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house Bill H.R. 729

Should the Feds Fund Efforts to Mitigate & Research Climate Change in Coastal Communities?

Argument in favor

Coastal communities are already seeing the effects of climate change, which have forced them to move to higher ground, alter their ways of life, and more. The federal government has an obligation to help communities deal with these impacts, which it can do through the grants created by this bill. Similarly, the federal government should be studying climate change in coastal communities and coordinating research and analysis efforts — which this bill also provides for.

jimK's Opinion
···
12/10/2019
I appreciate all congressional efforts to begin mitigating pending effects of the evolving climate crisis. However, the impacts of not addressing all aspects of climate change on a world wide strategic basis risks funding shortfalls and potential unintended consequences. I’m a little concerned about shot-gunning all the things that could be done undercutting the long term strategic imperatives of dealing with climate change in a wholistic coordinated program. The time is short. The consequences are severe. It has to be done right the very first time.
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Donald's Opinion
···
12/09/2019
People who argue that climate change is not perpetuated by humans have no regard for real science. This is a must priority for the human race.
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burrkitty's Opinion
···
12/10/2019
As a environmental hydrogeologist I have already seen, documented, and been paid by tax dollars to dealt with the expensive consequences of anthropogenic forcing in our municipal groundwater systems. To say “it isn’t real” or that “humans can’t do anything” isn’t based in any reality whatsoever. I have already had to close water wells because of saltwater intrusion from rising seas. I have already had to drill new water wells to draw freshwater inland and at higher altitudes. We are already damaging our groundwater system. It is already costing us our tax money in new and repairing infrastructure to the tune of a quarter million dollars per well. This isn’t a remote problem. I have 45 years of municipal water testing and well production data that are frighteningly clear. WE ARE ALREADY PAYING. I’m primarily a project rather than research scientist, so I’m front line in this fight. To continue this path of inaction where we only react afterwards is deeply irresponsible. PS. The Nay vote made by Gwendolyn is the only one with a genuinely good scientific criticism. Beach erosion and replenishment projects ARE a total waste of money. Beaches move. Literally, the fundamental physics of beaches means they don’t stay in one place forever. All the places that have ever spent money on beach replenishment have, quite frankly, chucked all that money into the ocean. Beach STABILIZATION can sometimes work, but if it is to the point of trucking in sand from other places to “fill in the beach” it’s just money into the ocean.
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Argument opposed

This bill would create a permanent $5 billion annual earmark, which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has warned might lead to a focus on capital-intensive projects that could adversely affect beaches, dunes, and other coastal resources. Based on NOAA’s logic, it’s possible that this bill could do more harm than good and fail to achieve its coastal conservation & resiliency goals.

Ticktock's Opinion
···
12/08/2019
Under this Administration that denies that there is such a thing as climate change and has stocked all review panels with like minded people. Would not be able to believe anything that was produced. The better source of information is the EU until there is a change in Administration and the review panels are restored. It’s horrible not to be able to believe anything our government says.
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JTJ's Opinion
···
12/10/2019
If you live on the coast and you are concerned about sea levels, then move inland. If you think that humans can mitigate climate change, you are delusional.
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ConservativeGuy's Opinion
···
12/10/2019
What a complete waste of money. Create another bureaucracy with zero accountability. Leftists sure love them some government.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Water, Oceans, and Wildlife
      Indigenous Peoples of the United States
      Committee on Natural Resources
    IntroducedJanuary 23rd, 2019

What is House Bill H.R. 729?

This bill — the Coastal and Great Lakes Communities Act — has three sections, each of which would address a different aspect of the challenges that climate change poses to coastal environments. Its three titles are summarized below. Taken together, they would seek to improve federal grantmaking to coastal communities affected by climate change and to enhance federally directed research and data collection on climate change in coastal communities. A breakdown of its various provisions can be found below.


COASTAL RESILIENCE AND ECONOMIC ENHANCEMENT

This section of the bill would authorize the Dept. of Commerce to award grants to Indian tribes under the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) for the purpose of achieving certain goals in tribal coastal zones. Approximately 27 federally recognized tribes, representing about 270 miles of coastline, would be eligible to apply for these grants. Currently, tribal governments must petition states to prioritize their projects before they can be considered for funding.

