- Not enactedThe President has not signed this bill
- The senate has not voted
- The house has not voted
House Committee on the JudiciaryImmigration and Border SecurityHouse Committee on Ways and MeansSocial SecurityHouse Committee on the BudgetIntroducedMarch 21st, 2013
- house Committees
What is it?
Among its many provisions, the bill:
-would repeal the current, one-year time limit for filing an asylum claim while at the same time establishing a protocol for reopening claims that were denied because they weren't filed within a year;
-exempts children from "reinstatement of removal," a process that allows immigration judges to order the removal of anyone who has illegally reentered the United States after having been previously ordered removed;
-permits minors in the care of a refugee approved for resettlement to the United States to be resettled with that refugee, if it is found to be in the best interest of the child;
-authorizes (but does not mandate) the Attorney General to appoint counsel to represent an alien in a removal proceeding;
-permits asylum officers to grant actually grant asylum, as opposed to referring asylum-seekers to immigration courts;
grants conditional lawful status for "stateless persons," those individuals who lost nationality when their country ceased to exist or have had their nationality taken from them discriminatorily for reasons attached to gender, religious affiliation, or ethnicity;
-offers refugees denied resettlement access to both legal representation and a more detailed, written explanation of why their application for admittance to the U.S. was denied;
-authorizes the President to designate refugee groups;
-authorizes the spouse or child of a refugee or asylee to bring his or her accompanying or following child into the United States as a refugee or asylee;
-directs the Secretary of State to notify Congress regarding the amount of funds that will be provided in Reception and Placement Grants in the coming fiscal year;
-extends eligibility for supplemental security income (SSI) assistance to certain aliens (including asylees and refugees) and trafficking victims;
-makes a number of changes to detention for arriving asylum seekers, including making dentition discretionary, as opposed to mandatory, establishing alternatives to detention that would minimizes dentition times, improve detention conditions, and giving needed information to asylum seekers within 48 hours of their arrival;
-authorizes the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom to conduct a study to determine whether certain immigration officers are properly handling asylum and removal/detention authority with regard to aliens apprehended after entering the United States.
-gives refugee-status translators working for the U.S. in Iraq and Afghanistan credit for being in the United States while being employed as translators;
-permits applicants for refugee admission to simultaneously pursue other forms of admission.
-states that if the President does not set the number of refugees allowed to enter the U.S. before the beginning of a fiscal year, the number of refugees that may be admitted in each quarter shall be 25% of the number of refugees admissible during the previous fiscal year, and;
-directs the Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Refugee and Asylee Resettlement (HHS) to: (1) report to Congress regarding states experiencing departures and arrivals due to secondary migration; and (2) expand the Office's data analysis, collection, and sharing activities to include data on mental and physical medical cases, housing needs, and refugee employment.