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house Bill H.R. 3401

The Senate’s Bipartisan Border Crisis Funding Package

Argument in favor

Border security resources are overwhelmed because of the surge in apprehensions, which is creating a humanitarian crisis. This bipartisan bill would provide funding needed ensure detention facilities for unaccompanied children and migrant families are safe, secure, and not overcrowded while also speeding up immigration case processing to get them out of detention facilities sooner.

Emily's Opinion
···
06/25/2019
Let it go to toothbrushes, unlimited soap, (smallpox free) blankets, and a decent place to sleep. We need to respect the dignity of every human being, but especially children. I do not like the “space blankets.”
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jimK's Opinion
···
06/25/2019
At least this bill recognizes and addresses the consequences of our Presidents border “crisis” fantasies which has motivated a large immigrant influx before they are walled out physically and also by “merit” based tests that neither Trump nor his family could pass. The asylum seekers are being horribly mistreated and this needs to be fixed. The root cause needs to be fixed as well. The “wall” and border “crisis” concept was created by Roger Stone in the primaries as a way to generate hate and pick a target group to blame- all to provide a rallying campaign theme. There is not and never was a crisis. The detainee issues started with the declaration that there is a crisis. Kind of like the great gasoline shortages in the late 60’s. Declarations of shortages caused everyone to stock up- companies were buying railroad tankers and filling them up. The declaration caused the “crisis”- just as it has here.
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···
06/25/2019
I think Democrats and Republicans and everybody in between can, and should agree that the conditions at the border are quite disgraceful. I understand that the immigration efforts at the border are stressful and hard to agree on, but these adults and children are not even receiving basic hygiene products, nor a decent place to sleep. I would like you as a representative to seriously consider this idea to help resolve some of the humanitarian issues at our Southern border. Thanks Again.
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Argument opposed

This bill is too narrowly focused on providing resources to address the border crisis. It should include broader, partisan changes to immigration policy even at the cost of bipartisan support for the bill and damaging its chance to become law. The bill should eliminate detention centers and ICE altogether. Alternatively, it should include funding to build a border wall.

Nathan's Opinion
···
06/26/2019
2.88 billion for immigrant children healthcare but we can't even provide free healthcare to citizen children in our country or housing for homeless veterans! Build the wall and we wouldn't have this problem!
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Jim2423's Opinion
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06/25/2019
Feeding and housing is one thing but no money for judges and courts means a useless Bill to aid in the immigration process. Political games with peoples lives.
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Kate's Opinion
···
06/25/2019
Build the WALL! This is more LIBERAL BS. Stand up with President Trump and get REAL Immigration reform passed
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bill Progress


  • EnactedJuly 1st, 2019
    The President signed this bill into law
  • The senate Passed June 26th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 84 Yea / 8 Nay
  • The house Passed June 27th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 305 Yea / 102 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Appropriations
    IntroducedJune 21st, 2019

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What is House Bill H.R. 3401?

(Updated 6/26/19) After House Democrats passed their version of a $4.5 billion border crisis funding package on a mostly party-line vote Tuesday night, it was taken up by the Senate failed on a 37-55 vote. The Senate then amended the bill with its own proposal to provide $4.59 billion in funding for the care of migrants and unaccompanied alien children (UACs) in detention centers, increase resources for immigration courts to speed up case processing times, and prevent the diversion of funds from other programs to cope with the influx of migrants. A detailed breakdown of the current bill’s provisions can be found below.

Homeland Security

Within the Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS), Customs and Border Protection (CBP) would receive the following:

  • $793 million for establishing and operating migrant care and processing facilities to improve conditions at border stations and ports of entry.

  • $112 million for migrant medical care and consumable goods such as clothing, baby formula, hygiene products, and other essential items.

  • $110 million for travel & overtime costs for DHS staff supporting CBP’s mission.

  • $50 million to improve immigration data systems and tools.

  • $35 million for transportation of migrants between facilities.

  • This section would also include provisions emphasizing CBP’s efforts to meet national standards within migrant processing facilities and CBP’s continued commitment to staffing along the Northern border.

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) would receive:

  • $48 million for the transportation of unaccompanied alien children (UACs) and migrants among facilities.

  • $45 million for detainee medical care.

