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house Bill H.R. 5

Cutting Federal Requirements and Giving States More Control Over Education Programs

Argument in favor

Removes the onerous requirements and punishments imposed by No Child Left Behind Act. Also gives states the power to set their own metrics and goals for academic achievement.

Kmueller14's Opinion
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12/16/2015
Politicians need to listen to the teachers on this one. Students are suffering as a direct result from all the standardized testing. Teachers are forced to put students passing these tests above making sure the kids are actually learning, or else they will lose their jobs. Cater to the kids, not the government.
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RetVet's Opinion
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08/09/2015
State Organizations administrate State education...they are responsible for it and how well it is being done. The federal education programs guide and assist...they should never dictate or require qualifying standards to receive federally obtained public funds meant to assist states educate their children and doing their job.
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wdunbar06's Opinion
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03/29/2016
While there should be some standards that are met nationally, IN GENERAL the states and/or teachers should be able to decide what they teach and how they teach it.
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Argument opposed

Destroys federal oversight in public schools, removes a uniform measurement of academic achievement, and allows school districts to allocate unequal funds to different education programs.

LanceCarricoFL's Opinion
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01/29/2016
There must be certain education standards that prevent states from neglecting children with off-the wall learning standards that do nothing to help the students. We need certain standards for teaching and learning at the federal level to ensure every student is given a fair, unindocterinated education free from religeous, or outdated influences/concepts. We must protect our children from bigotry, so all may have a fair chance at aquiring an education.
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Josef-paul's Opinion
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03/25/2016
Students of all ages need to be taught how to compete not only in local and national markets, but on an international level if we're going to insure the future success of America.
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DemocraticDylan's Opinion
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05/01/2016
Every child should have to be taught general subjects and skills. We have seen the results of giving the states control. In some states they have completely white washed education and said slavery was a side issue. Furthermore, in some states they value stem education less and drastically defund programs that can lead to better academic success like Head Start. We need a federal floor for standards to make sure that states do not dilute their classrooms.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
  • The house Passed July 19th, 2013
    Roll Call Vote 221 Yea / 207 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Education and Labor
      Committee on Financial Services
    IntroducedJune 6th, 2013

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What is House Bill H.R. 5?

H.R. 5 (the Student Success Act) aims to offer states greater control over their public education programs, while weaning them off federal funding.

Through changes made to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
H.R. 5 would:
  • Eliminate over 70 federal education-improvement programsalong with their employees and replace them with a "Local Academic Flexible Grant" to support state initiatives.
  • Grant state and local governments more authority to directly evaluate and improve programs in low-performing schools.
  • Repeal the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) metric used by the federal government to measure school performances.
  • Introduce state measures to help school districts evaluate teacher performance in the classroom.
  • Consolidate various educator programs into a single Teacher and School Leader Flexible Grant program to run a holistic bunch of initiatives that address hiring, training and retaining teachers.
  • Re-authorize the Charter Schools program, which includes programs to promote charter school education.
  • Authorize more resources for programs assisting homeless youth.
  • Increase transparency in the Department of Education.


Finally, the bill prohibits the Secretary of Education from:

  • Imposing assessments on state school districts in exchange for exemption from federal laws.
  • Creating new regulations for school districts, specifically additional standards and assessments.
  • Demanding that states change their standards of academic measurement.

Impact

Students in U.S. public schools (especially those in low income school districts), educators, administrators, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and other Federal education programs.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 5

$137.00 Billion
The CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5 would authorize the appropriation of approximately $137 billion between 2014 and 2018, and it would have $85.6 billion in discretionary costs in the same period.

More Information

In Depth:

Proponents of H.R. 5 — or the Student Success Act — claim that the bill would achieve a popular bipartisan wish: a major revamp of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Enacted in 2001, the NCLB created assessment standards that schools are required to use to receive federal funding. Since it's implementation, the NCLB has been frequently criticized on both sides of the aisle for being intrusive, financially burdensome, and overly reliant on standardized testing.

