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house Bill H.R. 5

Cutting Federal Requirements and Giving States More Control Over Education Programs

Argument in favor

Removes the onerous requirements and punishments imposed by No Child Left Behind Act. Also gives states the power to set their own metrics and goals for academic achievement.

DonaldTrump's Opinion
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08/21/2015
“I watched Jeb Bush… I think it’s pathetic what’s going on, his stance on Common Core… He’s in favor of Washington educating your children.” [thinkprogress.org]
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ThomasParker's Opinion
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05/23/2015
Absolutely, yes. What we need is free competition between public and private schools.
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ScottWalker's Opinion
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08/20/2015
"Today, I call on the members of the state Legislature to pass a bill in early January (2015) to repeal Common Core and replace it with standards set by people in Wisconsin." Read more at http://www.politifact.com/wisconsin/statements/2015/jan/16/scott-walker/scott-walkers-shifting-position-common-core-educat/
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Argument opposed

Destroys federal oversight in public schools, removes a uniform measurement of academic achievement, and allows school districts to allocate unequal funds to different education programs.

BraveNewFilms's Opinion
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02/27/2015
With Citizens United and the Koch Brothers already infiltrating State Governors down to School Board members, a decision for this would be disastrous. We would be creating the perfect opportunity for Big Business to rewrite curriculums, ultimately brainwashing students to vote in favor of their profit
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JoeBiden's Opinion
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08/21/2015
"I hope we’ll get back to education because I don’t know any government program that John [McCain] is supporting, not early education, more money for it. The reason No Child Left Behind was left behind is the money was left behind, we didn’t fund it." [ontheissues.org]
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wmhayworth's Opinion
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06/21/2015
I absolutely despise No Child Left Behind and like programs that have been proven to not work at all. However, I'm from the state of Missouri and my local government had proven time and time again that they cannot handle funding our schools. We spend the absolute minimum allowed and are (I believe) 48th in the nation when it comes to funding public education. I don't trust my state in this matter.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house Passed July 8th, 2015
    Roll Call Vote 218 Yea / 213 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Education and Labor
      Committee on Financial Services
    IntroducedFebruary 3rd, 2015

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What is House Bill H.R. 5?

The Student Success Act aims to offer states greater control over their public education programs, while weaning them off federal funding. 

Through changes made to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), this bill would:

  • Eliminate over 70 federal education-improvement programs — along with their employees and replace them with a "Local Academic Flexible Grant" to support state initiatives.
  • Grant state and local governments more authority to directly evaluate and improve programs in low-performing schools.
  • Repeal the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) metric used by the federal government to measure school performances.
  • Introduce state measures to help school districts evaluate teacher performance in the classroom.
  • Consolidate various educator programs into a single Teacher and School Leader Flexible Grant program to run a holistic bunch of initiatives that address hiring, training and retaining teachers.
  • Re-authorize the Charter Schools program, which includes programs to promote charter school education.
  • Authorize more resources for programs assisting homeless youth.
  • Increase transparency in the Department of Education.


Finally, the bill prohibits the Secretary of Education from:

  • Imposing assessments on state school districts in exchange for exemption from federal laws.
  • Creating new regulations for school districts, specifically additional standards and assessments.
  • Demanding that states change their standards of academic measurement.

Impact

Students in U.S. public schools (especially those in low income school districts), educators, administrators, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and other Federal education programs.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 5

$137.00 Billion
A CBO cost estimate is unavailable. However, the bill does authorize $65,042,000 for all seven of the fiscal years from 2016 through 2021. A previous CBO estimate from 2013 found that implementing this bill would authorize the appropriation of approximately $137 billion between 2014 and 2018, and it would have $85.6 billion in discretionary costs in the same period.

More Information

In Depth: Proponents of the Student Success Act claim that the bill would achieve a popular bipartisan wish: a major revamp of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Enacted in 2001, the NCLB created assessment standards that schools are required to use to receive federal funding. Since it's implementation, the NCLB has been frequently criticized on both sides of the aisle for being intrusive, financially burdensome, and overly reliant on standardized testing.

The Student Success Act's supporters say it would reduce federal waste by terminating duplicate programs while consolidating others. H.R. 5, they contend, empowers individual school districts to assess and remove incompetent teachers, and have a stronger influence over what is taught in schools.

Others worry that removing federal oversight may lead to other serious inequities in schools. They point to examples like a 2012 Virginia accountability plan that listed achievement targets that were significantly lower for African American students compared to White students. H.R. 5 also relies on states to take greater initiative when it comes to identifying and fixing under-performing schools.

