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house Bill H.R. 4617

Should Loopholes Allowing Foreign Interference & Deceptive Practices in U.S. Elections be Closed?

Argument in favor

Foreign interference is a growing and insidious problem in American elections, and should be stopped. Similarly, deceptive practices that hinder voters’ registration and votes are fundamentally undemocratic and should be stopped.

Bruce's Opinion
···
10/20/2019
Exactly who would vote against closing loopholes permitting foreign interference and deception in US elections? Oh--that's right Moscow Mitch!
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jimK's Opinion
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10/23/2019
Yes, put controls on foreign influence of our elections and any offers of support by foreign nationals. There needs to be some additional cyber support to stop military psi-ops disinformation campaigns from influencing the electorate, especially by gaining detailed non-public polling data to target key districts in order to swing our outdated Electoral College voting. Dark funding to PAC’s must be prohibited- way too open to foreign influence. The FEC cannot currently vote since it has lost the required quorum and the President and Senate have not acted to appoint new members (I am not sure, but I don’t believe that the House has a direct responsibility for this). Also, there are few Congress people who want to be in an FEC hot seat this year. Finally, PAC’s are legally required to be completely free of influence from the politicians they choose to support. That doesn’t seem to be the way they are operating. trump’s campaign manager arranged for his wife to run a PAC for trump -which should be illegal. I do not believe that there was ever any enforcement guidelines for this and most politicians seem to have a blind eye. A final PAC control that should be enforced is to stop any implicit or explicit ‘guidance’ of a PAC over any elected official. Non-profit organizations should not be allowed to donate to candidates or campaigns since they obviously have profits to invest in buying political influence - so by definition, they must be profitable.
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Robert's Opinion
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10/20/2019
They claim that this is a Democrat plot to censure “free speech”, yet the Republicans pass laws against protest.
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Argument opposed

This bill’s provisions could have a chilling effect on free speech, and could also hurt journalism. Democrats — who crafted this legislation without Republicans’ input — clearly intended it to be a partisan tool for pursuing their impeachment campaign against President Donald Trump.

James's Opinion
···
10/20/2019
A bigger problem is Facebook and Google's influence in our election.
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Mark's Opinion
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10/23/2019
This bill has been introduced by a hyper partisan socialist Democrat. So it’s automatically garbage.
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Loraki's Opinion
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10/23/2019
I voted “NAY,” primarily because the Democrats would NEVER have supported such a measure while a Democrat was sitting in the White House Oval Office! Their hypocrisy knows no bounds! Like gun control legislation, this would do NOTHING to stop corrupt politicians from breaking the law. And our society is becoming increasingly LAWLESS every year!
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Rules and Administration
  • The house Passed October 23rd, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 227 Yea / 181 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Administration
      Committee on the Judiciary
    IntroducedOctober 8th, 2019

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What is House Bill H.R. 4617?

This bill — the SHIELD Act of 2019 — would combat foreign interference in U.S. elections by closing loopholes that allow foreign spending in U.S. elections, boosting disclosure and transparency requirements, and creating a duty to report illicit offers of campaign assistance from foreign nations. 


Duty to Report

This bill would require political campaigns, parties, and political committees (such as PACs and Super PACs) to report attempts by foreign governments, foreign political parties, and their agents to influence our elections. These reports would be made to authorities at the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Additionally, this bill requires campaigns to establish compliance mechanisms to ensure that illicit offers of assistance are caught and reported.

Anyone who violates these provisions would be subject to fines of up to $500,00 and/or imprisonment for up to five years. Additionally, anyone who knowingly and willfully conceals or destroys materials relating to a reportable foreign contact would be subject to fines of up to $1 million and/or imprisonment for up to five years.

Online Political Ad Transparency

This bill would make political ads sold online (such as on Facebook, Twitter, and Google) covered by the same rules as ads sold on TV, radio, and satellite by adding “paid internet or paid digital communications” to the definition of electioneering communication. Such communications would be required to clearly and conspicuously include disclaimers detailing who paid for the communication and provide a means for the recipient of the communication to obtain the remainder of the information with minimal effort. This requirement would apply to paid political ads online made on or after January 1, 2020.

It would also require online platforms to maintain complete records of any requests to purchase qualified political advertisements made by a persons whose aggregate requests on the online platform exceed $500 in a calendar year. These records would also have to be publicly available in a machine-readable format. 

