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house Bill H.R. 550

Should the Use of Force Against Iran Be Blocked & the Iraq War Authorization Be Repealed?

Argument in favor

President Donald Trump risked a dangerous escalation of tensions with Iran by authorizing a drone strike against Iranian General Qassem Soleimani while he was coordinating with Iran-backed Shia militias in Iraq. This bill would prohibit further escalations by requiring the administration to get approval from Congress before it uses military force against Iran. It is long past time for Congress to reclaim its constitutional war powers by repealing the 2002 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Iraq. Allowing the AUMF to remain in effect would be dangerous and irresponsible, as it allows U.S. military operations in the Middle East to continue indefinitely.

Kevin's Opinion
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01/30/2020
Let the Congress regain its balance as ordained by our Constitution.
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Gregory 's Opinion
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01/30/2020
Yes. The USA should leave Syria, Iraq & Iran asap. This will leave a vacuum in that region but that region will be fighting today, tomorrow and 20 years from tomorrow. We are currently waiting for permission from Iraq to place a Patriot Missle Defenses there. The day another nation tells the USA military what they can or cannot do to protect themselves is the day it’s time to go. I’m certain that a national referendum vote on leaving that region immediately would have a positive result.
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Jenduster's Opinion
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01/30/2020
Stop funding war! Start funding clean energy, healthcare, and education!
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Argument opposed

This legislation would hinder the executive branch’s ability to deter aggression by Iran and protect American citizens and military personnel in the region, in addition to U.S. allies and partners. Given that the Trump administration is already on record with a veto threat, it would be a waste of scarce legislative time to consider this bill. Repealing the 2002 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Iraq without a replacement would be a grave mistake. Prohibiting the use of American military force in Iraq would give free rein to ISIS and Iran-backed proxies and create a vacuum that could destabilize Iraq & the broader Middle East.

Jeremy's Opinion
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01/30/2020
This is a partisan attempt to limit President Trump from carrying out the duties of his job. Barack Obama launched 500+ drone strikes during his presidency, and he faced very little Democratic oversight - and the GOP didn’t do much to hinder him, either. This will come back to bite Democrats in the ass, whenever the next one takes the White House. They’ll whine when the GOP acts to severely restrict that next Dem President’s ability to use force to protect our interests, and Democrats will have only themselves to blame.
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Michael's Opinion
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01/30/2020
The sitting President of the United States must retain the power to send troops or munitions in an urgent situation, unhampered by Congress. If later it is determined that the President handled the situation incorrectly, then he/she should be called on the carpet for it.
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RGlbk's Opinion
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01/30/2020
I liked Michaels opinion and will repost it! The American people should be scared to death about what the demcraps are doing! This is dictatorship!
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What is House Bill H.R. 550?

UPDATED - 1/30/20: The House has amended this bill to serve as the legislative vehicle for bills to prohibit the use of military force against Iran and to repeal the 2002 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Iraq. In its original form, the bill authorized a collective Congressional Gold Medal to honor the U.S. merchant mariners of World War II. A breakdown of the bill's current provisions can be found below.

This bill would prohibit the use of military force in or against Iran unless Congress declares war or enacts an authorization for use of military force that meets the requirements of the War Powers Resolution. This bill couldn’t be construed as limiting the ability of the president to use necessary & appropriate force to defend U.S. allies & partners if authorized by Congress, relieving the executive branch of restrictions imposed by the War Powers Resolution, or authorizing the use of military force.

Additionally, this bill would assert several findings on the part of Congress:

  • The acquisition of a nuclear weapon by Iran would pose a grave threat to international peace & stability, and to the national security of the U.S. and its allies, including Israel.
  • Iran is a leading state sponsor of terrorism, continues to materially support the Assad regime in Syria, and is responsible for ongoing gross violations of the human rights of the people of Iran.
  • The Constitution requires the president to obtain authorization from Congress before engaging in war with Iran.
This bill would repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, which has been used to authorize military force against the Iraqi regime led by Saddam Hussein, al Qaeda, ISIS, militias, and Iranian forces attacking U.S. personnel in Iraq. It wouldn’t replace the repealed AUMF, effectively prohibiting the U.S. military from carrying out any counterterrorism operations in Iraq.

Impact

Congress; the U.S. military; America’s allies; Iraq; and Iran.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 550

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-Depth: Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA) introduced his bill to prohibit the use of military force against Iran without authorization from Congress:

“Today, we are seeing a dangerous escalation that brings us closer to another disastrous war in the Middle East. A war with Iran could cost countless lives and trillions more dollars and lead to even more deaths, more conflict, more displacement in that already highly volatile region of the world. War must be the last recourse in our international relations. That is why our Founding Fathers gave the responsibility over war to Congress. Congressional inaction in the face of the threat of a catastrophic and unconstitutional Middle East conflict is not acceptable.”