The most serious complaint made against H.R. 5 is a loophole in the Title I law that this bill won’t close. Title I was designed to ensure that poorer schools received equitable funding compared to non-Title I schools. A provision in the NCLB Act allows schools to demonstrate “comparable service” if there is a similar teacher-student ratio. But they don’t need to demonstrate equitable payment of teachers or funding per pupil, which means school districts have the discretion to over-fund wealthy schools and under-fund poorer ones. Critics of H.R. 5 claim that it will effectively sanction an education policy that is harming America’s neediest students.


Media:

(Photo Credit: Flickr user USDAgov)

AKA

Student Success Act

Official Title

To support State and local accountability for public education, protect State and local authority, inform parents of the performance of their children's schools, and for other purposes.

    “I watched Jeb Bush… I think it’s pathetic what’s going on, his stance on Common Core… He’s in favor of Washington educating your children.” [thinkprogress.org]
    Like (72)
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    With Citizens United and the Koch Brothers already infiltrating State Governors down to School Board members, a decision for this would be disastrous. We would be creating the perfect opportunity for Big Business to rewrite curriculums, ultimately brainwashing students to vote in favor of their profit
    Like (27)
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    "No child left behind has failed...this country, this Senate, the House of Representatives must come to grips with the fact that today in America we have a horrendous, a horrendous level of youth unemployment in this country. This is an issue which gets virtually no discussion at all." [c-span.org]
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    "After waiting far too long for Congress to reform No Child Left Behind, my Administration is giving states the opportunity to set higher, more honest standards in exchange for more flexibility." [ed.gov]
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    "Good public schools, good public universities, and good technical training can give us a workforce better than any in the world. Well-trained workers are cost effective, and they can give us a powerful competitive advantage in world markets. Investments in our people pay the highest dividends." [ontheissues.org]
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    "I hope we’ll get back to education because I don’t know any government program that John [McCain] is supporting, not early education, more money for it. The reason No Child Left Behind was left behind is the money was left behind, we didn’t fund it." [ontheissues.org]
    Like (23)
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    I absolutely despise No Child Left Behind and like programs that have been proven to not work at all. However, I'm from the state of Missouri and my local government had proven time and time again that they cannot handle funding our schools. We spend the absolute minimum allowed and are (I believe) 48th in the nation when it comes to funding public education. I don't trust my state in this matter.
    Like (15)
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    As much as common core sucks, I'd be terrified of what criteria our lawmakers in Florida come up with.
    Like (12)
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    Absolutely, yes. What we need is free competition between public and private schools.
    Like (11)
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    "Today, I call on the members of the state Legislature to pass a bill in early January (2015) to repeal Common Core and replace it with standards set by people in Wisconsin." Read more at http://www.politifact.com/wisconsin/statements/2015/jan/16/scott-walker/scott-walkers-shifting-position-common-core-educat/
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    One size does not fit all. Some states use a bigger % of their budgets for education than others.....it's their choice. but I am in favor of a national standard for all students.
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    "I am for creating real restrictions on the federal government's role in this so you can alleviate people's fears that you're going to have some kind of control by the federal government of content, of curriculum, or even standards," Read more at http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2015/02/26/2016-presidential-hopefuls-common-core/24047069/
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    I just don't want creationism and religion seeping into our public schools. I'm fine with the idea of the bill, but I'm afraid it opens too many possibilities for people to violate the establishment clause of the Constitution.
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    “Now Joni Ernst on the other side, she wants to...eliminate the Department of Education. How much less schooling do you think would be good for our kids, Joni? Can you imagine someone with those sorts of extreme views holding the seat that Tom Harkin so ably filled?” [edexcellence.net]
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    You MUST keep everyone accountable. If you don't they won't do what they are supposed. I have 43 years experience in education...I know.
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    "We should not leave education solely in the hands of politicians. No Child Left Behind should be improved so that we realistically assess the progress of our children and continue to push for advancement." [kevinmccarthy.house.gov]
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    US schools should meet standards across state lines. We don't reside in bubbles.
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    People in the far, far, far eastern part of the US (read "inside the Beltway") arrogantly believe they, and only they, know what is best for student education throughout the entire country. Many know nothing about education, not even what goes on in their kids' schools. They have absolutely no reason and no logic when determining educational standards. Every time you people pass a law, you use it to penalize those who do not agree with you, and you create another huge group of criminals. Except for legislation and impeaching the current White House resident for fiscal, political, and other forms of treason, and for intentionally undermining the Constitution and citizens' security, why don't you all take a break for about 3-5 years?
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    There should be a common standard for all states to endure all children receive the same education
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    The federal government's control of children's education is unnecessary. Instead, states should be in control of educational direction of students.
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