Finally, it would require broadcasters, providers of cable or satellite television, and online platforms to make reasonable efforts to ensure that political advertising is not purchased by foreign nationals, whether directly or indirectly. 


Closing Foreign Money Loopholes

This bill would strengthen the FEC’s foreign money ban on foriegn nationals making contributions and expenditures in connection with elections by codifying language from an FEC regulation rendering it unlawful for a foreign national to direct, dictate, control, or directly or indirectly participate in the decision making process of any person (including a corporation, labor organization, political committee, or political organization) with regard to such person’s election activity. This includes decision-making about making contributions, donations, expenditures, or disbursements in connection with elections.

This bill would also prohibit foreign nationals from participating in decision-making about contributions or expenditures by corporations, PACs, Super PACs, and other entities. It would also require PACs and super PACs to make annual certifications of compliance before they can make campaign contributions or expenditures. Additionally, this bill would extend an existing prohibition on soliciting contributions or donations from foreign nationals in connection with federal, state, or local elections to also apply to state or local ballot initiatives or referenda. Finally, it would extend an existing FEC prohibition on foreign nationals making expenditures or disbursements for electioneering communications to include digital and broadcast communications promoting, referring to, or opposing specific candidates or espousing a view on an issue of national legislative importance. 

The FEC would be required to conduct random audits to determine the incidence of illicit foreign money in each Federal election cycle. No later than 180 days before the end of a federal election cycle, the FEC would then submit a report to Congress detailing the audit’s results and making recommendations to address the presence of any illicit foreign money.


Prohibiting Communication Between Candidates & Foreign Governments

This bill would deem the offering of non-public campaign material to foreign governments and those linked with foreign governments and their agents as an illegal solicitation of support, even in the absence of an agreement or formal collaboration. This would include polling and focus group data and opposition research. 


Prohibiting Deceptive Voting Practices

This bill would prohibit anyone from providing false information about voting rules and qualifications for voting, provide mechanisms for disseminating correct information, and establish strong penalties for voter intimidation. 

Specifically, would make illegal to impede, hinder, discourage, or prevent another person from voting by knowingly providing false information about the time or place of voting or the qualifications for voting. It would also prohibit: 

  • Knowingly disseminating false written, electronic, telephonic, or other statements regarding Federal elections within 60 days of an election.
  • Intentionally interfering with or hindering others’ voting, registering to vote, or helping another person register to vote or vote in a federal election. 

To enforce these provisions, this bill would create criminal penalties for violations, including up to five years in prison for deceptive practices and a monetary penalty of up to $100,000. Additionally, it would create a private right of action for preventive relief by injunction, restraining order or other order.

The Attorney General would be required to issue a correction upon receipt of a credible report of materially false information regarding elections and a determination that state and local election officials failed to clarify and correct the information. To the extent practicable, this information would have to be disseminated by means that would reach the persons to whom the materially false information was communication. The correction could not be designed to favor or disfavor any particular candidate, organization, or political party. 

Within 180 days of this bill’s enactment, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Election Assistance Commission, State and local election officials, civil rights organizations, voter rights and protection groups, and other interested community organizations would publish written procedures and standards for determining corrective action. 

Impact

Voters; political campaigns; PACs and super PACS; political advertisements; political campaigns’ acceptance and solicitation of foreign assistance and funds for elections; deceptive practices in elections; FEC; Attorney General; foreign governments; and foreign nationals.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 4617

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) introduced this bill to combat foreign interference in American elections

“Most Americans know that foreign governments have no business interfering in our elections. Instead, the Trump campaign and White House have welcomed and repeatedly solicited foreign assistance for his political activities. This behavior is unacceptable, and it is telling that the White House has gone to great lengths to hide it from the American people. The SHIELD Act will protect our elections from foreign interference by closing loopholes that allow dishonest behavior, increasing disclosure and transparency requirements, and ensuring that individuals engaging in conduct with foreign actors intending to influence the outcome of our elections will be held accountable by law.”

People for the American Way (PFAW) supports this bill. Marge Baker, PFAW Executive Vice President for Policy and Program, says: 

“The timing for this legislation couldn’t be more relevant, as evidence mounts regarding the scheme undertaken by President Trump, Rudy Giuliani and others to engage Ukraine’s help in the president’s re-election campaign. The House should move promptly to pass the SHIELD Act and continue to work diligently to protect the integrity of our elections.”