The White House vowed to veto Khanna's legislation if it were to pass Congress and reach President Donald Trump’s desk because it would undermine its ability to deter Iranian aggression in the Middle East in the wake of the strike that killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani:

“Following the successful United States action to eliminate Soleimani from the battlefield on January 2 and Iran’s retaliatory ballistic missile strike, Iran may be refraining from further aggression. This legislation would undermine the Administration’s reestablishment of deterrence with Iran, which could perversely make violent conflict with Iran more likely. Additionally, H.R. 5543 would hinder the President’s ability to protect United States diplomats, forces, and interests in the region from the continued threat posed by Iran and its proxies. Specifically, H.R. 5543’s express bar on the obligation or expenditure of any funds for any use of military force against Iran absent a prior authorization by Congress could interfere with the President’s ability to protect United States interests in the region, including the ability to protect United States citizens and allies and partners, including Israel.”

Khanna's No War Against Iran Act has the support of 93 cosponsors in the House, all of whom are Democrats.

Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA) introduced the bill to repeal the 2002 law that authorized the use of military force in Iraq:

“For far too long, Congress has been missing in action on matters of war and peace. It is long overdue for Congress to reassert its Constitutional authority on the use of force. It is time to end giving blank checks to any President to wage endless wars. I’m pleased that House Leadership is bringing my bipartisan bill, H.R. 2456, to repeal the 2002 Iraq Authorization to Use Military Force (AUMF) for a vote. It is more urgent than ever for Congress to do its job and prevent the President from using military force without Congressional authorization. Leaving this outdated AUMF on the books, which has been used to justify the use of force throughout the world, is not only dangerous but irresponsible.”

The White House warned that her bill would be vetoed if it were to be passed by Congress and reached President Donald Trump’s desk because it would undermine national security:

“The 2002 AUMF has long been understood to authorize the use of force for, among other purposes, addressing threats emanating from Iraq, including threats such as ISIS — a group whose objectives have included establishing an Islamic state in Iraq and using that state to support terrorism against the United States — as well as threats by Iran. Through its Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Qods Force, Iran conducts and directs the actions of several terrorist groups in Iraq, such as Kata’ib Hizballah. Iran and Iran-sponsored proxies continue to plan and execute attacks against United States forces in Iraq and terrorize religious minority groups and peaceful protestors throughout that country. With respect to Iran’s malign activities in Iraq, the 2002 AUMF provides critical authorities for the United States to defend itself and its partner forces as they carry out their missions against terrorist threats emanating from Iraq and in support of a stable, democratic Iraq. The arbitrary termination of the authorization would embolden our enemies with the recognizable goal of outlasting us. This bill is misguided, and its adoption by Congress would undermine the ability of the United States to protect American citizens whom Iran continues to seek to harm. It would make the world less safe, less secure, and less free.”

Lee's legislation has the support of 121 cosponsors, including 119 Democrats, one Independent (Michigan Congressman Justin Amash), and one Republican (Kentucky Congressman Thomas Massie).

Of Note: Following the strike that killed Soleimani, the House passed a resolution that would use the War Powers Resolution to halt the use of U.S. military personnel against Iran on a mostly party-line vote of 224-194. 

Iranian General Qassem Soleimani was the leader of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Force, which functions as a combination of an external intelligence agency and special operations unit. The Quds Force itself is considered a terror organization by the U.S., and supports several terror groups, including Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas & the Palestinian Islamic Jihad in Gaza & the West Bank, the Houthis in Yemen, and Shia militias in Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan. The Quds Forces’ activities in Iraq contributed to the deaths of more than 600 American military personnel and the wounding of thousands more in Iraq. Soleimani, along with a senior leader of an Iraqi Shia militia sponsored by Iran, was killed by a U.S. airstrike in Baghdad in January 2020.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: Staff Sgt. Bennie J. Davis III - U.S. Air Force via Wikimedia / Public Domain)

AKA

No War Against Iran Act

Official Title

To award a Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the United States Merchant Mariners of World War II, in recognition of their dedicated and vital service during World War II.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate Passed December 19th, 2019
    Passed by Voice Vote
  • The house Passed January 30th, 2020
    Roll Call Vote 236 Yea / 166 Nay
    IntroducedJanuary 15th, 2019

