- People who entered the U.S. before age 16 and now have a bachelor's degree;
- Those who made false claims of U.S. citizenship when they were under 18 years old, or because they lacked the mental competence to knowingly misrepresent a claim;
- Individuals who made a false claim of U.S. citizenship if inadmissibility would create "family separation hardship for the alien or for a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident family member."
The bill also expands the waiver of "3 and 10 year bars," which prevent immigrants from obtaining lawful permanent residence or re-entering the U.S. if they have previously been in the country illegally for at least a year. The waiver currently applies to immigrants with spouses who are U.S. citizens; this bill would expand the waiver to parents of a U.S. citizen if the parent would suffer "hardship" without by not being in the U.S.
H.R. 3431 bill creates a three-year statute of limitations on inadmissibility extending from fraud or misrepresentation tied to trying to obtain a visa or other immigration benefit.
Finally, the bill states that separation from family would be enough to obtain a waiver of inadmissibility in cases related to fraud or misrepresentation from trying to obtain a visa or other immigration benefit.