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house Bill H.R. 1837

Should the U.S. Provide an Additional $3.3 Billion in Economic & Security Assistance to Israel Each Year?

Argument in favor

The U.S.-Israeli relationship is pivotal to stability in the Middle East. As the region’s only legitimate democracy that respects human rights and religious freedom, Israel is an important ally to the U.S. in the region and deserves as much economic and military support from the U.S. as needed to ensure that Israel remains strong and able to defend itself.

GaryC's Opinion
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07/21/2019
Of course this funding should continue. In 2018, the US reportedly gave $4.3B to Iraq and $4.2B to Afghanistan. Maintaining a strategic advantage and ability to promote democracy over seas requires investment. https://www.concernusa.org/story/foreign-aid-by-country-getting-how-much/
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07/21/2019
Yes. They are the only democracy in the Middle East. They support us military and economically. Israel is in a strategic location as well. We can’t afford to lose Israel at any cost plus the people support us.
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SneakyPete's Opinion
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07/21/2019
House Bill H.R.1837 AKA USA-Israel Regional Enhancement Security Cooperation Act I recommend and support the passage of the House Bill H.R.1837 AKA United States-Israel Cooperation Enhancement and Regional Security Act — seeks to expand and deepen U.S.-Israel bilateral security and economic cooperation. In total, it would increase support for Israel by $3.3 billion a year through 2023 and add $1 billion in weapons over the next five years to the U.S. War Reserve Stockpile in Israel. This bill has two types of provisions: security and economic. The U.S.-Israeli relationship is pivotal to stability in the Middle East. As the region’s only legitimate democracy that respects human rights and religious freedom, Israel is an important ally to the U.S. in the region and deserves as much economic and military support from the U.S. as needed to ensure that Israel remains strong and able to defend itself. SneakyPete.......... 👍🏻👍🏻 HR-1837 👍🏻👍🏻. 7.21.19..........
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Argument opposed

U.S. aid to Israel is counterproductive to the peace process and inhibits the independent development of Israel’s economy and military. Rather than pouring millions of dollars into the Israeli economy and making Israeli companies dependent on U.S. aid, America should instead allow Israeli companies to develop organically so they can be internationally competitive.

Rebekah 's Opinion
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07/21/2019
NO. ALL Israelis get free healthcare, while Americans put up GoFundMe pages for insulin. The #1 reason Americans go bankrupt is over medical costs. End corporate and Israeli welfare and start providing for American families!
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Mckenzie's Opinion
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07/21/2019
Israel is an aggressor nation committing crimes against the Palestinian people. The U.S. should not be complicit in these crimes by providing "security" aid.
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Linda's Opinion
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07/21/2019
What happen to America First? With our debt increasing, we can no longer afford to be big brother helping other countries. If we need to buy an alliance, then we must have increased taxation. Repeal the tax cut and increase taxes on those who can afford the increase. End borrowing to fund tax cuts for the rich.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
    IntroducedMarch 21st, 2019

What is House Bill H.R. 1837?

This bill — the United States-Israel Cooperation Enhancement and Regional Security Act — seeks to expand and deepen U.S.-Israel bilateral security and economic cooperation. In total, it would increase support for Israel by $3.3 billion a year through 2023 and add $1 billion in weapons over the next five years to the U.S. War Reserve Stockpile in Israel. This bill has two types of provisions: security and economic. The key elements of both types of provisions are outlined below. 

In terms of security, this bill would:

  • Authorize increased security assistance to Israel, as called for in the 2016 U.S.-Israel Memorandum of Understanding on security assistance (MOU).  
  • Authorize the immediate transfer of military equipment to Israel upon a presidential determination that Israel is under an existing or imminent threat of military attack.
  • Authorize the transfer from reserve stocks of precision-guided munitions to Israel.
  • Authorize a $1 billion increase over five years for the U.S. War Reserve Stockpile in Israel. 

