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house Bill H.R. 4301

Should There be a Federal Definition of ‘School Shooting’ & Annual Report on School Crime?

Argument in favor

Developing a better understanding of school shootings is an important first step in developing policies to make schools safer and prevent these tragedies. Creating a federal definition of “school shooting” and requiring an annual report on associated school crimes would help inform policy that affects school shootings. This would in turn lead to policies that are more effective at keeping students safe.

Kathi13's Opinion
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11/16/2019
Better yet, find and implement methods to stop school shootings.
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Rebekah 's Opinion
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11/16/2019
The Republicans stopped all research into gun fatalities as payment for NRA donations years ago. Now that we’re having a massacre a week, it’s about time we do. All the other countries have mental illness, video games, and angry people but only we allow them guns that spray bullets like water. Coincidence?
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Just.Dave's Opinion
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11/16/2019
School Shooting; noun; A shooting, as in with a fire arm, that takes place on school grounds, during regular school hours. "There was another school shooting in a Los Angels county high school where a 16 year old male shot 6 people, so we should raise the age to purchase fire arms to 21 years rather than 18 to stop these shootings." Definition complete. FBI already tracks this information as well as all other crime statistics. Done and done. And not an extra penny spent! Do you people not remember what it was like in high school? Bullies think they can do whatever they want... The schools are powerless to do anything because they are scared, parents can't discipline these kids because they are scared, and it snowballs until the adolescents snap and libs blame the guns and Republicans blame mental illness, and the truth is that we have just failed our children. If your sociopath child is a bully and picks on the wrong child (mental illness not a requirement here, all kids have a breaking point), lots of people will end up paying the price, because they are lashing out all those they have felt betrayed by... because you can't do what you're supposed to do and you're blaming the wrong factors.
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Argument opposed

This bill is a band-aid solution that won’t actually do anything to address the problem of school shootings. The causes of school shootings are already understood enough to develop policies to address them. Rather than wasting the federal government’s time and resources on yet more reports on this issue, it’d be better to develop and implement policies to actually keep students safe.

Jim2423's Opinion
···
11/16/2019
I am sorry but there is no more respect for each other. This is parents failure. No kid should ever have access to weapons, no kid should be bullying, parents supply the guns for school shootings so where are the gun safes. Where is respect for each other? We don’t need more laws we need parents enforcing the Golden Rules. Also feds, states and cities need to stop tax breaks on businesses and contractors. We are running short of tax money by giving tax breaks just to make someone rich. All this leads to over crowding schools, teachers lack of substantial pay. With both parents working to make ends meet, no adult supervision when a child goes to school or when they cone home. Our system as a whole is failing. This is one of many end results.
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David 's Opinion
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11/16/2019
Gabbard has it upside down. Increased violence, bullying, depression, anger and all the other dynamics that accompany school shootings are not going to be addressed by a legal and political definition. The increase in violence in schools, the increasing problems with depression and other mental health problems, the increasing frequency of school shootings, all these have accompanied the increasing wealth inequality in our country. I know this flies in the face of “common sense” and blame the victim mentalities so common in this country. I suggest you look at the research dating back to the middle 1800’s.
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JTJ's Opinion
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11/16/2019
No, school violence can only be effectively handled at the local level. The federal government has proven that its interference is a detriment to our schools. Get the government out of education entirely.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Education and Labor
    IntroducedSeptember 12th, 2019

What is House Bill H.R. 4301?

This bill — the School Shooting Safety and Preparedness Act — would create a federal definition of a “school shooting.” This would create a single standard definition of such incidents in order to avoid subjective reporting of the circumstances surrounding these events. It would also create an annual School Crime and Safety Report, to be compiled by the Secretary of Education in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS Secretary), which is described in greater detail below. 

This report would cover indicators of school crime, including:

  • Statistics on school shootings, including the number of shootings, number of people killed, demographics of shooters and victims, shooters’ motivations, types of firearms and ammunition used, and how the firearm was acquired.
  • Safety and prevention tactics, such as the existence (or lack thereof) of safety and prevention measures at the time of the shooting (including building designs and communication and response plans).

