Through changes made to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) H.R. 5 would:
- Eliminate over 70 federal education-improvement programs—along with their employees — and replace them with a "Local Academic Flexible Grant" to support state initiatives.
- Grant state and local governments more authority to directly evaluate and improve programs in low-performing schools.
- Repeal the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) metric used by the federal government to measure school performances.
- Introduce state measures to help school districts evaluate teacher performance in the classroom.
- Consolidate various educator programs into a single Teacher and School Leader Flexible Grant program to run a holistic bunch of initiatives that address hiring, training and retaining teachers.
- Re-authorize the Charter Schools program, which includes programs to promote charter school education.
- Authorize more resources for programs assisting homeless youth.
- Increase transparency in the Department of Education.
Finally, the bill prohibits the Secretary of Education from:
- Imposing assessments on state school districts in exchange for exemption from federal laws.
- Creating new regulations for school districts, specifically additional standards and assessments.
- Demanding that states change their standards of academic measurement.