Original cosponsor Rep. John Sarbanes (D-MD),  Chair of the Democracy Reform Task Force, adds

“Foreign adversaries attacked our elections in 2016 and they’re coming for us again in 2020. House Democrats have moved quickly to protect our democracy from foreign interference. As our first order of business, we passed H.R. 1, the For the People Act, which would modernize election infrastructure across the country, help block illicit foreign political activity online and crack down on secret foreign money and lobbying in our politics. We also swiftly passed the SAFE Act (H.R. 2722), a bill to help states upgrade and secure their voting systems. Today, we’re introducing The SHIELD Act, a bill to root out foreign influence, disinformation and interference in our elections. Senate Republicans and Majority Leader Mitch McConnell must take up these critical national security bills as soon as possible. There’s no time to waste.”

Rep. Rodney Davis (R-IL) has spoken out against some aspects of this bill. In particular, he argues that language saying nothing in this bill should be construed to “impede legitimate journalistic activities” could easily become a hornet’s nest due to debate over the word “legitimate.” Observing that “[e]ach side of the media thinks it is reporting legitimate news,” Davis has suggested the verbiage “legitimate” either be broadened by abolished altogether. 

Rep. Lofgren disagrees with Rep. Davis’s opinion. Quoting from a 2016 FEC advisory opinion that had unanimous approval from all Republican members of the board, she says

“The language should remain because it is modeled after the FEC’s own requirements when applying press exemptions ‘that consider whether an outlet or journalist is acting in their legitimate function.’ Let’s say you have oligarch number one that comes to your campaign. You have a duty to report. But if it’s a legitimate reporter as defined by the legitimate press functions and the whole existing body of law, the requirement to report to the FEC or FBI would not exist. It’s a press inquiry, not foreign interference.”

At this bill’s committee markup, Rep. Davis called it “unfixable in its current form.” He also proposed 10 amendments — including one that would have eliminated the online political advertisement rules — that were mostly voted down by the Democratic majority. Rep. Davis raised concerns that this bill would have “severe consequences on the American people and a chilling effect on free speech,” particularly through the regulation of online political advertisements. He also criticized the “partisanship” involved in putting this legislation together, noted the existence of “legitimate election security concerns” that the bill is meant to address, and denounced Rep. Lofgren’s and committee Democrats’ failure to find a “bipartisan solution to our collective concerns.” He said:

“Once again, the majority has chosen to continue this pattern we’ve seen all Congress where they rush legislation, without any hearings or public discussion of the issues, and insert poison pills into a bill that they know we will not support, all in an effort to prop up their unfounded impeachment efforts against the president.”

Two days after the committee passed this bill, Rep. Davis was joined by a number of Republican lawmakers in introducing their own legislation to reduce foreign interference in U.S. elections, the Honest Elections Act. Rep. Davis said

“We may never be able to prevent criminal activity, whether that’s in our elections or in our day-to-day lives, but we can provide our law enforcement with the best tools and resources available. It's imperative that our elections systems are free from foreign influence, and I hope my colleagues on both sides of the aisle will support this legislation and put the needs of the American people first." 

The Trump administration expressed its opposition to this bill in an October 23, 2019 statement of administration policy. While it agreed with the goal of increasing accountability and transparency in elections, the Administration argued that this bill is "redundant, overly broad, ambiguous, and unenforceable." It added: 

"The Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) and current regulations already address the policy objectives of [this bill], and the bill’s expansive language would make impartial and predictable implementation of the law impossible. [This bill's] ambiguous language would ensnare American citizens and entities acting in good faith in its web of requirements and prohibitions... In fact, the bill’s expansive definitions seem designed to instill a persistent fear among Americans engaged in political activity that any interactions they may have with a foreign national could put them in legal jeopardy and jeopardize the political viability of the candidates or issues they support... While the Trump Administration seeks to limit foreign national interference in our elections by strengthening FECA and combatting illegal behavior, the SHIELD Act would produce harmful unintended consequences without achieving that goal."

This legislation passed the Committee on House Administration by a 6-1 vote with the support of 101 Democratic House cosponsors. It then passed the House by a 227-181 vote on October 23, 2019 without any Republicans.


Of NoteInvestigations and whistleblower accounts have detailed extensive communications between the Trump White House, Trump campaign, and foreign governments. Investigators have found over 100 contacts from Russia and Wikileaks between President Trump and at least 17 of his campaign officials and advisors. Recently, the President and his administration have solicited foreign interference in the 2020 American elections from multiple foreign governments, including China, Ukraine (which he’s facing impeachment proceedings over), and Australia.