Impact

Schools; school shootings; federal report on school crime; Attorney General; Secretary of Education; and Secretary of Health and Human Services.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 4301

$1.00 Million
The CBO estimates that implementing this bill would cost less than $500,000 each year, and $1 million over the 2020-2024 period.

More Information

In-DepthSponsoring Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) introduced this bill to create a federal definition for “school shooting” and instruct the Depts. of Education (ED), Justice (DOJ), and Health and Human Services (HHS) to annually report uniform data on indicators of school crime as it pertains to school shootings: 

“Classrooms should be a safe place where parents can have peace of mind that their children will be safe and free to learn. This legislation will help us to gather objective data to better understand how we can come together to prevent the tragedy of mass shootings occurring in our schools.”

In a letter to her Congressional colleagues seeking cosponsors for this bill, Rep. Gabbard writes that this bill would “lay the groundwork necessary to provide uniform data to the American people who grapple with the recurring horror of school shootings as well as policymakers who are responsible for addressing this problem.” She adds, “While thoughts and prayers may help cope with the grief suffered by victims’ families, data-driven policy solutions are needed to help prevent these crimes.”

Original cosponsor Rep. Jahana Hayes (D-CT) adds

"This bill begins to address a serious problem born of inaction. We can’t manage a problem that we have not measured. It is critical that we gather as much information as possible to prevent future school shootings. I commend Reps. Gabbard and McBath for their efforts in this regard."

The National Education Association (NEA) supports this bill. In a September 17, 2019 letter urging members of the House Education and Labor Committee to vote for this bill, NEA Director of Government Relations Marc Egan wrote: 

“NEA members support the School Shooting Safety and Preparedness Act because it takes a number of steps to track and categorize these tragic incidents, yielding valuable information that will help us safeguard school communities. Gun violence destabilizes us all; no one—least of all children—should have to endure it. We must do all we can to stop the next school shooting from happening. The School Shooting Safety and Preparedness Act will help us learn more about these horrific incidents so that we can prevent them.”

This legislation passed the House Education and Labor Committee by a 27-22 vote with the support of 38 Democratic House cosponsors.

A number of gun control and education advocacy organizations, including Everytown for Gun Safety, the National Education Association (NEA), National Parent Teacher Association (PTA), Sandy Hook Promise, and Council of Great City Schools support this legislation.


Of NoteIn a December 2018 report, the Federal Commission on School Safety recommended increasing school safety through intergovernmental cooperation and school safety and crisis training. It did not address firearms.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / Moussa81)

AKA

School Shooting Safety and Preparedness Act

Official Title

To require the Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, to publish an annual report on indicators of school crime and safety that includes data on school shootings, and for other purposes.