Grants given out under this bill could be used to fund any of the following tribal coastal zone objectives: 

  • Protecting, restoring, or preserving areas in the zone that hold important ecological, cultural, or sacred significance for the tribes, or traditional, historic, and esthetic values essential to the tribes;
  • Preparing and implementing a special area management plan and technical planning for important coastal areas; and
  • Implementing any coastal or shoreline stabilization measures for the purpose of public safety, public access, or cultural or historical preservation.

This bill would also direct the Commerce Secretary to establish a task force to work directly with coastal state, user groups, and coastal stakeholders to identify and address critical needs with respect to working waterfronts. The task force would be responsible for: 

  • Identifying and prioritizing critical needs to with respect to working waterfronts in states with a management program approved by the Commerce Secretary;
  • Outlining options to address working waterfronts’ critical needs, including adaptation and mitigation where applicable;
  • Identifying federal agencies that are responsible for addressing working waterfronts’ critical needs under existing law; and
  • Recommending federal agencies best suited to address any critical needs for which no agency is responsible under existing law.

The Commerce Secretary would also be responsible for establishing a Working Waterfront Grant Program to make grants to coastal states and the District of Columbia for the purpose of implementing working waterfront plans approved by the Commerce Secretary.

A Working Waterfronts Preservation Loan Fund would also be established at the Treasury Dept., from which the Commerce Secretary would take funds to make loans to coastal states for the purpose of implementing a working waterfront plan approved by the Commerce Secretary. These loans would be at least $10,000 each, and no single loan could exceed 15% of the Fund’s total assets as of July 1 of the fiscal year in which the loan is made. 

The Commerce Secretary would also be responsible for establishing a coastal climate change adaptation preparedness and response program to: 

  • Help coastal states develop coastal climate change adaptation plans and to prepare for and reduce the negative consequences that may result from climate change in the coastal zone; and 
  • Provide financial and technical assistance and training to enable coastal states to implement their coastal climate change adaptation plans.

The Commerce Secretary would be allowed to make grants to coastal states for the purpose of developing climate change adaptation plans. These grants could be used to implement projects in the coastal zone to address stress factors to improve coastal climate change adaptation, including: 1) activities to address physical disturbances within the coastal zone, especially activities related to public facilities and public services, tourism, sedimentation, ocean acidification, and other factors; 2) monitoring, control, or eradication of disease organisms and invasive species; 3) activities to address wildlife habitat loss, degradation, or fragmentation; and other issues. The Commerce Secretary would promote and encourage the use of National Estuarine Research Reserves as sites for pilot or demonstration projects using these grant funds.


FISHERY RESEARCH AND CONSERVATION

This bill would also encourage partnerships among public agencies and other interested persons to promote fishery conservation. To this end, it would establish a 25-member National Fish Habitat Board to:

  • Promote, oversee, and coordinate fish conservation efforts;
  • Establish national goals and priorities for fish habitat conservation;
  • Recommend potential partners for designation by Congressional entities; and
  • Review and make recommendations regarding fish habitat conservation projects.

To carry out fishery conservation, Congress would be authorized to enter into partnerships with entities to work collaboratively to promote cooperation and coordination to enhance fish populations and fish habitats. Each partnership would submit a list of priority fish habitat conservation projects to the National Fish Habitat Board on an annual basis to receive annual funding. The Board would then be responsible for selecting projects to fund based on their merits and potential for success.

This bill would also authorize the Director of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to conduct monitoring, assessment, science, and research in support of the binational fisheries within the Great Lakes Basin. To this end, the Director would: 1) execute a comprehensive, multi-lake, freshwater fisheries science program; 2) coordinate and work cooperatively with regional, state, tribal, and local governments; and 3) consult with other interested entities and groups, including academia and relevant Canadian agencies. The research conducted may include topics such as deepwater ecosystem sciences, biological and food web components, fish movement and behavior investigations, fish population structures, and more.