The Student Success Act's supporters say it would reduce federal waste by terminating duplicate programs while consolidating others. H.R. 5, they contend, empowers individual school districts to assess and remove incompetent teachers, and have a stronger influence over what is taught in schools.

The most serious complaint made against H.R. 5 is a loophole in the Title I law that this bill won’t close. Title I was designed to ensure that poorer schools received equitable funding compared to non-Title I schools. A provision in the NCLB Act allows schools to demonstrate “comparable service” if there is a similar teacher-student ratio. But they don’t need to demonstrate equitable payment of teachers or funding per pupil, which means school districts have the discretion to over-fund wealthy schools and under-fund poorer ones. Critics of H.R. 5 claim that it will effectively sanction an education policy that is harming America’s neediest students.


Others worry that removing federal oversight may lead to other serious inequities in schools. They point to examples like a 2012 Virginia accountability plan that listed achievement targets that were significantly lower for
African American students compared to White students. H.R. 5 also relies on states to take greater initiative when it comes to identifying and fixing under-performing schools.

Media:

Sponsoring Rep. John Kline (R-MN) Press Release

CBO Cost Estimate

Star Tribune

Education Workforce

American Progress


(Photo Credit: Flickr user USDAgov)

AKA

Student Success Act

Official Title

To support State and local accountability for public education, protect State and local authority, inform parents of the performance of their children's schools, and for other purposes.

    Politicians need to listen to the teachers on this one. Students are suffering as a direct result from all the standardized testing. Teachers are forced to put students passing these tests above making sure the kids are actually learning, or else they will lose their jobs. Cater to the kids, not the government.
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    Get rid of the DOE and we will take a huge step toward American youth being properly prepared for the real world. States and communities should decide what is most important for kids to learn, not the federal government.
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    While there should be some standards that are met nationally, IN GENERAL the states and/or teachers should be able to decide what they teach and how they teach it.
    Like (1)
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    State Organizations administrate State education...they are responsible for it and how well it is being done. The federal education programs guide and assist...they should never dictate or require qualifying standards to receive federally obtained public funds meant to assist states educate their children and doing their job.
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    Education should be left to the states, simple as that.
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    Some standards should be met, however the states know what is best for their children.
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    Education has absolutely no place at the federal level, it's a state issue and needs to return to that way.
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    Government does a poor job. It's the states role.
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    State rights always should almost always outweigh Federal authority
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    The federal government needs to get out of the states businesses
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    Common Core has to be eradicated. These students are not learning anything in class that will be useful in the workforce. They are just being taught how to take a test, not to be respectful American citizens.
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    There must be certain education standards that prevent states from neglecting children with off-the wall learning standards that do nothing to help the students. We need certain standards for teaching and learning at the federal level to ensure every student is given a fair, unindocterinated education free from religeous, or outdated influences/concepts. We must protect our children from bigotry, so all may have a fair chance at aquiring an education.
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    Regardless of Federal requirements education will always differ to some degree, not just on a state by state basis but also regionally and on the very methods of the educators themselves. Giving states more control should help better understand the individual educational systems and would probably expose some truths about the American educational system.
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    Right now kids in high school are forced to take the SLO testing that the government set up. It is a pointless test.
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    Federal education programs are very ineffective, letting the states decide what to do is the best option for the future of this country
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    Now more than ever it has become obvious that our education system needs to be reformed. It needs to be centralized to create a unified system where all students across the United States receive equal education to the best of the governments ability. Reform is needed, but giving each state complete control over their education will disrupt the United States as a whole.
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    I think this issue deserves national standards.
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    Assuming that states teach their kids the general basics and don't try to disprove Darwin or throw religion in the mix. States should have the right to teach the kids what they want. It's their state they know what works.
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    Sure, who need standards?
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    No federal body should be determining the format or content of the education provided to our youth. These decisions need to be in the hands of the parents, and local bodies.
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