    Better yet, find and implement methods to stop school shootings.
    Like (73)
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    I am sorry but there is no more respect for each other. This is parents failure. No kid should ever have access to weapons, no kid should be bullying, parents supply the guns for school shootings so where are the gun safes. Where is respect for each other? We don’t need more laws we need parents enforcing the Golden Rules. Also feds, states and cities need to stop tax breaks on businesses and contractors. We are running short of tax money by giving tax breaks just to make someone rich. All this leads to over crowding schools, teachers lack of substantial pay. With both parents working to make ends meet, no adult supervision when a child goes to school or when they cone home. Our system as a whole is failing. This is one of many end results.
    Like (39)
    Follow
    Share
    The Republicans stopped all research into gun fatalities as payment for NRA donations years ago. Now that we’re having a massacre a week, it’s about time we do. All the other countries have mental illness, video games, and angry people but only we allow them guns that spray bullets like water. Coincidence?
    Like (28)
    Follow
    Share
    School Shooting; noun; A shooting, as in with a fire arm, that takes place on school grounds, during regular school hours. "There was another school shooting in a Los Angels county high school where a 16 year old male shot 6 people, so we should raise the age to purchase fire arms to 21 years rather than 18 to stop these shootings." Definition complete. FBI already tracks this information as well as all other crime statistics. Done and done. And not an extra penny spent! Do you people not remember what it was like in high school? Bullies think they can do whatever they want... The schools are powerless to do anything because they are scared, parents can't discipline these kids because they are scared, and it snowballs until the adolescents snap and libs blame the guns and Republicans blame mental illness, and the truth is that we have just failed our children. If your sociopath child is a bully and picks on the wrong child (mental illness not a requirement here, all kids have a breaking point), lots of people will end up paying the price, because they are lashing out all those they have felt betrayed by... because you can't do what you're supposed to do and you're blaming the wrong factors.
    Like (26)
    Follow
    Share
    Gabbard has it upside down. Increased violence, bullying, depression, anger and all the other dynamics that accompany school shootings are not going to be addressed by a legal and political definition. The increase in violence in schools, the increasing problems with depression and other mental health problems, the increasing frequency of school shootings, all these have accompanied the increasing wealth inequality in our country. I know this flies in the face of “common sense” and blame the victim mentalities so common in this country. I suggest you look at the research dating back to the middle 1800’s.
    Like (21)
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    Gun control please
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    No, school violence can only be effectively handled at the local level. The federal government has proven that its interference is a detriment to our schools. Get the government out of education entirely.
    Like (12)
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    Seriously?! We have to define a school shooting? How about passing some comprehensive gun legislation which is wanted by more than 90% of the people in this country including gun owners!!
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    Facts: U.S. ambassador to Ukraine felt threatened by trumps remarks and was threatened by trump while testifying. Long time friend and confidant of trump Roger Stone found guilty of lying and witness tampering. trump has asked the Supreme Court to keep his taxes hidden, so no more separation of powers anymore either? trump sought status of Ukraine investigations showing aid was depended on the investigations themselves. trump complains that witnesses all speak from 2nd and 3rd hand knowledge yet ordered Mulvaney not to testify. Laura Cooper testified that the Pentagon sought clarification from the trump administration about the hold up of the Ukraine aide and received none. A second person has said they reported sexual misconduct involving a former doctor who’s been accused of sexually abusing nearly 300 men over a 17-year period to Rep. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio) Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and his staff felt they would not get the millions of dollars in aid money without publicly committing to launch the investigations Trump wanted. Senior trump administration officials considered resigning en masse in a ‘midnight self massacre’. State Department official says Giuliani was engaged in a campaign ‘full of lies and incorrect information’ about former ambassador. trump to pay $2 million for charity foundation misuse. trump wanted attorney general Barr to hold a news conference saying the president broke no laws on Ukraine call. White House official who heard trumps call with Ukraine president was told to keep quite. White House lawyer moved transcript of trump call to classified server after Ukraine adviser raised alarms. He has politicized our national security and has chosen Putin and other dictators over our own congress and security agencies. “I stated to Amb. Sondland that his statements were inappropriate, that the request to investigate Biden and his son had nothing to do with national security, and that such investigations were not something the NSC was going to get involved in or push,” Vindman adds. Lt. Col. Alexander S. Vindman, a top Ukraine expert on the National Security Council is testifying that trump demanded that a foreign government investigate an American citizen in exchange for Congresses approved aide. Just reached a $984 billion deficit while he lines his pockets with our tax dollars and foreign money at his resorts. $400 million in aide money was withheld from Ukraine back in August and Ukrainian leaders were told it was not red tape, that they needed to talk to Chief of Staff Mulvaney to resolve it and make a CNN statement about Biden in order to receive said aide. Rudolph W. Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, is running a shadow foreign policy in Ukraine that circumvents U.S. officials and career diplomats in order to personally benefit President trump. Igor Fruman and Lev Parnas. Look them up. North Korea just tested a submarine launched missile. Deserted our Kurdish allies who have been fighting ISIS with us and now are being slaughtered. All because he has a tower in Istanbul. “The Americans betrayed us. We do not trust them anymore,” she added. These used to be our Kurdish allies that stood against ISIS. He is refusing to comply with the law. He is using the power of the presidency to withhold aide to one of the worst humanitarian crisis on the planet in exchange for political favors in order to sway the 20/20 election. He is acting like a criminal and threatening the life of the whistleblower. Mr. America first is sending troops to Saudi Arabia in support of a murdering dictator who spends millions at his hotels and resorts. Corey Lewandowski testified to congress that trump ordered him to obstruct justice. He is blocking information that pertains to the safety of our country from reaching congress. He has been threatening NOAA, a federal agency, with punishment if they do not disavow the truth and side with his lies. He invited the Taliban to Camp David the week of 9/11. He is a #PussyAssBitch He’s doctoring weather maps to try and prove he’s not an idiot. He has stayed at trump properties 293 days in 3 years, that’s our tax dollars going directly into his pocket. He took money from military daycares to pay for a wall that won’t work and no one wants. The Vice President and the Attorney General are both spending tax payer dollars on trump hotels, lining his pockets and currying his favor. He has privately instructed aides to skirt laws and regulations to get the wall built faster — and told them he will pardon them if necessary. He is pressuring a government agency to give a contract for his wall to a company whose chief executive is a donor to one of his top GOP allies in Congress. He took hundreds of millions from 127 different projects (FEMA being one of those) for his wall. He thinks nuking a hurricane is an idea. He is host the next G-7 at one of his own resorts. Again our tax dollars paying him directly. He taunted Iran by tweeting a classified image of an Iranian rocket that had exploded, thereby potentially compromising U.S. intelligence capabilities. His own company would save millions from the low interest rates he is demanding. He was going to give you tax cuts through your paychecks but decided not to. This year the richest of us payed less in taxes than the rest of us. He is destroying the economy with HIS trade war. We will soon average a 1.2 trillion deficit. He is repeating NRA talking points on background checks so expect no action taken regardless of the fact there has been 27 arrested over threats to commit mass attacks since El Paso( NOT TOLEDO). He made fun of republicans being afraid of the NRA and then caved after a 30 minute phone conversation with them. He bragged about indefinite child detention because it brings families together. He is refusing flue shots, that protect us all(google influenza pandemic), to immigrant children. He is attacking fellow congresswomen in really disgusting ways and making anti-Semitic remarks about Jews calling them disloyal. He thinks he’s the chosen one based on a conspiracy theory web sight. He has: Obstructed Justice. Is profiting from the Presidency. Colluded - They had a meeting & lied about it. Advocated political & police violence. Abuse of power. Engaging in reckless behavior. Persecuting political opponents. Attacking the free press. Violating immigrants Right to Due Process. Violating campaign finance laws. Racist: Speaks directly to and often tweeting straight from white supremacists. Calls them very fine people. Told fellow congresswomen to go back where they came from. Called them shit hole countries. Called them murderers and rapists. Calls her Pocahontas. Took out full page adds calling for the death of five innocent black kids in New York, 1989. Literally has said in an interview he has Hitlers speeches, My New Order in his nightstand. Our Money: Spent campaign finance money on hush payments to silence a porn star he had an affair with in order to hide it from the voters. Has spent over $100 million of our tax dollars playing golf at his own golf courses. Has never divested from companies and advertises and profits off the White House. Was going to cut Medicaid and Medicare funding to pay for the tax cuts he gave to the rich. Is actively destroying farmers lives with his trade wars that we all know only hurts our pockets not Chinas. Has made the lives of every truck driver across America as well as our own, more dangerous by removing safety regulations that only benefits the pockets of the CEOs of those companies. Has removed any and all protections we had in place from work safety, environment, women’s rights, LGBTQ rights and gives that power back to the CEOs, oil companies, men and old white men. Saudi funded lobbyist rented 500 rooms at a trump hotel he never divested from right after he became president. Wonder why? Sexual Predator: Accused by more than 20 women of molestation and rape. Bragged