MEETING 21ST CENTURY OCEAN AND COASTAL DATA NEEDS

This bill would direct the Commerce Secretary to establish a program, to be called “Digital Coast,” to provide an enabling platform that integrates geospatial data, decision-support tools, training, and best practices to address coastal management issues and needs. The program would:

  • Make data and resulting integrated products developed under it readily accessible via the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Digital Coast Internet website, GeoPlatform.gov, and data.gov, as well as other information distribution technologies as the Commerce Secretary deems appropriate.
  • Develop decision-support tools that use and display the resulting integrated data and provide training on such tools’ use.
  • Document data generated to to Federal Geographic Data Committee standards.
  • Archive all raw data acquired under this program at the appropriate NOAA data center or other federal data center as deemed appropriate by the Commerce Secretary.

The Commerce Secretary would also be responsible for coordinating data collection, sharing, and integration and minimizing duplication by consulting with coastal states, local governments, and representatives of academia, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations. 

In carrying out the Digital Coast program, the Commerce Secretary would be responsible for:

  • Maximizing the use of remote sensing and other geospatial data collection activities conducted by other purposes and under other authorities;
  • Focusing on filling data needs and gaps for coastal management issues;
  • Supporting continued improvement in existing efforts to coordinate the acquisition and integration of key data sets needed for coastal management and other purposes, including coastal elevation data, land use and land cover data, socioeconomic and human use data, critical infrastructure data, and more; and
  • Integrating all the available data for the benefit of the broadest measure of coastal resources management constituents and applications.

The Commerce Secretary would have the authority to enter into financial agreements to carry out the Digital Coast program.

Impact

Climate change; climate change-related impacts on coastal communities; fisheries; fish habitats and fishery conservation; states; coastal communities; coastal Native American communities; Dept. of Commerce; Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA); Commerce Secretary; and the Director of the United States Geological Survey (USGS).

Cost of House Bill H.R. 729

$22.00 Million
The CBO estimates that this bill would cost $22 million over the 2020-2024 period and $5 million a year thereafter, assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts. In total, it would cost $47 million over the 2020-2029 period.

More Information

In-DepthSponsoring Rep. Derek Kilmer (D-WA) introduced this bill to help tribes living in coastal areas address threats from rapidly-changing landscapes and severe weather events. In comments to the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) during its winter session in Washington, D.C. on February 12, 2019, Rep. Kilmer said:

"We've seen this first-hand in my neck of the woods. From the four coastal tribes that are actively working to move to higher ground, to those on the Puget Sound who have seen fisheries disasters as a consequence of changing ocean conditions.”

Rep. Kilmer is optimistic about this bill’s chances with Democrats controlling the House and putting climate change “on the front burner.” After this bill passed the House Natural Resources Committee, Rep. Kilmer said

“The challenges of severe storms and increased flooding are affecting communities throughout our country – and in my district alone, there are four tribes that are actively moving to higher ground. This bill will provide direct access to much needed resources for tribes to enhance their coastal resiliency and keep their people out of harm’s way. I am grateful for the Committee’s bipartisan support of this bill and attention to these important matters and urge the full House of Representatives to pass this legislation without delay.” 

Quinault Indian Nation (QIN) president Fawn Sharp testified in favor of this bill at a July 25, 2019 House Natural Resources Committee Subcommittee on Water, Oceans, and Wildlife hearing. She said

“The Quinault Indian Nation strongly supports the Tribal Coastal Resiliency act and requests the Subcommittee and full Committee consider and pass the bill expediently. This legislation will make available to Tribes grant funding for the protection and preservation of Tribal coastal zones and areas. This is funding that is critically needed by Tribes that are dealing with coastal and shoreline degradation and destabilization due to climate change. H.R. 729 also gives Tribes parity with states by allowing them to work directly with the federal government on these grants. This is a much needed change that will be beneficial for every Tribe that is dealing with coastal resiliency issues… The grants created by H.R. 729 will be a very positive step toward assisting [tribes[ in addressing [climate change-related] issues.”

