This bill would attempt to combat international organ trafficking by reforming trafficking law and giving both the State Department and the president the ability to revoke the passports or otherwise sanction known traffickers.
The State Department would be able to prevent a passport from being issued to a person convicted of trafficking in human organs that crossed international borders in committing that crime. It would also have the ability to revoke the passport of such an individual if one had already been issued.
The president would be able to sanction a U.S. citizen travelling overseas to traffic organs under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act if the citizen participates in activity related to human organ trafficking.
Additionally, Congress offers the following statements on the topic of international organ trafficking in the bill’s text:
- Kidnapping or coercing a person to extract their organs and sell them for profit is in direct opposition to the standards for ethical behavior upon which U.S. law is based;
- Harvesting organs from living children is a violation of human rights and breaches internationally accepted medical ethical standards;
- Illegal harvesting and trafficking of human organs violates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
- Creating efficient national organ donation systems that have safeguards to ensure organ donations are voluntary is the most effective way to combat organ trafficking.