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house Bill H.R. 1808

Improving Support for Missing and Exploited Children Act of 2017

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
  • The house Passed May 23rd, 2017
    Passed by Voice Vote
      house Committees
      Committee on Education and Labor
    IntroducedMarch 30th, 2017

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Bill Details

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Title

Improving Support for Missing and Exploited Children Act of 2017

Official Title

To amend and improve the Missing Children's Assistance Act, and for other purposes.

Summary

(This measure has not been amended since it was reported to the House on May 4, 2017. The summary of that version is repeated here.) Improving Support for Missing and Exploited Children Act of 2017 (Sec. 2) This bill amends the Missing Children's Assistance Act to revise the findings to, among other things, specify that the growing numbers of children who are victims of child sexual exploitation include victims of child sex trafficking and sextortion. (Sec. 3) The bill revises the definition of "missing child" to mean an individual under 18 years of age whose whereabouts are unknown to the individual's parent (currently, legal custodian). It specifies that a parent includes a legal guardian or an individual who functions as a parent (e.g., a grandparent). (Sec. 4) It revises existing functions and duties of the National Center on Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) and adds new requirements for the NCMEC, including to: provide training and technical assistance to help families, law enforcement agencies, and other entities respond to missing foster children and identify, locate, and recover child sex trafficking victims; provide forensic and direct on-site technical assistance, including facial reconstruction of skeletal remains, to help families, law enforcement agencies, and other entities identify deceased children; provide training, technical assistance, and information to help law enforcement agencies and nongovernmental organizations identify and locate non-compliant sex offenders; and develop and disseminate programs and information on sexting and sextortion to families, law enforcement agencies, and other entities. (Sec. 6) The NCMEC must make publicly available the annual report on missing children and the incidence of attempted child abductions.
    Full text of the bill from Congress.gov: H. R. 1808 [Report No. 115–110] To amend and improve the Missing Children’s Assistance Act, and for other purposes. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES March 30, 2017 Mr. Guthrie (for himself and Mr. Courtney) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce May 4, 2017 Additional sponsors: Mr. Roe of Tennessee, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Walberg, Ms. Foxx, Mr. Ferguson, Mr. Wilson of South Carolina, Mr. Takano, Ms. Wilson of Florida, Ms. Bonamici, Ms. Adams, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Sablan, Mr. Espaillat, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Mr. Polis, Mr. DeSaulnier, Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Rokita May 4, 2017 Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic] [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on March 30, 2017] A BILL To amend and improve the Missing Children’s Assistance Act, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Improving Support for Missing and Exploited Children Act of 2017”. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Section 402 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5771) is amended— (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows: “(1) each year tens of thousands of children run away, or are abducted or removed, from the control of a parent having legal custody without such parent's consent, under circumstances which immediately place the child in grave danger;”, (2) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5), (3) in paragraph (6) by inserting “, including child sex trafficking and sextortion” after “exploitation”, (4) in paragraph (8) by adding “and” at the end, (5) by striking paragraph (9), (6) by amending paragraph (10) to read as follows: “(10) a key component of such programs is the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children that— “(A) serves as a nonprofit, national resource center and clearinghouse to provide assistance to victims, families, child-serving professionals, and the general public; “(B) works with the Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the United States Marshals Service, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of State, the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the United States Secret Service, the United States Postal Inspection Service, other agencies, and nongovernmental organizations in the effort to find missing children and to prevent child victimization; and “(C) coordinates with each of the missing children clearinghouses operated by the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and international organizations to transmit images and information regarding missing and exploited children to law enforcement, nongovernmental organizations, and corporate partners across the United States and around the world instantly.”, and (7) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and (10) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7), respectively. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. Section 403 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5772) is amended— (1) in paragraph (1)— (A) by striking “legal custodian” each place it appears and inserting “parent”, (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking “custodian’s” and inserting “parent’s”, and (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking the period and the end and inserting a semicolon, (2) in paragraph (2) by striking “and” at the end, (3) in paragraph (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”, and (4) by adding at the end the following: “(4) the term ‘parent’ includes a legal guardian or other individual standing in loco parentis (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or an individual who is legally responsible for the child’s welfare).”