Reps. Rob Bishop (R-UT), Jody Hice (R-GA), Mike Johnson (R-LA), and Kevin Hern (R-OK) objected to this bill when the House Natural Resources Committee voted on it. In their dissenting views to the committee report, they argued that a permanent earmark, as proposed in this bill, isn’t necessary and could be counterproductive

“H.R. 729, which would permanently earmark $5 million of the annually appropriated CZMA grant dollars for tribes and potentially waive any cost sharing requirement. This earmark is not necessary; as demonstrated by the legislation's savings clause, tribes already have the ability to participate in any program authorized by the CZMA. We also have significant concerns with the impact this would have on existing coastal zone management programs. Lastly, NOAA expressed concerns during our legislative hearing that H.R. 729 would focus funding on objectives it finds ‘capital-intensive and, in some cases, adversely affect nearby beaches, dunes, and other coastal resources.’ For these reasons, we oppose this legislation.”

This legislation passed the House Natural Resources Committee by voice vote with the support of 14 bipartisan House cosponsors, including 11 Democrats and three Republicans. 


Of NoteIn its committee report, the House Natural Resources Committee observes that Native American communities are particularly likely to feel the adverse effects of climate change: 

“Throughout Indian Country, the effects of climate change are already being felt. Chronic flooding, wildfire, drought, and rising sea levels are threatening indigenous peoples' ways of life, affecting their traditional subsistence hunting and fishing rights, and endangering their commercial activities and tourism enterprises. These impacts are especially significant for tribes along coastal areas, where residents are seeing changes in their coastal lands due to extreme weather, erosion, and other impacts to their natural resources.”

In Rep. Kilmer’s home state of Washington State alone, there are over 3,000 miles of marine coastline that many reservations or fishing grounds are located on. Several tribes — including the Quileute Nation village of La Push, the Hoh Tribe, the Makah Tribe, and the Quinault Indian Nation — have already started moving assets and people to higher ground.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / sharply_done)

AKA

Coastal and Great Lakes Communities Enhancement Act

Official Title

To amend the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 to authorize grants to Indian Tribes to further achievement of Tribal coastal zone objectives, and for other purposes.

