Employers would be barred from:
Requiring or requesting that an employee or job applicant provide a username, password, or other means of access to a private email account or a social networking website.
Terminating, disciplining, discriminating against, denying promotion or employment to, or threatening any of these actions against an employee who refuses to provide this information.
Employees and applicants may file a complaint, or testify in a proceeding that the employer’s actions violated this Act.
Employer violations could be punished with civil penalties or an injunction brought forward by the Secretary of Labor. If brought to a U.S. district court, an offending employer could be forced to reinstate employment, promote, or compensate lost wages and benefits to a wronged employee.
Students and potential students would also be protected under H.R. 537. Colleges and local school districts would be banned from requesting the aforementioned prohibited information.
And if a student/potential student declines to offer their social media information, educational institutions would not be allowed to take any of the following actions against them:
Denial of admission.
Other forms of discipline or discrimination.