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  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      House Committee on Foreign Affairs
    IntroducedSeptember 28th, 2018

What is it?

This bill — the Stop Gendercide Act — would require the State Dept. to research the relationship between human trafficking and skewed sex ratios in populations where there’s evidence of sex-selective practices in the agency’s annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report. Sex-selective practices include infanticide, gender-biased neglect, and other forms of gender-based violence.

Impact

Sex-selective practices; countries with skewed sex ratios; and the State Department.

Cost

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Ann Wagner (R-MO) introduced this bill to research gendercide’s effect on human trafficking:

“An estimated 126 million women are missing from the world population due to systematic gender-based violence, neglect, and even infanticide. It is heartbreaking when the lives of young girls are valued less than the lives of young boys, and Congress must stand up against the promotion of violence against girls around the world. These patterns of violence have led to skewed sex ratios in certain national and sub-national populations. In these populations, there is evidence that heightened demand for women can make them more vulnerable to human trafficking crimes, child marriage, and exploitation. This legislation will give the U.S. government, partner nations, and civil society the information they need to better respond to changes in human trafficking patterns driven by violence against women and girls.”

The Invisible Girl Project, Gendercide Awareness Project, Vital Voices, and Women’s Rights Without Frontiers support this bill. The Invisible Girl Project’s President and CEO, Jill McElya, says:

“The Stop Gendercide Act of 2018 is vital to ending human trafficking,” said Jill McElya, President and CEO of the Invisible Girl Project. “In countries such as India, female gendercide has resulted in men outnumbering women by the millions, resulting in the trafficking of little girls and women.  In order to effectively address trafficking, gendercide must also be confronted. Invisible Girl Project fully supports this legislation and is optimistic that Congress will determine its enactment is critical to combating human trafficking globally.”

The Washington Post’s Simon Denyer and Annie Gowen wrote that as a result of China’s shortage of women: “Trafficking of brides is on the rise. Foreign women are being recruited and lured to China, effectively creating similar imbalances in China’s neighbors.”

In 2013, the European Parliament passed a motion calling upon its member countries to combat sex-selective practices both within their own borders and in the broader world. In that resolution, the European Parliament called for the EU and its partner countries to “improve, through development cooperation, the monitoring and data collection of sex ratios at birth, and to take prompt action to address possible imbalances.

This bill has been referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee with the support of  two cosponsors, including one Democrat and one Republican.


Of NoteThe U.S. government uses the TIP Report to engage foreign governments in dialogues to advance anti-trafficking reforms, combat trafficking, and target anti-human trafficking resources. Globally, the TIP Report is used by international organizations, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations as a tool to examine where resources are most needed.

The TIP Report divides countries into three tiers based on individual governments’ efforts to combat trafficking within their borders. The TIP is the U.S. government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It’s also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-trafficking efforts, and reflects the U.S. government’s commitment to global leadership on human trafficking.

Gendercide is the death of females worldwide due to sex-selective abortion to favor boys over girls, female infanticide, gross neglect of young girls, entirely preventable maternal death, blocking access to food and shelter for older women, and socially-sanctioned violence against women. In 2010, the U.N. estimated that 126 million females — 2.7% of the global female population — were dead due to this phenomenon.

Gendercide tends to occur mainly in Asia, the Caucasus, and the Balkan states. While the phenomenon itself occurs within individual nations’ borders, its consequences spread beyond their borders. In nations with shortages of women, there are large concentrations of “involuntary bachelors” whose frustrated desire to marry leads to bride-theft, human trafficking, violence, and higher overall crime rates

In India, the trafficking of women is related to both marriage (due to families bringing women in from other Indian states and countries to become wives for their sons) and the sex trade (due to high demand for sex workers incentivizing brothel owners to traffick women to work in their establishments). Higher sex ratios are closely associated with gender-based crime and sex trafficking. China — which has one of the most imbalanced sex ratios in the world due to the one-child policy — conducts 60% of worldwide sex trafficking, and saw a near-doubling of its crime rate after the one-child policy’s enactment. Today, the most common crimes in China are bride-napping, trafficking in women, rape, and prostitution.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / BrianAJackson)

AKA

Stop Gendercide Act

Official Title

To amend the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to modify the Trafficking in Persons report to include research on the relationship between human trafficking and skewed sex ratios in national or subnational populations in which there is evidence of sex-selective practices, including, but not limited to, infanticide, gender-biased neglect, or other forms of gender-based violence or discrimination.