  • $70 million for travel, overtime costs, and pay adjustments for on-board DHS staff supporting ICE’s mission.

  • $21 million for Homeland Security Investigations counter-human trafficking operations.

  • $20 million for alternatives to detention.

  • $5 million for background investigations and facilities inspections by the Office of Professional Responsibility.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) would receive $30 million to reimburse states, local governments, and non-governmental organizations for care of homeless migrants.

Other provisions of this section would:

  • Stipulate that funding provided under this bill can only be used for the purpose it’s provided.

  • Extend the authorization of a portion of DHS’ research & development authority.

  • Prohibit the unilateral transfer of certain operations between certain DHS facilities.

  • Eliminate certain paperwork that would otherwise be required for components of DHS to volunteer in assisting with the humanitarian crisis on the Southwest border.

  • Require the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to produce a report on requirements related to immigration judges and asylum officers.

Health & Human Services

This section would provide $2.88 billion for the Dept. of Health & Human Services’ (HHS) Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC) program to cope with a 60% increase in the number of UACs detained over the last year. It’d allow HHS to resume offering a full range of services for children in their care and prevent the diversion of funds from other programs.

It would also include the following provisions aimed at ensuring the safety and welfare of UACs in HHS custody:

  • HHS would receive dedicated funding to expand its traditional state-licensed shelter capacity, post-release services to ensure children’s well-being, and the Office of Inspector General to expand its oversight of the UAC program.

  • The prioritization of community-based residential care and licensed facilities over large facilities.

  • Require HHS to provide guidance to shelter providers to ensure their awareness of current law requirements.

  • Administration policies on background checks and information sharing would be codified into law.

  • Influx shelters would only be used as a last resort, meet child welfare standards, and include frequent monitoring. A 15-day notification period would be required prior to opening an influx facility.

  • Senators and members of Congress would have access to shelters for oversight purposes.

  • HHS would be required to provide publicly available information on UACs who’ve been separated from a parent, including for child safety or welfare concerns.

Justice

This section would provide $65 million to the Executive Office for Immigration Review, which would facilitate 30 new immigration judge teams and fund the Legal Orientation Program to educate detainees about the immigration court process and thus expedite immigration court proceedings.

It would also provide $155 million to the U.S. Marshals Service for emergency expenditures related to the housing, transportation, and care of federal immigration detainees.

Defense

This section would provide $145 million to support multiple missions at the border, including the use of rotary-wing aviation support, strategic lift, medical assistance, mobile surveillance, command and control, and maintenance activities. Funds would go to the operation and maintenance accounts of the Army, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Army National Guard.

Impact

Detained migrants; immigration courts; DOJ; HHS; DOD; and DHS.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 3401

$4.59 Billion
The CBO estimates that enacting this bill would cost $4.586 billion in FY2019.

More Information

In-Depth: Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Richard Shelby (R-AL) introduced this bill to provide emergency resources for humanitarian assistance and security at the Southern border:

“This package does not include everything I wanted. It does not include everything Vice Chairman Leahy wanted. But most importantly, it does not include poison pills from either party… In addition, I ask my colleagues to refrain from offering any amendments that pertain to broader immigration policy. The appropriate venue for such amendments is the authorizing committee… So I urge my colleagues interested in broader immigration policy to discuss their ideas with Chairman Graham and Ranking Member Feinstein. By adhering to this framework I believe that we will be able to move forward together with a strong bipartisan vote here today. Our border security professionals and the children and families in their care cannot afford further delay, and I am hopeful that a strong bipartisan vote will provide the momentum needed to assist our folks on the front lines.”

The Senate Appropriations Committee passed this bill on a bipartisan vote of 30-1. The lone no vote came from Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR) who wanted the Flores v. Reno settlement, which governs the detention of minor children, to be applied to temporary influx facilities.


Of Note: May 2019 marked the highest monthly total of apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico border since 2006, the majority of whom came in as family units or as unaccompanied minors.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: Customs & Border Protection via Flickr / Public Domain)

AKA

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Humanitarian Assistance and Security at the Southern Border Act, 2019

Official Title

Making emergency supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes.

