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house Bill H.R. 2200

Reauthorizing Funding for Federal Anti-Trafficking Programs

Argument in favor

Human trafficking is a serious problem that harms people both domestically and internationally. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act enables much-needed U.S. leadership on this issue, and it needs to be reauthorized to ensure the continuation of anti-trafficking program in a range of federal agencies.

SneakyPete's Opinion
路路路
12/21/2018
By All Means Vote YES on H.R 2220 - Trafficking Victims Protection Act Human trafficking is a serious problem that harms people both domestically and internationally. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act enables much-needed U.S. leadership on this issue, and it needs to be reauthorized to ensure the continuation of anti-trafficking program in a range of federal agencies. SneakyPete..... 馃馃憤馃徎馃憤馃徎馃憤馃徎. 12*21* 18.....
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路路路
12/19/2018
End modern slavery! Securing our border would put a massive dent in this disgusting underworld.
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Lionman's Opinion
路路路
12/21/2018
There really isn鈥檛 something here to discuss, is there? Unless there鈥檚 something better, faster and cheaper... Plus, why can鈥檛 I send these to my Reps electronically?
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Argument opposed

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act鈥檚 results aren鈥檛 very good when considering that few people were arrested for trafficking in the 2013-2016 period. Rather than simply reauthorizing TVPA, this is a good time to make this legislation better and more effective before continuing to fund its programs.

eliyak's Opinion
路路路
12/21/2018
We need to look at the actual results of this program before reauthorizing funding.
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Apocalypse448's Opinion
路路路
12/21/2018
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act鈥檚 results aren鈥檛 very good when considering that few people were arrested for trafficking in the 2013-2016 period. Rather than simply reauthorizing TVPA, this is a good time to make this legislation better and more effective before continuing to fund its programs.
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Dara's Opinion
路路路
12/21/2018
Strengthen the legislation, fully fund and increase the funding, arrest and prosecute these crimes.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Foreign Relations
  • The house Passed December 21st, 2018
    Roll Call Vote 368 Yea / 7 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Armed Services
      Committee on Education and Labor
      Committee on Energy and Commerce
      Health
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Committee on Oversight and Reform
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Immigration and Citizenship
      Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
      Aviation
      Committee on Ways and Means
      Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security
    IntroducedApril 27th, 2017

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What is House Bill H.R. 2200?

This bill 鈥 the Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2018 鈥 would reauthorize funding (at current-year levels, unchanged since 2014) for the U.S. government鈥檚 existing multi-agency international and domestic anti-human trafficking efforts under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA).

Specifically, this bill would:

  • Extend current-year appropriations for trafficking prevention programs with the Dets. of Justice (DOJ), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), Labor (DOJ), State, and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) until 2021;

  • Allow pre-existing grant money to be used for educating children to avoid traffickers;

  • Require designation of U.S. embassy contacts responsible for receiving trafficking complaints and information abroad;

  • Require air carriers who contract with the U.S. to report annually on compliance with current statutory requirements to train personnel and report likely trafficking;

  • Enhance reporting and training for U.S. government procurement officers on foreign products and components linked to funding human trafficking;

  • Encourage more accurate reporting in the State Department Trafficking in Persons Report; and

  • Ensure that foreign government-supported security forces are captured in the analysis currently required by the Child Soldiers Prevention Act.

Impact

Human trafficking; DOJ; HHS; DHS; DOJ; State Department; USAID; State Department Trafficking in Persons Report; Child Soldiers Prevention Act.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 2200

$450.00 Million
This bill would specifically authorize the appropriation of $129 million in 2018 and $135 million for each of fiscal years 2019, 2020, and 2021. The CBO estimates that implementing this bill would cost almost $450 million over the 2018-2022 period, assuming appropriation of the authorized and necessary amounts.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Christopher Smith (R-NJ) introduced this bill to combat human trafficking. He contends that U.S. leadership on human trafficking is needed to make a difference on this issue:

鈥淚鈥檝e been working on human trafficking since 1995. Many people thought it was a solution in search of a problem. You鈥檇 say trafficking and their eyes would glaze over. [U.S.] leadership 鈥 is making all the difference in the world 鈥 domestically and internationally 鈥 to mitigate this horror, this modern day slavery that disproportionately hurts women and children.鈥

Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA) notes that this bill contains important reforms to both foreign and domestic anti-trafficking programs:

鈥淭his ambitious bill not only extends the legal authorities from the groundbreaking Trafficking Victims Protection Act that Rep. Smith authored 17 years ago, but also contains important reforms to our foreign and domestic anti-trafficking programs. This bill strengthens the State Department鈥檚 annual TIP Report and the Country Tier Rankings. Namely, they must tell the truth about the trafficking situation on the ground, and should not be subject to manipulation for the sake of diplomatic, economic, or political considerations.鈥

After this bill鈥檚 passage in the House Foreign Affairs Committee, President Trump praised it, saying, 鈥淢y Administration is focused on ending the horrific practice of human trafficking, and the three bills the House of Representatives passed today [including this bill] are important steps forward.鈥

World Vision supports this bill. Its Policy Advisor for Child Protection, Jessica Bousquette, says that TVPA reauthorization is needed to prevent violence against children:

鈥淲ith over one billion children experiencing violence globally every year, we must work together to prevent violence, including trafficking from happening in the first place. Reauthorizing the TVPA is critical in that effort. We must also maintain current foreign assistance levels to ensure we have the resources we need to end trafficking鈥 During the last decade, we have made significant progress in identifying human trafficking victims, prosecuting traffickers, protecting survivors, and creating partnerships domestically and around the world to end human trafficking, so it鈥檚 critical that we protect those who are most vulnerable by reauthorizing Trafficking Victims Protection Act.鈥

Human Rights First鈥檚 Annick Febrey, a senior associate at the organization鈥檚 Bankrupt Slavery campaign, cast doubt upon the TVPA鈥檚 effectiveness in March 2016, writing that:

鈥淪ince the last reauthorization in 2013, just under 15,000 traffickers were convicted worldwide and law enforcement identified nearly 136,000 victims. The International Labour Organization also released a new estimate that traffickers are profiting $150 billion annually鈥攁bout three times the previous approximation鈥 Labor trafficking will continue to be an appealing business enterprise for perpetrators until we increase the risks for those who profit from enslaving workers both in the United States and overseas. The TVPA reauthorization gives us an opportunity to make that happen. Hopefully three years from now, the number of labor prosecutions will more closely mirror the percentage of victims who are trafficked for forced labor, disincentivizing traffickers from participating in this fundamental violation of human rights.鈥

This bill passed the House by a voice vote in July 2017, then passed the Senate with an amendment by voice vote in December 2018. It has 29 House cosponsors, including 16 Democrats and 13 Republicans. It has the support of the Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking (ATEST), World Vision, and Freedom Network USA.


Of NoteThe Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and its reauthorizations (2003, 2005, 2008, 2013) are the cornerstone for current U.S. policy on combating international and domestic human trafficking. TVPA authorized and established the State Department鈥檚 Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and the President鈥檚 Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, as well as other anti-trafficking efforts. In 2017, TVPA programs were authorized at $135 million.

The National Human Trafficking Hotline received 26,727 calls in 2016 and 7,572 human trafficking cases were reported in the U.S. that year. DHS says the majority of trafficking cases go undetected in the U.S. each year.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / aradaphotography)

AKA

Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2017

Official Title

To reauthorize the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, and for other purposes.

    By All Means Vote YES on H.R 2220 - Trafficking Victims Protection Act Human trafficking is a serious problem that harms people both domestically and internationally. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act enables much-needed U.S. leadership on this issue, and it needs to be reauthorized to ensure the continuation of anti-trafficking program in a range of federal agencies. SneakyPete..... 馃馃憤馃徎馃憤馃徎馃憤馃徎. 12*21* 18.....
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    We need to look at the actual results of this program before reauthorizing funding.
    Like (8)
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    It鈥檚 a no brainer
    Like (8)
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    End modern slavery! Securing our border would put a massive dent in this disgusting underworld.
    Like (7)
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    There really isn鈥檛 something here to discuss, is there? Unless there鈥檚 something better, faster and cheaper... Plus, why can鈥檛 I send these to my Reps electronically?
    Like (7)
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    We need to make the anti-trafficing act more effective; not close it down.
    Like (5)
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    I work in international development and I am based in the DR Congo. I am working on an education project that will be closed down due to the new Trump initiative to combat trafficking by blocking funds to countries that aren鈥檛 ding enough to combat trafficking . The reality is that the closing education and health projects will not contribute to decreasing human trafficking, but is likely to contribute to increasing trafficking. Closing projects will not only have a negative impact on the local economies but the populations being served by these valuable services will no longer be offered. Many people will suffer who have no relationship at all with human trafficking and the sudden pullout and project closure by Americans will also leave a negative impression of Americans. Desperate people will be more likely to want to leave their countries for greener pastures. It is in the interest of Americans to help improve lives in other countries.
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    I agree that the Act needs to be strengthened, but letting the funding lapse accomplishes nothing,
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    This is important legislation. Human trafficking is an enormous problem in all communities. Vote yes.
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    It is a good bill. It needs more work however.
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    We need to INCREASE funding for this and for mental health care for survivors of this terrible plague upon society!
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    Do anything humanly possible to stop this horrible thing!!!
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    By all means, let's do what we can to stop human trafficking.
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    Support what we have while making it better. And don't ignore the second half of that last sentence.
    Like (4)
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    The Trafficking Victims Protection Act鈥檚 results aren鈥檛 very good when considering that few people were arrested for trafficking in the 2013-2016 period. Rather than simply reauthorizing TVPA, this is a good time to make this legislation better and more effective before continuing to fund its programs.
    Like (4)
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    This bill should be re-authorized. No question about it.
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    Human trafficking is a serious problem in the US, and we need the funding to go towards research and finding a way to prevent or end it all together.
    Like (4)
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    Strengthen the legislation, fully fund and increase the funding, arrest and prosecute these crimes.
    Like (3)
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    Human trafficking is a serious problem that harms people both domestically and internationally. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act enables much-needed U.S. leadership on this issue, and it needs to be reauthorized to ensure the continuation of anti-trafficking program in a range of federal agencies.
    Like (3)
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    While the TVPA needs to be improved I don鈥檛 think this is the Congress that can improve it. So for now, reauthorization is necessary.
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