In June 2017, Sen. James Risch (R-ID), chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, interrogated then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions about collusion with foreign governments to influence an American election. Sen. Risch said, “Collusion with the Russians - or any other government, for that matter, when it comes to our elections – certainly would be improper and illegal. Would that be a fair statement?” to which then-AG Sessions answered, “Absolutely.”

FEC chair Ellen Weintraub notes that the law is already clear on the illegality of accepting foreign nationals’ help in U.S. elections. In an interview on “Morning Joe,” she said, “[T]he law is pretty clear. ... It is absolutely illegal for anyone to solicit, accept, or receive anything of value from a foreign national in connection with any election in the United States.”

Edward B. Foley, director of the Election Law Program at the Ohio State University’s Moritz College of Law, argues that “[h]istory shows that a president sometimes might be justified in asking a foreign country to investigate a political rival, including a former vice president.” For example, in 1804, Aaron Burr contacted the British government, apparently to peddle a plan for severing part of the U.S. to form a new country in western territory. In response, President Thomas Jefferson had Burr prosecuted for treason (he was found not guilty). 

In this case, Foley contends, Jefferson would have been justified in asking Britain to help gather more information about Burr’s involvement in this plot, even though Jefferson was seeking reelection at the time and Burr might have coveted the presidency in spite of his plot. Given the circumstances, Foley concludes, “Whatever the circumstances of the electoral rivalries at that moment—and campaigns back then were, of course, very different from today—Jefferson as president would have been acting responsibly if he had requested Britain’s assistance in the investigation of Burr.”

The House has already passed two pieces of legislation to protect U.S. elections in the current Congressional session. They are the For the People Act (H.R.1), which passed the House by a 234-193 party-line vote in March 2019; and the Securing America’s Federal Elections (SAFE) Act (H.R.2722, also sponsored by Rep. Lofgren), which passed by a 225-184 vote in June 2019. 

Both bills were rejected by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) due to Republican concerns over elections being federalized and concerns that their language didn’t address election security. They remain in limbo as of mid-October 2019. 

Commenting on those bills’ fates, Rep. Lofgren says, “The committee and House have acted twice to shore up confidence in elections…we should all be able to agree we need to protect our democracy and with a sense of urgency. This shouldn’t been a partisan opinion.”


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / stuartmiles99)

AKA

SHIELD Act

Official Title

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to clarify the obligation to report acts of foreign election influence and require implementation of compliance and reporting systems by Federal campaigns to detect and report such acts, and for other purposes.

