This bill would authorize the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program within the Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) to address and reduce national security threats before they reach the U.S. through international sharing of biometric information.
It would charge the Secretary of Homeland Security with:
Working with the Secretary of State to identify appropriate representatives of foreign governments and heads of other federal agencies to facilitate the voluntary sharing of biometric and biographic information collected from foreign nationals for the purpose of identifying and screening those who may pose threats, terroristic or otherwise, to the U.S.,
Providing capabilities, including training and equipment, to partner countries to voluntarily collect biometric and biographic identification data from individuals to identify, prevent, detect, and interdict high-risk individuals identified as threats to the U.S. who may attempt to enter the U.S. using illicit pathways,
Providing capabilities, including training and equipment, to partner countries to compare foreign data against appropriate U.S. data in the following databases: the FBI’s Terrorist Screening Database; FBI’s Next Generation Identification (NGI) database; DOD’s Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS); DHS’s Automated Biometric Identification System (IDENT); and any other databases that the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the heads of other federal departments and agencies, designates,
Ensuring biometric and biographic identification data collected pursuant to BITMAP is incorporated into appropriate United States Government databases, and
Ensuring that BITMAP operations include participation from relevant components of DHS and other federal agencies, as appropriate
Before BITMAP operations can be carried out in new foreign countries, the Secretaries of Homeland Security and State would be required to enter into an an agreement or arrangement with the government of the country outlining the operations to be carried out in the new partner country. No later than 60 days before such an agreement is entered into force, the Secretary of Homeland Security would be required to provide the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate with copies of the agreement.
On an annual basis, the Secretary of Homeland Security would submit a report on BITMAP’s effectiveness in enhancing national security, border security, and counterterrorism operations to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.