Environmental Protection Agency
The EPA would receive $7.4 billion in funding for fiscal year 2016, $718 million less (or 9 percent less) than what it received in the previous fiscal year. Regulatory programs would be cut by $69 million from fiscal year 2015, and funded $206 million below the President’s budget request. The EPA’s staffing levels would be limited to 15,000 workers, the agency’s lowest level since 1989.
This spending measure would also remove the EPA's power to implementing certain new regulations like:
Restrictions on greenhouse gas from new and existing power plants;
Changes to the definition of “navigable waters” under the Clean Water Act, or “fill material”;
Duplicative financial assurance requirements;
Guidelines on the lead content of ammunition and fishing tackle.
Bureau of Land Management
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) would get $1.1 billion in funding — up $30 million from the prior year. Funding that was set aside for sage grouse conservation would grow from $15 million to $45 million. Proposals to increase oil and gas inspection fees, and raise grazing fees assessed on ranchers using federal land would be blocked.
National Parks & Forests
The National Park Service (NPS) would be funded at $2.7 billion — an increase of $53 million from fiscal year 2015. Specifically, an extra $52 million of funding for park operations and maintenance would go to reducing the maintenance backlog at the NPS.
The U.S. Forest Service is would be funded with $5 billion — a $13 million cut from the prior year. More than half of that funding would go to wild land fire prevention and suppression. The Forest Service and BLM would be prohibited from issuing new closures of public lands to hunting and recreational shooting, except in cases of public safety.
At $1.4 billion for fiscal year 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) would lose $8 million in funding from the previous year. Funding would be prioritized for programs that:
- Conserve the sage-grouse,
- Reduce the delisting backlog for recovered species that were previously protected,
- Fight invasive species,
- Prevent illegal wildlife trafficking,
- And keep fish hatcheries open.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) would get the same amount of funding as the previous year — $1.05 billion. Funding would be prioritized for handling natural hazards, groundwater monitoring, mapping, and upkeep on the earthquake early warning system.
Appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) would total $180 million — $30 million more than the previous year. $30 million of this funding would go to a program that accelerates the reclamation of abandoned mine lands to boost community redevelopment and economic growth. States would receive $58 million in grant funding from OSM. A proposal to hire federal regulators to duplicate state inspections would be blocked.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs and Education would receive $2.8 billion for operations — an increase of $165 million. The Indian Health Service would receive an additional $145 million from the previous year for a total funding level of $4.8 billion. This additional funding would go to staffing newly constructing health facilities, keeping pace with medical inflation, and investing in the operation, maintenance, and replacement of schools.
The Federal Payments to Local Communities (a.k.a. “Payments In Lieu of Taxes or PILT) program is used to compensate local governments for losses in property tax revenue due to nontaxable federal lands in their county. That program would receive $452 million for fiscal year 2016.