about said molestation on tape. Has cheated on all three wives (see above). Has made sexual remarks on camera about his daughter. Belittles and bully’s women. Not even sure he’s aware he has two daughters. Idiot: Has allowed North Korea to grow there nuclear weapons program. Took the side of Putin over America’s own security agencies on the national stage. Lacks the intelligence and facts needed to communicate on a global level much less national one. Makes policy decisions based on FOX media. Lies when speaks. Doesn’t believe in science and quite often displays his ignorance of it. Russia: Lied about meetings with Russians. Lied about a trump tower Moscow. Personal attorney Michael Cohen (same guy who broke campaign finance laws under trumps direction) had contacts with russian officials. National Security aide Flynn resigned over Russian contacts. Jeff Sessions recused himself because of Russian contacts. Manafort resigned because of Russian contacts. Campaign foreign policy adviser Papadopoulos met with Russians then bragged about it to Australians who then turned that info over to our FBI. Sixteen campaign officials had contacts with Russia and at least nine others new about it. Russian mobster lived in trump tower. trump casino was flagged 106 times for lax money laundering standards and same Russian frequently stayed at trump casino. Has been selling real estate to Russians for years. It really is surprising how many connections to Russians this man has. Rick Scott, Marco Rubio, Bill Posey You are my representatives. OLC policy: The indictment or criminal prosecution of a crime sitting President would unconstitutionally undermine the capacity of the executive branch to perform its constitutionally assigned functions. It’s time to do your job. You swore an oath to this country, it’s people and me to uphold the constitution. The president has never upheld that oath. How do you want to be remembered?
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    How about repealing, “The Dickey Amendment” and provide funding to the CDC to track and examine GUN VIOLENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA? How about passing some real gun control legislation and actually address GUN VIOLENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA?
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    Developing a better understanding of school shootings is an important first step in developing policies to make schools safer and prevent these tragedies. Creating a federal definition of “school shooting” and requiring an annual report on associated school crimes would help inform policy that affects school shootings. This would in turn lead to policies that are more effective at keeping students safe. Sneaky Pete.......... 👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻. 11.15.19.........
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    If schools have a school shooting then they have already failed. The emphasis should be on helping the young avoid becoming anti social and prone to violence. Stop fixating on the manifestation of anti social behavior and start changing school environments to help youngsters at risk.
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    No because Democrats will define it as one person shot by a marshmallow gun.
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    Good idea - keep statistics on gun crimes.
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    Yes. Gun violence is an epidemic
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    It's clear that we don't really know what causes school shootings, because we've still done nothing to stop them. We haven't reduced gun availability, we haven't improved mental health for teens, we haven't provided resources for schools to counsel and proactively prevent these events, and we haven't stopped glorifying killers in the media. I support this if it will help us to better understand these events and investigate the real root causes, because right now Congress is doing nothing.
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    This seems like a bill designed to say the representative is doing something about gun violence, but it’s election rhetoric that won’t have an impact on school violence and will add cost to the federal government. I don’t support this bill.
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    I’m almost 58 years old. When I was in elementary school I NEVER IN MY LIFE worried about crazy people having ASSAULT WEAPONS and shooting IN OCENT CHILDREN and ADULTS! Was life ‘ perfect’! FAR from it BUT we did not have SCHOOL SHOOTINGS! WTF happened to OUR country? 🥺 TODAY, WE defend RED or BLUE instead of RED, WHITE, and BLUE! 🇺🇸WE- ALL OF US-are AMERICANS! This is OUR COUNTRY!! This is a “ FAR CRY” from the country WE ALL WANT.
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    Too many times our guns have gotten in the hands of our depressed children, and too many times our depressed children have shot our innocent and harmless children and colleagues, who has had no involvement with their depression. Too many times our politicians try to defend the ownership of guns and try to enforce nothing gets done while our children, our friends, our families and colleagues continuously keep dying because of our depressed children owning guns. I hope y’all understand the symbolism of my repetition of “our”.
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    I believe that this is a small effort to address a huge problem. Great...statistics...then what? There is a huge mental health problem exasperated by the current pall of negativity in our country that is also affecting our children and our future. Statistics don’t address the core problem. Neither does the pervasive amount of available weapons...
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