. SEC. 4. DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATOR. Section 404 of the Missing Children’s Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5773) is amended— (1) in subsection (a)— (A) in paragraph (3) by striking “telephone line” and inserting “hotline”, and (B) in paragraph (6)(E)— (i) by striking “telephone line” and inserting “hotline”, (ii) by striking “(b)(1)(A) and” and inserting “(b)(1)(A),”, and (iii) by inserting “, and the number and types of reports to the tipline established under subsection (b)(1)(K)(i)” before the semicolon at the end, (2) in subsection (b)(1)— (A) in subparagraph (A)— (i) by striking “telephone line” each place it appears and inserting “hotline”, and (ii) by striking “legal custodian” and inserting “parent”, (B) in subparagraph (C)— (i) in clause (i)— (I) by striking “restaurant” and inserting “food”, and (II) by striking “and” at the end, (ii) in clause (ii) by adding “and” at the end, and (iii) by adding at the end the following: “(iii) innovative and model programs, services, and legislation that benefit missing and exploited children;”, (C) by striking subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G), (D) by amending subparagraph (H) to read as follows: “(H) provide technical assistance and training to families, law enforcement agencies, State and local governments, elements of the criminal justice system, nongovernmental agencies, local educational agencies, and the general public— “(i) in the prevention, investigation, prosecution, and treatment of cases involving missing and exploited children; “(ii) to respond to foster children missing from the State child welfare system in coordination with child welfare agencies and courts handling juvenile justice and dependency matters; and “(iii) in the identification, location, and recovery of victims of, and children at risk for, child sex trafficking;”, (E) by amending subparagraphs (I), (J), and (K) to read as follows: “(I) provide assistance to families, law enforcement agencies, State and local governments, nongovernmental agencies, child-serving professionals, and other individuals involved in the location and recovery of missing and abducted children, both nationally, and in cooperation with the Department of State, internationally; “(J) provide support and technical assistance to child-serving professionals involved in helping to recover missing and exploited children by searching public records databases to help in the identification, location, and recovery of such children, and help in the location and identification of potential abductors and offenders; “(K) provide forensic and direct on-site technical assistance and consultation to families, law enforcement agencies, child-serving professionals, and nongovernmental organizations in child abduction and exploitation cases, including facial reconstruction of skeletal remains and similar techniques to assist in the identification of unidentified deceased children;”. (F) by striking subparagraphs (L) and (M), (G) by amending subparagraph (N) to read as follows: “(N) provide training, technical assistance, and information to nongovernmental organizations relating to non-compliant sex offenders and to law enforcement agencies in identifying and locating such individuals;”, (H) by striking subparagraph (P), (I) by amending subparagraph (Q) to read as follows: “(Q) work with families, law enforcement agencies, electronic service providers, electronic payment service providers, technology companies, nongovernmental organizations, and others on methods to reduce the existence and distribution of online images and videos of sexually exploited children— “(i) by operating a tipline to provide to individuals and electronic service providers an effective means of reporting Internet-related and other instances of child sexual exploitation in the areas of— “(I) possession, manufacture, and distribution of child pornography; “(II) online enticement of children for sexual acts; “(III) child sex trafficking; “(IV) sex tourism involving children; “(V) extra familial child sexual molestation; “(VI) unsolicited obscene material sent to a child; “(VII) misleading domain names; and “(VIII) misleading words or digital images on the Internet; and subsequently to make such reports available to the appropriate law enforcement agency for its review and potential investigation; “(ii) by operating a child victim identification program to assist law enforcement agencies in identifying victims of child pornography and other sexual crimes to support the recovery of children from sexually exploitative situations; and “(iii) by utilizing emerging technologies to provide additional outreach and educational materials to parents and families;”, (J) by striking subparagraph (R), (K) by amending subparagraphs (S) and (T) to read as follows: “(S) develop and disseminate programs and information to families, child-serving professionals, law enforcement agencies, State and local governments, nongovernmental organizations, schools, local educational agencies, child-serving organizations, and the general public on— “(i) the prevention of child abduction and sexual exploitation; “(ii) Internet safety, including tips for social media and cyberbullying; and “(iii) sexting and sextortion; and “(T) provide technical assistance and training to local educational agencies, schools, State and local law enforcement agencies, individuals, and other nongovernmental organizations that assist with finding missing and abducted children in identifying and recovering such children.”, and (L) by redesignating subparagraphs (H), (I), (J), (K), (N), (O), (Q), (S), (T), (U), and (V) as subparagraphs (E) through (O), respectively. SEC. 5. GRANTS. Section 405 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5775) is amended— (1) in subsection (a)— (A) in paragraph (7) by striking “(as defined in section 403(1)(A))”, and (B) in paragraph (8)— (i) by striking “legal custodians” and inserting “parents”, and (ii) by striking “custodians’” and inserting “parents’”, and (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A) by striking “legal custodians” and inserting “parents”. SEC. 6. REPORTING. The Missing Children’s Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5771 et seq.) is amended— (1) by redesignating sections 407 and 408 as section 408 and 409, respectively, and (2) by inserting after section 406 the following: “SEC. 407. REPORTING. “(a) Required Reporting.—As a condition of receiving funds under section 404(b), the grant recipient shall, based solely on reports received by the grantee and not involving any data collection by the grantee other than those reports, annually provide to the Administrator and make available to the general public, as appropriate— “(1) the number of children nationwide who are reported to the grantee as missing; “(2) the number of children nationwide who are reported to the grantee as victims of non-family abductions; “(3) the number of children nationwide who are reported to the grantee as victims of family abductions; and “(4) the number of missing children recovered nationwide whose recovery was reported to the grantee. “(b) Incidence Of Attempted Child Abductions.—As a condition of receiving funds under section 404(b), the grant recipient shall— “(1) track the incidence of attempted child abductions in order to identify links and patterns; “(2) provide such information to law enforcement agencies; and “(3) make such information available to the general public, as appropriate.”.
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    Need more information to make a decision.
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    This better explains the changes implied by the previous bill, but should leave in the term legal custodian.
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    This bill appears to tighten the phrasing and gives parents and legal guardians equal rights. We see no reason to vote nay.
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