    Exactly who would vote against closing loopholes permitting foreign interference and deception in US elections? Oh--that's right Moscow Mitch!
    Like (159)
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    A bigger problem is Facebook and Google's influence in our election.
    Like (44)
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    Yes, put controls on foreign influence of our elections and any offers of support by foreign nationals. There needs to be some additional cyber support to stop military psi-ops disinformation campaigns from influencing the electorate, especially by gaining detailed non-public polling data to target key districts in order to swing our outdated Electoral College voting. Dark funding to PAC’s must be prohibited- way too open to foreign influence. The FEC cannot currently vote since it has lost the required quorum and the President and Senate have not acted to appoint new members (I am not sure, but I don’t believe that the House has a direct responsibility for this). Also, there are few Congress people who want to be in an FEC hot seat this year. Finally, PAC’s are legally required to be completely free of influence from the politicians they choose to support. That doesn’t seem to be the way they are operating. trump’s campaign manager arranged for his wife to run a PAC for trump -which should be illegal. I do not believe that there was ever any enforcement guidelines for this and most politicians seem to have a blind eye. A final PAC control that should be enforced is to stop any implicit or explicit ‘guidance’ of a PAC over any elected official. Non-profit organizations should not be allowed to donate to candidates or campaigns since they obviously have profits to invest in buying political influence - so by definition, they must be profitable.
    Like (120)
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    They claim that this is a Democrat plot to censure “free speech”, yet the Republicans pass laws against protest.
    Like (81)
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    We need to stop Russian and Chinese interference in our elections and now the Ukraine. It’s incomprehensible that anyone but republicans who want interference would vote no. Rep Fitzpatrick I am beyond disgusted with your vote
    Like (27)
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    We need to let 1 person, one vote be the law of the land. Stop election fraud. Stop foreign interference. Stop gerrymandering.
    Like (25)
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    This bill has been introduced by a hyper partisan socialist Democrat. So it’s automatically garbage.
    Like (21)
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    I voted “NAY,” primarily because the Democrats would NEVER have supported such a measure while a Democrat was sitting in the White House Oval Office! Their hypocrisy knows no bounds! Like gun control legislation, this would do NOTHING to stop corrupt politicians from breaking the law. And our society is becoming increasingly LAWLESS every year!
    Like (19)
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    How obvious must it be? French Hill, YOU are a disgrace to your constituents and all Americans. How do you vote no on keeping foreign money out of elections. Shame on you! What and who did you make your oath to, exactly?
    Like (18)
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    Yes, we need to "combat foreign interference in U.S. elections by closing loopholes that allow foreign spending in U.S. elections, boosting disclosure and transparency requirements, and creating a duty to report illicit offers of campaign assistance from foreign nations." We need to learn from 2016, the most DANGEROUS election in United States history.
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    Absolutely. Tired of the cheating & lies.
    Like (16)
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    Why impeach: Rudolph W. Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, is running a shadow foreign policy in Ukraine that circumvents U.S. officials and career diplomats in order to personally benefit President trump. Igor Fruman and Lev Parnas. Look them up. North Korea just tested a submarine launched missile. He just released 10,000 Isis fighters into the world when he betrayed the Kurds. Our allies who have fought against Isis right beside our troops for years. They are being slaughtered right now. All because he has a tower in Istanbul. “The Americans betrayed us. We do not trust them anymore,” she added. These used to be our Kurdish allies that stood against ISIS. He is refusing to comply with the law. He is using the power of the presidency to withhold aide to one of the worst humanitarian crisis on the planet in exchange for political favors in order to sway the 20/20 election. He is acting like a criminal and threatening the life of the whistleblower. Mr. America first is sending troops to Saudi Arabia in support of a murdering dictator who spends millions at his hotels and resorts. Corey Lewandowski testified to congress that trump ordered him to obstruct justice. He is blocking information that pertains to the safety of our country from reaching congress. He has been threatening NOAA, a federal agency, with punishment if they do not disavow the truth and side with his lies. He invited the Taliban to Camp David the week of 9/11. He is a #PussyAssBitch He’s doctoring weather maps to try and prove he’s not an idiot. He has stayed at trump properties 293 days in 3 years, that’s our tax dollars going directly into his pocket. He took money from military daycares to pay for a wall that won’t work and no one wants. The Vice President and the Attorney General are both spending tax payer dollars on trump hotels, lining his pockets and currying his favor. He has privately instructed aides to skirt laws and regulations to get the wall built faster — and told them he will pardon them if necessary. He is pressuring a government agency to give a contract for his wall to a company whose chief executive is a donor to one of his top GOP allies in Congress. He took hundreds of millions from 127 different projects (FEMA being one of those) for his wall. He thinks nuking a hurricane is an idea. He is host the next G-7 at one of his own resorts. Again our tax dollars paying him directly. He taunted Iran by tweeting a classified image of an Iranian rocket that had exploded, thereby potentially compromising U.S. intelligence capabilities. His own company would save millions from the low interest rates he is demanding. He was going to give you tax cuts through your paychecks but decided not to. This year the richest of us payed less in taxes than the rest of us. He is destroying the economy with HIS trade war. We will soon average a 1.2 trillion deficit. He is repeating NRA talking points on background checks so expect no action taken regardless of the fact there has been 27 arrested over threats to commit mass attacks since El Paso( NOT TOLEDO). He made fun of republicans being afraid of the NRA and then caved