    Yes. It is happening. That’s why there is a caravan of immigrants heading to the US IN SPITE OF TRUMP THREATS AND RHETERIC
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    This bill is a “need more information” denial delay on a already extensively researched problem. We have plenty of information, now is the time to act. Stop obstructing the action to save lives.
    Like (71)
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    The name of the bill and its summary clearly state the reason why these women are being trafficked so I’m going to go out on a limb here and say the research is done. Put the funds and manpower that would have gone into this research into combatting the actual trafficking
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    With this study being introduced by a Republican, it most likely is focused on trying to prove the claim of sex selective abortions in order to use this data to ban sex selective abortions, as they are considering doing in the UK. Sex selective abortions are bad. However, giving doctors the responsibility to determine if an abortion is occurring due to sex selection seems futile - why would anyone ever admit to that? Especially if they knew it would result in not having the abortion. Internationally, the most optimistic outcome would be for us to put pressure on other countries to discontinue encouraging sex selective abortions which may have the adverse consequence of those countries trying to ban all abortions, which seems like a ineffective way to go about stopping abortions if that is your propagative . Either way, even the most optimistic result of this research does not seem worth the amount of tax dollars and human capital that would go into this research, and if we were truly were trying to be effective at limiting abortions then this allocation of funds would go to safe sex education and birth control.
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    This can be done as soon as we get the current party out of office. The GOP has never been concerned with women’s rights or suffering.
    Like (27)
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    Another smoke and mirrors by republicans study and have meetings to say they are doing something, which they are not. Take action for once!
    Like (13)
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    By all means YES, Sex-selective practices (like gender-based abortion or infanticide) have led to significant gender imbalances in numerous countries, most notably China and India, creating problems in those countries and the surrounding region. Understanding how skewed sex ratios affect human trafficking would help the U.S. and the international community respond to this issue. 11*27*18 .... SneakyPete.....
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    We know enough. It’s time to stop researching and act.
    Like (10)
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    This is a stupid way to spend money.
    Like (8)
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    Trafficking is trafficking and we need to deal with it and stop studying what we already know fix like you should have fixed immigration just do it.
    Like (7)
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    I had to read the details, and I agree that we already have the information we need. The time is now to act swiftly to stop and end human trafficking. By delaying with more research only more people will be harmed and forced into sexual slavery.
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    While the goal of this bill is very admirable, it appears that there is more than sufficient data to support active enforcement of sex- trafficking. Do we need more data to act on this? I did not see a rationale for how this bill would combat this horrendous problem. If I missed something please elaborate.
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    This Bill should be changed to “ Stop Human Trafficking” so that something may actually be done in response to this heinous global activity. Responding to the Human trafficking issue will erase all need for data on “skewed sex ratios”. Maybe we should dedicate part of our grossly enormous defense budget to combating the issue of Human trafficking as opposed to wasting congressional time, federal funds, resources, and man power on this ridiculous proposal to get more data on gender ratios in foreign countries. Let’s focus our efforts on something necessary and find the sex-trafficked boys, girls, women, and even men that are taken right here in America and abroad.
    Like (5)
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    Jesus, how complicated does this have to be? Killing is killing. It’s either wrong or it isn’t, regardless of gender, race or whatever other asinine construct you want to use.
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    This is happening all over the world including here in the USA. Of course something needs to be done
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    I wholeheartedly support combating and eliminating human trafficking and gendercide. However, it appears from the reading that sufficient information and documentation exists to take necessary action. There is no need to invest additional resources into an issue that seems to be well understood.
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    No. We don’t need more frivolous spending on a subject that already has thousands of pages of research done on it by independent groups. Fed agencies should use this open source research to drive their investigations and stem the human trafficking in through our porous southern border and lax maritime inspections.
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    Human Trafficking is a giant invisible problem in the United States and we combat it somehow
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    Human trafficking is abhorrent; it’s one of the worst things one human would do to another. Selling you into slavery, for who knows what!!! Regardless the nationality or where it takes place there is no question this needs to be a top priority of the US. Laws need to be passed and enforced. This includes Companies found abusing people! They need to be banned from all US markets, even if that means Americans have to pay more for a product.
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    We already have this information. Use it. Stop making us spend our money on things for information we already know.
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