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house Bill H.R. 1907

If TPP and Other Free Trade Agreements Pass, Does the U.S. Need a Plan for Enforcing the Rules?

Argument in favor

Trade agreements need strong enforcement provisions to keep other countries from breaking the rules of the deal. These will help protect American workers from unscrupulous competition.

Greg's Opinion
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05/15/2015
85% of the trade negotiators are CEOs and lobbyists. You bet your ass they can't be trusted.
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Scott's Opinion
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05/16/2015
There should be a unilateral rule allowing the U.S. to withdraw and impose sanctions on any countries products that fail to abide by such agreements.
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Emily's Opinion
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05/18/2015
The TPP should not be passed, but if it is this has to be passed as well.
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Argument opposed

Politicians should be more worried about how many jobs the U.S. is going to lose with these trade agreements than how they can keep other countries from finding clever ways to dodge the trade rules.

Jared's Opinion
···
05/16/2015
First, the TPP should not be passed; it is little more than a means of giving Big Ag the ability to force countries who are currently banning GMOs and the pesticides/herbicides to which they are connected the ability to sue them if those countries do not lift the bans and remove labeling requirements (they could sue on grounds that they suffered damages, and the court is a kangaroo court run by the corporations themselves). It also prevents US labeling laws because they would violate international trade agreements. THIS bill is designed to reinforce the provisions of the TPP and give those same corporations more leverage within our own borders. We will, essentially, be handing over all economic and trade law to major US corporations, and any oversight attempts would become subject to Constitutional review under Commerce.
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Richard's Opinion
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05/15/2015
These agreements give up way too much sovereignty and are extremely bad for US workers and should not be passed ever. Congress has a obligation to Americans first and foremost. Bad trade deals are just as bad as bad Iran deals.
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Pierce's Opinion
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05/15/2015
Free trade should be free trade. Nothing is worse in trade than government intervention.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Border Security, Facilitation, and Operations
      Committee on Financial Services
      Trade
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Committee on Homeland Security
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Committee on Ways and Means
    IntroducedApril 21st, 2015

What is House Bill H.R. 1907?

"If foreign actors choose to violate our trade laws, we must ensure they face serious consequences." — Co-sponsoring Rep. Charles Boustany (R-LA)

This bill — the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act — was designed to ensure that U.S. officials have the authority to enforce trade agreements with other countries.

It would establish guidelines for enforcing free trade agreements that address health and safety regulations, intellectual property rights, and not letting other countries get away with shirking antidumping and countervailing duty orders. (Antidumping laws prevent foreign competitors from flooding the market with underpriced goods. Countervailing duty orders are basically fees that cancel out an imported good that was subsidized by a foreign government.)

Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) would be directed to train their officers on how to enforce trade agreements. These agencies would send an annual strategic plan to Congress on trade facilitation and enforcement. When creating the plan, they would be able to ask advice from federal agencies, international organizations, and private sector organizations in developing the strategic plan.

Protocols would be created and taught to CPB personnel for detecting the infringement of intellectual property on cargo imported into the U.S.

There are also a number of miscellaneous provisions in this bill, like: An import broker who is found guilty of conspiring to or committing an act of terrorism would lose their license (among other things, we're sure). 

Also, a loophole allowing the U.S. to accept imports from other countries that were clearly created with forced or indentured labor would be closed. Basically, no more goods from other countries created with labor that doesn't meet human rights standards. 

The importance of the U.S.-Israel trade relationship would also be emphasized, and the U.S. would discourage foreign countries from boycotting, divesting, or sanctioning Israel. The President would be required to report instances of politically-motivated instances of these actions to Congress.

Impact

U.S. workers, their employers, all businesses and organizations importing goods into the U.S., CBP, ICE, DHS, other related federal agencies.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 1907

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-Depth: Other provisions of this bill include:

A Trade Remedy Law Enforcement Division would be created in the CBP’s to focus on preventing and investigating trade remedy evasion and coordinate with CBP and ICE on those issues. Trade remedies are laws used by the U.S. and its trading partners to lessen the negative impact of trade agreements on the U.S. labor force. This division would also enforce antidumping laws and countervailing duty orders.

It would provide federal agencies the ability to participate in the International Trade Data System (ITDS) that could be used in monitoring trade data and flows of cargo, in addition to authorizing the release of cargo based on a given agency’s verification.

Customs and Border Patrol would get a new task force known as the "Commercial Targeting Division" to come up with ways to analyze data related to Primary Trade Issues (PTIs). This would include an alert system to ensure safety when inspecting or transporting cargo, and preventing smuggling.


Media:


Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: "Line0534" by NOAA - California Publication of the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USA — via Wikimedia Commons)

AKA

Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015

Official Title

To reauthorize trade facilitation and trade enforcement functions and activities, and for other purposes.

    85% of the trade negotiators are CEOs and lobbyists. You bet your ass they can't be trusted.
    Like (8)
    Follow
    Share
    First, the TPP should not be passed; it is little more than a means of giving Big Ag the ability to force countries who are currently banning GMOs and the pesticides/herbicides to which they are connected the ability to sue them if those countries do not lift the bans and remove labeling requirements (they could sue on grounds that they suffered damages, and the court is a kangaroo court run by the corporations themselves). It also prevents US labeling laws because they would violate international trade agreements. THIS bill is designed to reinforce the provisions of the TPP and give those same corporations more leverage within our own borders. We will, essentially, be handing over all economic and trade law to major US corporations, and any oversight attempts would become subject to Constitutional review under Commerce.
    Like (23)
    Follow
    Share
    These agreements give up way too much sovereignty and are extremely bad for US workers and should not be passed ever. Congress has a obligation to Americans first and foremost. Bad trade deals are just as bad as bad Iran deals.
    Like (10)
    Follow
    Share
    There should be a unilateral rule allowing the U.S. to withdraw and impose sanctions on any countries products that fail to abide by such agreements.
    Like (7)
    Follow
    Share
    Free trade should be free trade. Nothing is worse in trade than government intervention.
    Like (7)
    Follow
    Share
    The TPP should not be passed, but if it is this has to be passed as well.
    Like (6)
    Follow
    Share
    This is just a ploy to create a world government that is the complete opposite of what this country was founded for.
    Like (4)
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    Focus should be on American jobs and the amount of jobs we can lose rather than focusing on other countries. Too many jobs get lose due to trade agreements.
    Like (3)
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    The Administration is too selective in deciding what laws they feel like obeying.
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    We'd be stupid to pass TPP in the first place!
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    Don't pass Free Trade Agreements! It is only free for the other guys not the US.
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    Just see the impact of the Clinton era trade agreements to see why this is a bad idea. Yeah it reduces costs to business in firm of cheaper labor but jobs are exported leaving our guys unemployed.
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    What kind of trade shouldn't be supervised?
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    this should not pass. We need to focus on jobs domestically
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    President Obama recently signed the Trade Adjustment Assistance bill into law. Based on your opinion on how technology and innovation will be affected by these trade agreements, what are your thoughts?
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    It should not pass at all we do not have a trade deal with China and have been doing it for decades
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    The rules are made if madd correctly to put all of us on an equal field.... Then we play the game
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    Stop this trade agreement. Haven't we lost enough USA jobs?
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    Yes if this agreement is passed. The agreement should not be passed.
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    We must have rules in place to regulate situations before the situations exist direly.
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