    I appreciate all congressional efforts to begin mitigating pending effects of the evolving climate crisis. However, the impacts of not addressing all aspects of climate change on a world wide strategic basis risks funding shortfalls and potential unintended consequences. I’m a little concerned about shot-gunning all the things that could be done undercutting the long term strategic imperatives of dealing with climate change in a wholistic coordinated program. The time is short. The consequences are severe. It has to be done right the very first time.
    Like (68)
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    Under this Administration that denies that there is such a thing as climate change and has stocked all review panels with like minded people. Would not be able to believe anything that was produced. The better source of information is the EU until there is a change in Administration and the review panels are restored. It’s horrible not to be able to believe anything our government says.
    Like (37)
    Follow
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    People who argue that climate change is not perpetuated by humans have no regard for real science. This is a must priority for the human race.
    Like (38)
    Follow
    Share
    As a environmental hydrogeologist I have already seen, documented, and been paid by tax dollars to dealt with the expensive consequences of anthropogenic forcing in our municipal groundwater systems. To say “it isn’t real” or that “humans can’t do anything” isn’t based in any reality whatsoever. I have already had to close water wells because of saltwater intrusion from rising seas. I have already had to drill new water wells to draw freshwater inland and at higher altitudes. We are already damaging our groundwater system. It is already costing us our tax money in new and repairing infrastructure to the tune of a quarter million dollars per well. This isn’t a remote problem. I have 45 years of municipal water testing and well production data that are frighteningly clear. WE ARE ALREADY PAYING. I’m primarily a project rather than research scientist, so I’m front line in this fight. To continue this path of inaction where we only react afterwards is deeply irresponsible. PS. The Nay vote made by Gwendolyn is the only one with a genuinely good scientific criticism. Beach erosion and replenishment projects ARE a total waste of money. Beaches move. Literally, the fundamental physics of beaches means they don’t stay in one place forever. All the places that have ever spent money on beach replenishment have, quite frankly, chucked all that money into the ocean. Beach STABILIZATION can sometimes work, but if it is to the point of trucking in sand from other places to “fill in the beach” it’s just money into the ocean.
    Like (32)
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    Science and facts are real. Start using them instead of listening to your lobbyists. Don’t you want your grandkids to have a planet to live on??
    Like (14)
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    Yes! But there are many Scientific reports and investigations that all say the same thing...we are not doing enough to reduce our carbon foot print. So yes, continue to research, Time is running out. Get rid of these indoctrinated Trump Republicans. Anyone, find that Trump uses the same words as often as he can....witch hunt, fake, all negative stuff to indoctrinate his following. In this forum, they all parrot back his words ...my representatives must be more intelligent and brave and stand up against these corporate selfish reasons to ignore Science.
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    A bit late to the party--but yes if we are smart, we should research mitigation efforts particularly for the communities in the most danger. But...Trump is "officially" pulling the USA out the Paris Accords so the smart thing won't ever get done.
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    We must have the GREEN NEW DEAL. NOW. Your foot dragging is threatening us all.
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    Climate change is real, congress has to act
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    Yes, the coasts are the front lines in the fight against Climate Change.
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    Dump Trump! Climate change is REAL and it is SERIOUS. We need a leader who cares for ALL living creatures. Not the son of a bitch we have now that cares only for himself and his family’s wealth.
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    Yes. I lived under communism and when the food became scarce, the politicians ate well. We, the common people lived on rationing stamps. So what exactly do you think will happen when our environment begins to suffer to that extreme? There are so many things on which our government waists our $$$$$. Be it the party on the left or the party on the right. Our future ability breath, drink water, eat food, and live in a relatively nontoxic biological environment is of the highest importance here. I mean, can you imagine our government issuing straps for both food and water?
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    Whether you’re conservative or liberal, you can’t deny the facts that our society’s way of life is harming the environment. It’s not sustainable, and efforts need to be made not only to try and mitigate the damage we’ve already done, but also to develop more sustainable living
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    The feds should fund any and every thing to deter climate change or we will have mass migration that makes a border wall more absurd than it is now!
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    Coastal communities are already seeing the effects of climate change, which have forced them to move to higher ground, alter their ways of life, and more. The federal government has an obligation to help communities deal with these impacts, which it can do through the grants created by this bill. Similarly, the federal government should be studying climate change in coastal communities and coordinating research and analysis efforts — which this bill also provides for.
