This bill — the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Act of 2019 — would seek to reduce the U.S. government’s reliance on Chinese supply chains and push back on China’s unfair trade practices by implementing many recommendations made by the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. In total, this bill would require more than 10 government agencies to work together to create a whole-of-government approach to address Chinese challenges to the U.S. in both the economic and security spheres.
Specifically, this bill would require:
- An assessment of and report on the federal supply chain’s potential vulnerabilities to Chinese threats, to be carried out by the administration;
- The U.S. Trade Representative to assess whether it’s in the U.S.’ national interest to bring a complaint against China at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in coordination with U.S. allies and partners;
- The Dept. of Justice (DOJ) to determine whether members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) are intimidating U.S. residents and ensure that Chinese government publications distributed in the U.S. are clearly labeled as such;
- The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to report on the effects (on freedom of navigation, sea control, and U.S. interests) of China’s existing and potential facilities along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the New Maritime Silk Road;
- The National Counterintelligence and Security Center to report on the CCP’s influence and propaganda activities in the U.S.;
- The Depts. Of Defense (DOD) and Homeland Security (DHS) to assess the implications of changes in the Chinese Coast Guard’s command structure;
- The Dept. of Commerce and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to indentify the steps required to roll out a secure 5G wireless network;
- The Comptroller General to assess potential risks involved in U.S.-China technical cooperation;
- The Treasury Dept. to report on China’s enforcement of UN sanctions on North Korea; and
- The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) to report on China’s trade-distorting practices and what it’s doing to counteract Chinese policies’ anticompetitive impact.