The number of food stamp recipients grew 70% between 2008 and 2012, when the number of recipients reached an all-time high at 47.8 million people. In the aftermath of the recession, sluggish growth in employment and income has led to this increase. In 2012, around 20 million recipients were children, and the total cost of the program was $78 billion.
- Not enactedThe President has not signed this bill
- The senate has not voted
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- senate Committees
- The house Passed September 19th, 2013Roll Call Vote 217 Yea / 210 Nay
Committee on AgricultureCommittee on Education and LaborCommittee on Foreign AffairsIntroducedSeptember 16th, 2013
- house Committees
What is House Bill H.R. 3102?
Cost of House Bill H.R. 3102
In Depth:A reduction in the number of waivers for childless adults outlined in this bill would reduce the number of people who receive higher-than-average benefits from the program by about 1 million people, on average. An eligibility change would reduce the number of people who currently receive lower than average benefits by about 1.8 million people, on average.
This bill contains a significant number of modifications to SNAP, a comprehensive list of which can be found on the bill’s Congressional description. A detailed breakdown of some of the bill’s reforms are as follows:
I of the bill deals with retailers participating in SNAP,
individual eligibility for the program, and funding. It states that participating retail stores must pay the full cost of installing
Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) systems. Those stores would also be
required to offer at least three staple food categories and adequate EBT
service. Government and non-profit retailers that offer
purchasing and delivery services for the elderly and disabled would be considered
Further, Title I states that:
States are allowed to test SNAP applicants for the illicit use of controlled substances at the state’s expense, and disqualify applicants based on a positive test result.
College student eligibility for SNAP would be limited to students enrolled in career and technical programs that are to be completed in four years or less.
Federal funds would be prohibited from recruiting SNAP participants, and performance bonuses would be eliminated for administrators.
Funding for employment and training programs would be reduced.
Certain convicted felons would be disqualified from SNAP eligibility.
States would be required to expunge funds from a household’s EBT benefits that aren’t used within 60 days.
Title II extends the Commodity Distribution Program and limits eligibility to low-income persons aged 60 years or older. It allows the continued distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition projects.
Title III includes miscellaneous provisions:
It authorizes spending on the Commodity Credit Corporation for the farmers’ market nutrition program through 2016.
50% of those funds must be used for seniors. Low-income families who are at nutritional risk would be included as program recipients.
It extends a program that purchases fresh fruits and vegetables to be distributed to schools and service institutions.
Creates a five state pilot program to continue this practice with locally grown fruits and vegetables.
Requires a review of the economic and public health benefits of white potatoes on low-income families at nutritional risk.
Establishes a healthy food financing program that would focus on improving access to healthy foods in under served areas. By providing loans and grants to fresh food retailers, it would allow them to overcome barriers to entry and create quality jobs.