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    It would be irresponsible not to attempt to mitigate climate change in places being affected by it.
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    Data has already tracked correctly since 1970. How much more do we need?
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    Republicans in Congress are willingly undermining the constitution in order to maintain power, these are the facts: There will be two articles of impeachment, 1 on abuse of power and the other for obstruction of Congress. trumps inspector general report says FBI had authorized purpose to investigate trump campaign Russian ties. Three constitutional scholars have stated trump has committed, what is clearly spelled out in the Constitution of the United States, impeachable offenses. Attorney General Barr’s handpicked prosecutor says there is no evidence that supports Russia investigation was a setup or hoax. Why was bipartisan approved military aid to Lebanon held up for months by White House.(Jared Kushner has a lot of ties to that part of the world) Giuliani in talks to be paid by Ukraine official, while they were working together to attack trumps political opponent. Donald McGhan ordered to comply with subpoena. Bolton’s next:) Devin Nunez met with Ukrainians and directly pushed for Biden investigations. The meetings were set up by Giuliani’s Russian criminal friend Lev Parnas. Sondland was on a “Domestic Political Errand.” Was there a quid pro quo? Sondland, “Yes, Everyone was in the loop”. David Holmes, testified that Ukrainian officials “came to understand what was required” in order to get military assistance and a meeting with trump. U.S. ambassador to Ukraine felt threatened by trumps remarks and was threatened by trump while testifying. Long time friend and confidant of trump Roger Stone, found guilty of lying and witness tampering. trump has asked the Supreme Court to keep his taxes hidden. So, no more separation of powers in the government? trump sought status of Ukraine investigations showing aid was depended on the investigations themselves. trump complains that witnesses all speak from 2nd and 3rd hand knowledge yet ordered Mulvaney not to testify. Laura Cooper testified that the Pentagon sought clarification from the trump administration about the hold up of the Ukraine aide and received none. A second person has said they reported sexual misconduct involving a former doctor who’s been accused of sexually abusing nearly 300 men over a 17-year period to Rep. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio) Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and his staff felt they would not get the millions of dollars in aid money without publicly committing to launch the investigations Trump wanted. Senior trump administration officials considered resigning en masse in a ‘midnight self massacre’. State Department official says Giuliani was engaged in a campaign ‘full of lies and incorrect information’ about former ambassador. trump has issued pardons for two soldiers being tried for war crimes and returned rank to a soldier who took a selfie with a dead body. trump to pay $2 million for charity foundation misuse. trump wanted attorney general Barr to hold a news conference saying the president broke no laws on Ukraine call. White House official who heard trumps call with Ukraine president was told to keep quite. White House lawyer moved transcript of trump call to classified server after Ukraine adviser raised alarms. He has politicized our national security and has chosen Putin and other dictators over our own congress and security agencies. “I stated to Amb. Sondland that his statements were inappropriate, that the request to investigate Biden and his son had nothing to do with national security, and that such investigations were not something the NSC was going to get involved in or push,” Vindman adds. Lt. Col. Alexander S. Vindman, a top Ukraine expert on the National Security Council is testifying that trump demanded that a foreign government investigate an American citizen in exchange for Congresses approved aide. Just reached a $984 billion deficit while he lines his pockets with our tax dollars and foreign money at his resorts. $400 million in aide money was withheld from Ukraine back in August and Ukrainian leaders were told it was not red tape, that they needed to talk to Chief of Staff Mulvaney to resolve it and make a CNN statement about Biden in order to receive said aide. Rudolph W. Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, is running a shadow foreign policy in Ukraine that circumvents U.S. officials and career diplomats in order to personally benefit President trump. Igor Fruman and Lev Parnas. Look them up. North Korea just tested a submarine launched missile. Deserted our Kurdish allies who have been fighting ISIS with us and now are being slaughtered. All because he has a tower in Istanbul. “The Americans betrayed us. We do not trust them anymore,” she added. These used to be our Kurdish allies that stood against ISIS. He is refusing to comply with the law. He is using the power of the presidency to withhold aide to one of the worst humanitarian crisis on the planet in exchange for political favors in order to sway the 20/20 election. He is acting like a criminal and threatening the life of the whistleblower. Mr. America first is sending troops to Saudi Arabia in support of a murdering dictator who spends millions at his hotels and resorts. Corey Lewandowski testified to congress that trump ordered him to obstruct justice. He is blocking information that pertains to the safety of our country from reaching congress. He has been threatening NOAA, a federal agency, with punishment if they do not disavow the truth and side with his lies. He invited the Taliban to Camp David the week of 9/11. He is a #PussyAssBitch He’s doctoring weather maps to try and prove he’s not an idiot. He has stayed at trump properties 293 days in 3 years, that’s our tax dollars going directly into his pocket. He took money from military daycares to pay for a wall that won’t work and no one wants. The Vice President and the Attorney General are both spending tax payer dollars on trump hotels, lining his pockets