In terms of economic initiatives, this bill would: 

  • Authorize $55 million for cooperative programs with Israel over five years, including: $12 million for the U.S-Israel Energy Center; $21 million for agricultural cooperation, including food and nutrition; $10 million for cooperative projects between the U.S., Israel, and developing countries; $6 million for energy, water, homeland security, agriculture, and alternative fuel technologies; and $6 million for health technologies. 
  • Expand existing cooperation in cyber, directed energy, industrial research, space, desalination, post-traumatic stress, and food security. 
  • Encourage the creation of a coordinator for U.S.-Israel research and development. 
  • Extend loan guarantees to Israel through 2025.

Impact

U.S. assistance to and cooperation with Israel; the Middle East; Israel; and the U.S.-Israel relationship.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 1837

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Ted Deutch (D-FL) introduced this bill to increase security and economic cooperation between the U.S. and Israel. After a similar bill he sponsored in the 115th Congress, the United States-Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act of 2018 (H.R. 5141), passed the House, Rep. Deutch said

“Israel is under constant threat from every direction. A threat to Israel, our strategic ally in a turbulent region, is also a threat to our national security. Enhancing Israel’s security is a step toward strengthening our own national security. This bill will significantly enhance Israel's Qualitative Military Edge over its enemies and improve bilateral cooperation on cybersecurity and space issues. Passage of the bill sends a powerful message of bipartisan American support for Israel and our continued investment in its security."

Unlike the United States-Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act of 2018, which only contained security elements, this bill contains both security and economic cooperation provisions.

Stephen Zunes, an assistant professor in the Department of Politics at the University of San Francisco, contends that U.S. aid to Israel may be hindering the peace process

“Aid to Israel, particularly in recent years, has been justified as necessary to support the peace process. However, as noted authority on negotiations Roger Fisher has observed, one must apply both a carrot and a stick to convince a party to make the compromises necessary in diplomacy. Using either one alone denies the party you are trying to influence any incentive. Yet, the United States has used the carrot with Israel almost exclusively. With repeated public pronouncements by U.S. officials that aid to Israel is unconditional, Israel has no incentive to make the necessary concessions that could lead to ace, or even to end its human-rights abuses and violations of international law. As former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger once told a colleague, ‘I ask Rabin to make concessions, and he says he can't because Israel is weak. So I give him more arms, and he say he doesn't need to make concessions because Israel is strong.’ This stands in contrast to the frequent use of aid as leverage to Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and other Arab states, as well as the Palestinian authority…. Arguably, the large amounts of U.S. aid to the Israeli government have not been as beneficial to Israel as many would suspect. [M]ilitary aid… ends up costing Israel two to three times that amount in training, staffing and maintenance, procurement of spare parts, and other related expenditures. The overall impact is to increase Israeli economic and military dependency on the United States and to drain Israel's fragile economy, taking money away from Israel's once-generous social welfare system.”

This bill passed the House Foreign Affairs Committee by voice vote with the support of 273 bipartisan cosponsors, including 141 Republicans and 132 Democrats, in the current Congress. It also has the support of AIPAC and the Israeli-American Civic Action Network.


Of NoteAIPAC calls annual American security assistance to Israel “the most tangible manifestation” of U.S. support for the Jewish state. It notes that Israel is fighting against Iranian encroachment on its northern border with Lebanon and Syria, in addition to threats from Syria, Iran, and terror groups Hezbollah & Hamas. AIPAC calls Israel the United States’ “one stable democratic ally” that it can rely on in an “increasingly uncertain Middle East.”

In September 2016, the U.S. and Israel signed a memorandum of understanding granting Israel $3.8 billion annually from 2018-2028.


