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house Bill H.R. 213

Changing How Immigration Visas are Allocated

Argument in favor

This bill ends discrimination against countries with large populations by eliminating the cap on employment visas per country.

ThomasParker's Opinion
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06/10/2015
We should allow all immigrants who are willing to work hard and who we are certain are not a threat to our security, provided that they may not receive welfare or other types of transfer payments.
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bubblewater's Opinion
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03/07/2015
We should hire people based on their skill and our needs, not based on nationality
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BananaNeil's Opinion
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06/13/2015
This bill helps the human race continue to create great things. It encourages more people around the world to get higher education, and work hard for a better future. Silicone Valley wants to hire more engineers to continue the production of the internet, but there are simply not enough individuals capable of contributing. This bill helps helps that effort. We can build a better future together.
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Argument opposed

Passing the bill would create a tidal wave of visa applications from a few countries, delaying the approval process for everyone.

Lawrence's Opinion
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03/13/2015
Companies wanting to build a work force using foreign people is not in America's best interest. No country should have an advantage to place more people in our country for work purposes.
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John's Opinion
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03/12/2015
Many American workers are losing out to foreigners because of lower wages in all professional fields .
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Douglas's Opinion
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10/28/2015
If we can't produce our own smarts we deserve to waller in the mud. Get RID of those kinds of visas totally.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Immigration and Citizenship
    IntroducedJanuary 8th, 2015

What is House Bill H.R. 213?

This bill would change how visas are allocated to people from different countries. Specifically, it would eliminate the numerical limitation on issuing employment visas for people coming to the U.S. to work. It would also allow up to 15 percent of all the family visas issued to be for people from one country. The previous limit was 7 percent.

At least 10 percent of the employment visas given in 2016 go to people from countries that aren’t the two countries that received the most employment visas in 2012. The same 10 percent requirement would apply in 2017, except the comparison year would be 2015 rather than 2012. Basically, the bill would require that less than 90 percent of employment visas go to people from the same two countries.

The bill also sets limits on the number of transition and non-transition employment visas that can go to a single country. Specifically, no more than 25 percent of visas with transition periods could be issued to single country. For employment visas without transition periods, no more than 85 percent could be given to one country.

Additionally, the bill eliminates a provision in the Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992 that required a reduction in the number of visas issued to Chinese immigrants per year.

Impact

People trying to acquire employment visas; people trying to acquire family visas; Chinese immigrants.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 213

$0.00
A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In Depth: Sponsoring Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) explained in a press release that the bill would prevent discrimination against certain countries:

“This bill is an important step toward creating a more equitable and less arbitrary immigration system.  Our current practice of capping visas at an arbitrary 7% per country ultimately favors people from some countries while penalizing people from others. Those from countries with larger populations or close proximity to the United States ultimately wait years longer to receive a visa than those from small countries. While this bill does not fix all of our legal immigration problems, it addresses an important problem that has created a backlog of qualified workers.”

However, some disagree with eliminating the cap on employment visas per country. As Jessica Vaughan at the Center for Immigration Studies argues, the bill could favor immigrants from countries with large populations like India:

“Special interest groups are pushing to eliminate provisions in immigration law that now help prevent green card allocations from being monopolized by immigrants from just a few countries. If the proposed changes are approved this month by the U.S. Senate (the House already approved them), then for the foreseeable future nearly all 80,000 employment green cards allotted annually for professional workers and their families would go to applicants from India, and applicants from most of the rest of the world probably would be delayed for at least three years.”

Of Note: This bill has been introduced before. In 2011, Rep. Chaffetz introduced the bill and it passed the House before stalling in the Senate. He introduced the bill again in 2013, but it never received a vote in either chamber of Congress.

A large percentage of employment visas are already issued to a small number of countries. According to the U.S. Visa Office, in 2015, of the 134,188 employment visas issued, over 78,000 of those visas were issued to Asian countries, with most of those 78,000 visas going to China, India, and South Korea.

Media:

Summary by: Chris Conrad

(Photo Credit: Flickr user Mondayne

AKA

Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2015

Official Title

To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to eliminate the per-country numerical limitation for employment-based immigrants, to increase the per-country numerical limitation for family-sponsored immigrants, and for other purposes.

    We should allow all immigrants who are willing to work hard and who we are certain are not a threat to our security, provided that they may not receive welfare or other types of transfer payments.
    Like (8)
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    Companies wanting to build a work force using foreign people is not in America's best interest. No country should have an advantage to place more people in our country for work purposes.
    Like (10)
    Follow
    Share
    Many American workers are losing out to foreigners because of lower wages in all professional fields .
    Like (8)
    Follow
    Share
    We should hire people based on their skill and our needs, not based on nationality
    Like (6)
    Follow
    Share
    This bill helps the human race continue to create great things. It encourages more people around the world to get higher education, and work hard for a better future. Silicone Valley wants to hire more engineers to continue the production of the internet, but there are simply not enough individuals capable of contributing. This bill helps helps that effort. We can build a better future together.
    Like (4)
    Follow
    Share
    If we can't produce our own smarts we deserve to waller in the mud. Get RID of those kinds of visas totally.
    Like (3)
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    Actually, we should greatly prohibit any immigration until we have a handle on those who are already here and until we take care of the homeless people problem which exists today. We have been more that generous as it is. We must, also, mandate what President Roosevelt dictated - that they should speak English and take on our customs. What they practice in their own homes is their business. In public, it's a different matter.
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    No way! American's first!
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    Until every person in America has a job there should be no importing of laborers
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    We should reduce and educate here onshore, microsoft, and other big corps are a ready abusing this. Hiring all over the country Im ported help for less, laying off usa workers. If toy not in the software IT business, educate yourself . Talk to those in the business.
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    Eliminate the visas altogether, they are a scam. We have plenty of highly skilled workers here, companies just don't want to pay them...
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    No country should have an advantage to place more people in our country for work purposes.
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    We need Americans working NOT illegals and NOT foreigners.
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    We should not allow more people to take American jobs when there are plenty of able people already here. This is just a way for companies to get cheap labor and maximize their profits while contributing little to the community and economy.
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    The 7% per-country gap is arbitrary and creates an unfair wait time to countries with larger populations. People born in China and India must wait for 5-10 years for a green card just because of their nationality, during which time they must endure incredibly little career mobility. Changed employer? Start over again. Got a promotion? Start over again. Lost your job? You'll be kicked out of the country literally the day after. Those law-abiding, tax-paying people competed fairly with people from other countries for jobs in the US. They were held against the same bar by their employers and the IRS. However when it comes to employment-based legal immigration, they are punished because of the country they are born in — something they can't change. This is textbook discrimination and against the core values of this country of immigrants. The per-country cap must be abolished to provide equal opportunities for all employment-based immigrants and keep the brainpower in the US.
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    We need more qualified people not based on location
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    Should shut down all immigration until we increase screening and tracking who we let in
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    makes sence
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    Not only no.... HELL NO! We don't need any more people here!!! We can't even feed the ones we have. Grow up!
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    Per country cap should remain. Creates a fair market for foreign workers.
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