Log in or create an account to see how your Reps voted!
    Let the Congress regain its balance as ordained by our Constitution.
    Like (90)
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    This is a partisan attempt to limit President Trump from carrying out the duties of his job. Barack Obama launched 500+ drone strikes during his presidency, and he faced very little Democratic oversight - and the GOP didn’t do much to hinder him, either. This will come back to bite Democrats in the ass, whenever the next one takes the White House. They’ll whine when the GOP acts to severely restrict that next Dem President’s ability to use force to protect our interests, and Democrats will have only themselves to blame.
    Like (64)
    Follow
    Share
    The sitting President of the United States must retain the power to send troops or munitions in an urgent situation, unhampered by Congress. If later it is determined that the President handled the situation incorrectly, then he/she should be called on the carpet for it.
    Like (50)
    Follow
    Share
    Yes. The USA should leave Syria, Iraq & Iran asap. This will leave a vacuum in that region but that region will be fighting today, tomorrow and 20 years from tomorrow. We are currently waiting for permission from Iraq to place a Patriot Missle Defenses there. The day another nation tells the USA military what they can or cannot do to protect themselves is the day it’s time to go. I’m certain that a national referendum vote on leaving that region immediately would have a positive result.
    Like (43)
    Follow
    Share
    Stop funding war! Start funding clean energy, healthcare, and education!
    Like (39)
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    You ‘tard, Don Young. Our once-prosperous, once-great State is in dire trouble because you, Dan and Lisa give the mining, oil and large companies such huge tax breaks, we can barely exist anymore. And the idiots who keep voting for them are no better. My soul for a Permanent Fund Dividend is how they are. I cannot believe the Native people still vote for them. Boy, have they got YOU fooled.
    Like (26)
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    I liked Michaels opinion and will repost it! The American people should be scared to death about what the demcraps are doing! This is dictatorship!
    Like (23)
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    Repeal the AUMF - trump is reckless and dangerous. And something passed almost two decades ago should not linger and be applied in a TOTALLY different context.
    Like (19)
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    No war in our name!
    Like (16)
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    If course the house passed this bill. Now, frame it, hang it on the wall with all your other unamerican achievements, and watch as the Senate kills your bill, as it deserves to die.
    Like (15)
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    Allows Congress to reclaim its constitutional right to declare war & authorize acts that lead to war preventing an unstable President from usurping the power! “Article I, Section 8, Clause 11 of the U.S. Constitution, the War Powers Clause, vests in the Congress the power to declare war, “
    Like (15)
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    Thank you for voting yes on this bill. We must do all we can to avoid war.
    Like (15)
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    Shame on you Mr Simpson, A Rogue president a Rogue Republican government and you sir are helping to set this country up for another wasted war, which puts blood on your hands!
    Like (13)
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    Yes, we have a stupid person running this Country, Congress must stop abdication the power it has regarding it’s duties, like trade & tariffs, Congress can only declare War, there are 3 coequal branches, stop giving power to one individual
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    Never. I fully support President Trump, he hasn’t failed us yet, I trust his instincts. #MAGA
    Like (10)
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    If republicans want to act like a bunch of narcissistic cowboys, pay for the war yourself, use your own children as soldiers, and leave the rest of the planet Earth alone.
    Like (9)
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    Facts seem to be lacking among the Trumpublicans especially in the Senate. It’s amazing how usually sensible people go all haywire when a Mob Boss fading game show host tells them a pack of lies and they won’t even try to find out the truth. How can the Trumpublicans have a problem with the FACTS of this case when The Prosecution did an excellent job of laying out the case against Trump, so those of you who paid attention bear with me. Some Missing Facts: when Obama authorized the drone strikes we were at war in Iraq. Most importantly he didn’t MURDER AN OFFICIAL OF ANOTHER COUNTRY THAT HE HAD PUSHED TOO FAR & IN A SITUATION WHERE THEY WERE BETWEEN A ROCK & A HARD PLACE. That brought the missile strike which killed 176 people and saved Trump’s butt. Our troops got traumatic brain injuries and an American base was destroyed. All because Trump’s leadership skills are MISSING. Presidents Bush and Obama could have killed Solemani but neither took the opportunity because they realized it would put US in a possible war situation. Trump has mishandled so many circumstances incorrectly, BUT he has never faced consequences of those choices. This should be the time BUT the Trumpublicans are spineless cowards who will not stand up for the constitution. Trump shredded the Nuclear deal with Iran that Obama put in place which started the entire Iran business because he is jealous of Obama. Trump threw our alliance with the Kurds because Putin told him to. He put us & them in a more difficult position by enabling Turkey to raid us because we were in a weaker position. The people on here who are writing about The House Impeachment being a coup have no knowledge of the Constitution or any other governmental law which is needed to have an intelligent opinion nor do they desire to gain any knowledge they just repeat talking points fed to them by Fox News, etc. which peddles Putin Hackers talking points. Not a one of the Trumpublicans have a clue what critical thinking is.
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    What are you thinking???? Send your sons and daughters not ours.
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    Absolute power corrupts....absolutely and Trump was corrupt BEFORE he took office.....Rein him in now...A sociopathic, narcissist will do ANYTHING if given the opportunity and the where withal to do it.
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    The Congress needs to take back the war powers it conceded to the president since now we have a reckless irresponsible self centered president in the office who Never sees beyond the action or has a plan once he gets engaged in something. Congress take back your legislative powers.
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