The Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act bans abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy. The law cites congressional findings about the development of the fetus. It makes exceptions for abortions if the mother’s life is threatened by the pregnancy or if the pregnancy was a result of rape or incest.
If enacted, anyone who violates the bill could face a fine, up to five years in prison, or both. The bill defines abortion as any medication or procedure “to intentionally kill the unborn child of a woman known to be pregnant”.
UPDATE: 5/13/2015: After pulling this bill from a vote at the start of the 114th Congress, House Republicans are bringing it back for consideration. With some changes to the legislation, namely around survivors of sexual assault, sponsors are feeling more confident. As Think Progress explains:
"The amended version of the bill does not require rape victims to report their assaults to the authorities. That change technically eliminates the sticking point that thwarted the legislation at the beginning of the year... As the bill is currently written, rape survivors may only circumvent the ban on post-20-week abortions if they sought counseling or medical care within 48 hours of the procedure. If they visited an abortion clinic for either of those services, it doesn’t count."