after a 30 minute phone conversation with them. He bragged about indefinite child detention because it brings families together. He is refusing flue shots, that protect us all(google influenza pandemic), to immigrant children. He is attacking fellow congresswomen in really disgusting ways and making anti-Semitic remarks about Jews calling them disloyal. He thinks he’s the chosen one based on a conspiracy theory web sight. He has: Obstructed Justice. Is profiting from the Presidency. Colluded - They had a meeting & lied about it. Advocated political & police violence. Abuse of power. Engaging in reckless behavior. Persecuting political opponents. Attacking the free press. Violating immigrants Right to Due Process. Violating campaign finance laws. Racist: Speaks directly to and often tweeting straight from white supremacists. Calls them very fine people. Told fellow congresswomen to go back where they came from. Called them shit hole countries. Called them murderers and rapists. Calls her Pocahontas. Took out full page adds calling for the death of five innocent black kids in New York, 1989. Literally has said in an interview he has Hitlers speeches, My New Order in his nightstand. Our Money: Spent campaign finance money on hush payments to silence a porn star he had an affair with in order to hide it from the voters. Has spent over $100 million of our tax dollars playing golf at his own golf courses. Has never divested from companies and advertises and profits off the White House. Was going to cut Medicaid and Medicare funding to pay for the tax cuts he gave to the rich. Is actively destroying farmers lives with his trade wars that we all know only hurts our pockets not Chinas. Has made the lives of every truck driver across America as well as our own, more dangerous by removing safety regulations that only benefits the pockets of the CEOs of those companies. Has removed any and all protections we had in place from work safety, environment, women’s rights, LGBTQ rights and gives that power back to the CEOs, oil companies, men and old white men. Saudi funded lobbyist rented 500 rooms at a trump hotel he never divested from right after he became president. Wonder why? Sexual Predator: Accused by more than 20 women of molestation and rape. Bragged about said molestation on tape. Has cheated on all three wives (see above). Has made sexual remarks on camera about his daughter. Belittles and bully’s women. Not even sure he’s aware he has two daughters. Has allowed North Korea to grow there nuclear weapons program. Took the side of Putin over America’s own security agencies on the national stage. Lacks the intelligence and facts needed to communicate on a global level much less national one. Makes policy decisions based on FOX media. Lies when speaks. Doesn’t believe in science and quite often displays his ignorance of it. Russia: Lied about meetings with Russians. Lied about a trump tower Moscow. Personal attorney Michael Cohen (same guy who broke campaign finance laws under trumps direction) had contacts with russian officials. National Security aide Flynn resigned over Russian contacts. Jeff Sessions recused himself because of Russian contacts. Manafort resigned because of Russian contacts. Campaign foreign policy adviser Papadopoulos met with Russians then bragged about it to Australians who then turned that info over to our FBI. Sixteen campaign officials had contacts with Russia and at least nine others new about it. Russian mobster lived in trump tower. trump casino was flagged 106 times for lax money laundering standards and same Russian frequently stayed at trump casino. Has been selling real estate to Russians for years. It really is surprising how many connections to Russians this man has. Rick Scott, Marco Rubio, Bill Posey You are my representatives. OLC policy: The indictment or criminal prosecution of a crime sitting President would unconstitutionally undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions. It’s time to do your job. You swore an oath to this country, it’s people and me to uphold the constitution. The president has never upheld that oath. How do you want to be remembered?
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    You are a disgrace to your constituents and all Americans. How do you vote no on keeping foreign money out of elections. Shame on you
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    Democrats don’t care about foreign influence when they hold office. This is completely political.
    Like (11)
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    I agree this bill needs to go through on a yes vote. But I think, isn't it a shame that THE RULES need to be spelled out in detail for those people who either do not understand the constitution or are not able to read it in the first place.
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    So, Republicans are inviting interference in US elections. Just as they did in 2016! They are beyond redemption and their actions in the House today are criminal. Biggs is the ring leader of illegal cover ups and obstruction of justice seen since the rightful and legal hearings by the House have begun.
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    Protecting our electoral process is essential.
    Like (9)
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    Common sense legislation to stop these types of situations from happening. We wouldn't need the legislation if the current president didn't keep asking foreign countries for help to win elections. But the Republicans doesn't care about fair elections so of course they are so dumb and like sheep that follows their party leaders and the dumbest president in history, instead of living by morals, norms, or values. Kipzinger needs to go because he is another puppet that has lost his way and just plays a political game with all the other morans that stopped working for the people after they took office. Unfortunately, as Americans we need to throw out all the old crap politicians... Republicans, Independents, and Democrats that vote on party lines instead of common since legislation. The system will remain broken unless we fix it and vote based on our concious, evaluations of candidates, take big money out of politics, and elect people that will hopefully place it's people first, especially when voting on something that just makes good sense. What another shameful day in american history.
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    You can’t guarantee and build trust for America, when our elections let in, corruption from far away, with no defense to stop it.
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    “…The Constitution gives Congress the right to pursue impeachment. And a president inviting foreign interference in American affairs — for personal gain — clearly qualifies as a potential ‘high crime’…” “…For other Republicans, it’s remembering that they don’t need to submit to Trump. Even though he says the earth is flat, they can say it’s round…” David Leonhardt, NYTimes 10-9-19
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