In this context, a “spoofing service” is a service that allows an individual to manipulate a caller identification service to relay misleading or false caller identification information. This is typically done by individuals who are trying to defraud or otherwise harm strangers, or to simply block the identity of the person making a call. For example, an identity thief can use a spoofing service to pretend to be a bank or a government agency, allowing them to collect sensitive personal information from customers.
Under the current Communications Act, it’s illegal for a caller identification service to transmit misleading caller identification information. However, this Act only applies to services within the U.S. In addition to giving the FCC more teeth to regulate this practice, this bill would make it illegal for a person to knowingly transmit inaccurate caller identification information to individuals living in the U.S.
H.R. 3670 would also revise the definition of “caller identification information/service” so that it includes text messages. It would also prohibit various voice-over-Internet services that can be used to transmit false identification information.