and currying his favor. He has privately instructed aides to skirt laws and regulations to get the wall built faster — and told them he will pardon them if necessary. He is pressuring a government agency to give a contract for his wall to a company whose chief executive is a donor to one of his top GOP allies in Congress. He took hundreds of millions from 127 different projects (FEMA being one of those) for his wall. He thinks nuking a hurricane is an idea. He is host the next G-7 at one of his own resorts. Again our tax dollars paying him directly. He taunted Iran by tweeting a classified image of an Iranian rocket that had exploded, thereby potentially compromising U.S. intelligence capabilities. His own company would save millions from the low interest rates he is demanding. He was going to give you tax cuts through your paychecks but decided not to. This year the richest of us payed less in taxes than the rest of us. He is destroying the economy with HIS trade war. We will soon average a 1.2 trillion deficit. He is repeating NRA talking points on background checks so expect no action taken regardless of the fact there has been 27 arrested over threats to commit mass attacks since El Paso( NOT TOLEDO). He made fun of republicans being afraid of the NRA and then caved after a 30 minute phone conversation with them. He bragged about indefinite child detention because it brings families together. He is refusing flue shots, that protect us all(google influenza pandemic), to immigrant children. He is attacking fellow congresswomen in really disgusting ways and making anti-Semitic remarks about Jews calling them disloyal. He thinks he’s the chosen one based on a conspiracy theory web sight. He has: Obstructed Justice. Is profiting from the Presidency. Colluded - They had a meeting & lied about it. Advocated political & police violence. Abuse of power. Engaging in reckless behavior. Persecuting political opponents. Attacking the free press. Violating immigrants Right to Due Process. Violating campaign finance laws. Racist: Speaks directly to and often tweeting straight from white supremacists. Calls them very fine people. Told fellow congresswomen to go back where they came from. Called them shit hole countries. Called them murderers and rapists. Calls her Pocahontas. Took out full page adds calling for the death of five innocent black kids in New York, 1989. Literally has said in an interview he has Hitlers speeches, My New Order in his nightstand. Our Money: Spent campaign finance money on hush payments to silence a porn star he had an affair with in order to hide it from the voters. Has spent over $100 million of our tax dollars playing golf at his own golf courses. Has never divested from companies and advertises and profits off the White House. Was going to cut Medicaid and Medicare funding to pay for the tax cuts he gave to the rich. Is actively destroying farmers lives with his trade wars that we all know only hurts our pockets not Chinas. Has made the lives of every truck driver across America as well as our own, more dangerous by removing safety regulations that only benefits the pockets of the CEOs of those companies. Has removed any and all protections we had in place from work safety, environment, women’s rights, LGBTQ rights and gives that power back to the CEOs, oil companies, men and old white men. Saudi funded lobbyist rented 500 rooms at a trump hotel he never divested from right after he became president. Wonder why? Sexual Predator: Accused by more than 20 women of molestation and rape. Bragged about said molestation on tape. Has cheated on all three wives (see above). Has made sexual remarks on camera about his daughter. Belittles and bully’s women. Not even sure he’s aware he has two daughters. Idiot: Has allowed North Korea to grow there nuclear weapons program. Took the side of Putin over America’s own security agencies on the national stage. Lacks the intelligence and facts needed to communicate on a global level much less national one. Makes policy decisions based on FOX media. Lies when speaks. Doesn’t believe in science and quite often displays his ignorance of it. Russia: Lied about meetings with Russians. Lied about a trump tower Moscow. Personal attorney Michael Cohen (same guy who broke campaign finance laws under trumps direction) had contacts with russian officials. National Security aide Flynn resigned over Russian contacts. Jeff Sessions recused himself because of Russian contacts. Manafort resigned because of Russian contacts. Campaign foreign policy adviser Papadopoulos met with Russians then bragged about it to Australians who then turned that info over to our FBI. Sixteen campaign officials had contacts with Russia and at least nine others new about it. Russian mobster lived in trump tower. trump casino was flagged 106 times for lax money laundering standards and same Russian frequently stayed at trump casino. Has been selling real estate to Russians for years. It really is surprising how many connections to Russians this man has. Rick Scott, Marco Rubio, Bill Posey You are my representatives. OLC policy: The indictment or criminal prosecution of a criminal investigation of a sitting President would unconstitutionally undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions. It’s time to do your job. You swore an oath to this country, it’s people and me to uphold the constitution. The president has never upheld that oath. How do you want to be remembered?
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    5 million dollars is about 15 cents per citizen. As the oceans rise and water flows into the president’s Florida home and other houses, we will need to have ongoing research as how to control and live with this disaster.
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    Of course they should. Climate change should be a priority for this country and every other one on earth. This is only a hoax to people who put the greed of corporations and individuals above that of human beings. Before you vote, Bergman, you might want to consider what more than 90% of scientists around the world have been telling us. I am assuming that you, unlike your leader, can actually read!
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