    Let it go to toothbrushes, unlimited soap, (smallpox free) blankets, and a decent place to sleep. We need to respect the dignity of every human being, but especially children. I do not like the “space blankets.”
    Like (241)
    Follow
    Share
    2.88 billion for immigrant children healthcare but we can't even provide free healthcare to citizen children in our country or housing for homeless veterans! Build the wall and we wouldn't have this problem!
    Like (122)
    Follow
    Share
    At least this bill recognizes and addresses the consequences of our Presidents border “crisis” fantasies which has motivated a large immigrant influx before they are walled out physically and also by “merit” based tests that neither Trump nor his family could pass. The asylum seekers are being horribly mistreated and this needs to be fixed. The root cause needs to be fixed as well. The “wall” and border “crisis” concept was created by Roger Stone in the primaries as a way to generate hate and pick a target group to blame- all to provide a rallying campaign theme. There is not and never was a crisis. The detainee issues started with the declaration that there is a crisis. Kind of like the great gasoline shortages in the late 60’s. Declarations of shortages caused everyone to stock up- companies were buying railroad tankers and filling them up. The declaration caused the “crisis”- just as it has here.
    Like (151)
    Follow
    Share
    I think Democrats and Republicans and everybody in between can, and should agree that the conditions at the border are quite disgraceful. I understand that the immigration efforts at the border are stressful and hard to agree on, but these adults and children are not even receiving basic hygiene products, nor a decent place to sleep. I would like you as a representative to seriously consider this idea to help resolve some of the humanitarian issues at our Southern border. Thanks Again.
    Like (91)
    Follow
    Share
    Feeding and housing is one thing but no money for judges and courts means a useless Bill to aid in the immigration process. Political games with peoples lives.
    Like (77)
    Follow
    Share
    You people screaming about a pointless wall while children are being treated worse than prisoners in Iran. If troops were treated the way these kids are it would break the Geneva Convention. Meanwhile the dumbed down Trump supporters scream wall, wasn’t Mexico going to pay for that by the way? All the democrats fault right? Start holding this President accountable for what he says and does.
    Like (71)
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    Build the WALL! This is more LIBERAL BS. Stand up with President Trump and get REAL Immigration reform passed
    Like (59)
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    No wall funding, then no to this bill!
    Like (54)
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    Look at the picture Jim Banks. Look at the picture of the father and his daughter who drowned crossing the Rio Grande. Look at the picture of Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez, and his nearly 2-year-old daughter, Valeria as his wife watched them drown. Both dead face down in the water with his black shirt wrapped around them and her arm over his shoulder. Look at the picture Jim Banks and tell me why you voted against the bill to fund the humanitarian crisis at the border. Look at the picture Jim Banks. Tell me and the world why you voted no.
    Like (48)
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    Bad bill. Does NOT fix the problem.
    Like (40)
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    Wild idea here...but take care of the people, treat them with respect...and stop committing war crimes with the cruelty of this detainment. These are concentration camps to be sure, and any politician regardless of their alignment should be disgusted that we even have to consider being human to others.
    Like (39)
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    No money for a wall? Do not pass this, typical garbage from Democrats. BUILD THE WALL!
    Like (39)
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    NO! Go back and get more funding and include the wall!! May what you have suggested at this point go down in flames.
    Like (37)
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    Return migrant children to their families now! While in government care, provide soap, toothbrushes, clean clothes, beds, lights out to sleep at night. Why does this have to be spelled out? It's basic comman sense humanity. Don't allow one dime for border wall construction!
    Like (30)
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    The president is a crisis and needs to be removed. Now
    Like (29)
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    This is ridiculous!!! There will always be sad stories- why not focus on the American citizens who are struggling? Why not focus on protecting the border and fix the loopholes? You are stealing from Americans to accommodate those who break laws to come here ... support the legal immigrants and Americans... stop this madness!!!
    Like (28)
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    They’ve already been taken care of! Ship them home! TRUMP #1
    Like (27)
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    We have to do something to help these poor children and adults. Are we a nation of haters? Or helpers!
    Like (26)
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    As long as it doesn't give money to president little dick's border monument.
    Like (26)
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    Use that money to help build the wall. Hey Democrats, it’s our tax money that you are spending on feeding and housing illegal immigrants. Get homeless veterans and Americans housing and fed first. Then worry about the others. There’s nothing wrong with putting America and Americans first.
    Like (25)
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