low wages, nearly half of U.S. households run by women as the sole breadwinner, the Secretary of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

Cost of House Bill H.R. 951

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable, however, a "Before It's News" article has estimated that H.R. 951 would cost 20 million annually.

More Information

Of Note:

Today, retail clerks, cashiers, nurses, high school teachers, and secretaries are the the most jobs most commonly held by women. Things haven't changed much over the years — the top five occupations for women in the 1960's were:

  • household workers,
  • secretaries,
  • sales clerks,
  • elementary school teachers,
  • and book keepers. 
Compare that to something like contractor or construction jobs — women make up just 2.6 percent of all employees in construction and extraction jobs. As reported by Women in NonTraditional Employment Roles (WINTER) Inc.: 

"The fact remains that women are dramatically underrepresented in areas where employment opportunities are plentiful and wages are livable. Reinforcing the gender equity gap, statistics found by WINTER compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the National Commission on Working Women, found that 80% of women in the workforce continue to occupy low-wage; low-status, traditionally female positions."


Sponsoring Rep. Jared Polis (CO-D) Press Release

Before It’s News

New York Times
(Photo Credit: Flickr user Seattle Municipal Archives)


Women and Workforce Investment for Nontraditional Jobs

Official Title

To promote the economic self-sufficiency of low-income women through their increased participation in high-wage, high-demand occupations where they currently represent 25 percent or less of the workforce.

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