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / ChiccoDodiFC)

AKA

United States-Israel Cooperation Enhancement and Regional Security Act

Official Title

United States-Israel Cooperation Enhancement and Regional Security Act, as amended

    Of course this funding should continue. In 2018, the US reportedly gave $4.3B to Iraq and $4.2B to Afghanistan. Maintaining a strategic advantage and ability to promote democracy over seas requires investment. https://www.concernusa.org/story/foreign-aid-by-country-getting-how-much/
    Like (34)
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    NO. ALL Israelis get free healthcare, while Americans put up GoFundMe pages for insulin. The #1 reason Americans go bankrupt is over medical costs. End corporate and Israeli welfare and start providing for American families!
    Like (152)
    Follow
    Share
    Israel is an aggressor nation committing crimes against the Palestinian people. The U.S. should not be complicit in these crimes by providing "security" aid.
    Like (87)
    Follow
    Share
    What happen to America First? With our debt increasing, we can no longer afford to be big brother helping other countries. If we need to buy an alliance, then we must have increased taxation. Repeal the tax cut and increase taxes on those who can afford the increase. End borrowing to fund tax cuts for the rich.
    Like (74)
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    We already give them billions in aid. Why can’t they stand on their own without welfare?
    Like (48)
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    Absolutely not. They are getting enough billions of dollars already. Want to protect Israel? Stop arming Israel’s enemies with our finest weaponry. There are many things that we could do in cooperation with Israel, but I doubt they would trust our abilities to keep intelligence secretive with the Residents half witted children.
    Like (44)
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    Israel is a bad actor. Their treatment of Palestinian people should be sanctioned.
    Like (43)
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    BETTER IDEA! We could have universal healthcare. SPEND OUR MONEY ON HELPING PEOPLE HERE!! Unless we take this directly out of our own bloated military budget, no f’ing way.
    Like (36)
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    Israel has much greater military strength than both Palestine and Hamas put together. Beyond that, they abuse their power, murder and imprison innocent children, and enact apartheid, genocidal, policies to oppress Palestinians. Zionism is dangerous. We do not need to send them more money.
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    We’re $22 BiLLION in debt! We shouldn’t be giving billions to any other country period!!
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    I have trouble answering this question given what I know and what I am reading in the preamble. I can only rely on principals of import. First, it is important to look out for American financial, humanitarian and geo-political interests and Israel as a country seems most closely aligned with our way of governing than other countries in the region- and has been a valued, supportive ally. So our aid to Israel is warranted. In order to assure stability and maintain an actually objective view that takes into account the needs and humanitarian interests of others, it is in our interest to provide aid to others as well. I think it important that we are and are viewed as an objective partner in trying to stabilize the region with a negotiated "win-win" long term strategy. We should not and can not enforce our will on others unless they are acting in ways to knowingly do us harm. OK. Aid is warranted. How much aid is enough, too much or too little- I really have no way of knowing. I encourage a long term strategy that adopts a "principal" based approach and see what numbers best address those strategic goals. For me, this is not a Yes/No question- since I am not knowledgeable enough to assess the ‘numbers’.
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    No. No more money to Israel. Stop funding and fighting other people’s wars.
    Like (18)
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    No.
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    The right wing government of Israel is committing human rights violations against Palestinians. Additionally, until we have healthcare for all in our own country I see no reason to subsidize a financially secure country.
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    We need that $$ here at home.
    Like (15)
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    We don’t have enough money to provide healthcare for our 911 first responders. Just ask the Senator from Kentucky. We can’t get our wildly expanding deficit spending under control and yet you want to give Israel even more money than we already do though their policies for their own nation and peace in the Middle East are questionable by many. No I don’t support this. They shouldn’t get one more cent.
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    Israel doesn’t need US support anymore. Israel is an economic and military powerhouse in the region and in the world so no more financial or military support for Israel.
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    No. I don’t support this. $3.3 billion dollars would be better spent on the American education system.
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    While Israel is our ally, we need that money at home and they have a huge military budget they could cut from to use. Their military is nearly as big and wasteful as ours.
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    I vote no. Make the government of Israel earn it. Make it contingent on securing a true settlement with the Palestinians that offers security and peace for both peoples, this will provide Israel with the safest environment and reduce Middle-East tensions.
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