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house Bill H.R. 1044

Should Per-Country Immigration Limits Be Lifted?

Argument in favor

The current immigration system of “per country limits,” in which citizens from a given country can’t receive more than 7% of all visas issues in a given year, significantly disadvantages workers from populous countries such as China and India.

Yogesh's Opinion
···
02/22/2019
This bill will give some hope to people who are waiting since decades due to GC backlog. a) It is discriminatory to allocate GC to one person in 6 month to 1 year and others not even in decades. b) It is highly unfair for high skilled immigrant. c) It will also help to reduce some of the malpractices in industry as employers will no longer to misuse long waiting GC candidate d) Other side it will help increase American employment as person who stayed here for many year definitely will invest in business that will generate more employment for Americans. e) Many company are either moving their project base to other country or moving jobs to offshore as they are not able to get high skilled or qualified candidates this bill help to keep those jobs local and it will eventually help American to get hired as company base remain in US. f) there will be overall increase in tax collection: currently many spouses are unable to contribute to American economy due to uncertainty related to GC backlog, these spouses will be able to contribute to American economy and increase tax collection. g) Increase Safety for American: Allocating GC for person who is lawfully staying in US for many years will increase safety vs allocating GC to person who is in the country only for 6 months to 1 year. Finally it all depends on the perspective how you take it.
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Tabs's Opinion
···
02/21/2019
It s very disheartening to see the number of years of wait to finally be able to get the residency in a country where we are spending our very crucial years of life. Just because of the fact that someone is from India shouldn't deter them from getting their green cards and keep waiting until not sure when. The per country limit needs to be removed and equal chances are to be given to all skilled workers, then only the nation would become even more successful.
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TheAudDoc's Opinion
···
02/09/2019
This is an important step towards fairness to those foreign nationals already present in the US and working on an H1-B. The green card backlogs are a nightmare and the USCIS freezes are not helping either. My EB-1 application is in a limbo because of an apparent freeze on new I-485 applications until October2019. Dr. Deshpande
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Argument opposed

Per-country caps are a reasonable way of ensuring immigrants from around the world have a chance to come to America. Ending the per-country cap could open the door for immigration to skew towards more populous countries.

Jennifer suet's Opinion
···
02/11/2019
This bill does not solve the backlogs in a fair way. Currently, each country has an equal percentage share of the annual immigrant visas for employment-based petitions. Foreign nationals from India and China are facing backlogs for their green cards because they oversubscribed their annual quotas. By eliminating the per-country quota system, Indian and Chinese nationals will simply use up the annual allotment of immigrant visas currently allocated to other foreign nationals. It will unfairly penalize nationals from countries other than India and China who will no longer find an immigrant visa immediately available despite their approved petitions. The majority of immigration lawyers oppose this bill out of a sense of fairness; those with predominantly Indian and Chinese clients acknowledge the conflict. I have a mixed client base and my motto has always to provide first-rate service to each applicant regardless of which country he or she comes from (I don't deliberately cater to foreign nationals from countries with higher immigration rates to the US). The bill sponsor, Rep. Lofgren, comes from a district where her constituents include a high number of Indian and Chinese visa applicants in the high tech field.
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Saman's Opinion
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02/21/2019
It destroys the diversity in the tech industry.
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Hristo's Opinion
···
02/21/2019
This bill will not solve the backlog, as it advertises. Instead, it would transfer the burden of India to every other country in the world. Right now the system works for all countries, except India. It would be unfair to punish all countries, so that India can get even more green cards and dominate the GC program, the same way it unfairly dominates the H1b program.
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bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
  • The house Passed July 10th, 2019
    Roll Call Vote 365 Yea / 65 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Immigration and Citizenship
    IntroducedFebruary 7th, 2019

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    This bill will give some hope to people who are waiting since decades due to GC backlog. a) It is discriminatory to allocate GC to one person in 6 month to 1 year and others not even in decades. b) It is highly unfair for high skilled immigrant. c) It will also help to reduce some of the malpractices in industry as employers will no longer to misuse long waiting GC candidate d) Other side it will help increase American employment as person who stayed here for many year definitely will invest in business that will generate more employment for Americans. e) Many company are either moving their project base to other country or moving jobs to offshore as they are not able to get high skilled or qualified candidates this bill help to keep those jobs local and it will eventually help American to get hired as company base remain in US. f) there will be overall increase in tax collection: currently many spouses are unable to contribute to American economy due to uncertainty related to GC backlog, these spouses will be able to contribute to American economy and increase tax collection. g) Increase Safety for American: Allocating GC for person who is lawfully staying in US for many years will increase safety vs allocating GC to person who is in the country only for 6 months to 1 year. Finally it all depends on the perspective how you take it.
    Like (209)
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    This bill does not solve the backlogs in a fair way. Currently, each country has an equal percentage share of the annual immigrant visas for employment-based petitions. Foreign nationals from India and China are facing backlogs for their green cards because they oversubscribed their annual quotas. By eliminating the per-country quota system, Indian and Chinese nationals will simply use up the annual allotment of immigrant visas currently allocated to other foreign nationals. It will unfairly penalize nationals from countries other than India and China who will no longer find an immigrant visa immediately available despite their approved petitions. The majority of immigration lawyers oppose this bill out of a sense of fairness; those with predominantly Indian and Chinese clients acknowledge the conflict. I have a mixed client base and my motto has always to provide first-rate service to each applicant regardless of which country he or she comes from (I don't deliberately cater to foreign nationals from countries with higher immigration rates to the US). The bill sponsor, Rep. Lofgren, comes from a district where her constituents include a high number of Indian and Chinese visa applicants in the high tech field.
    Like (170)
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    It s very disheartening to see the number of years of wait to finally be able to get the residency in a country where we are spending our very crucial years of life. Just because of the fact that someone is from India shouldn't deter them from getting their green cards and keep waiting until not sure when. The per country limit needs to be removed and equal chances are to be given to all skilled workers, then only the nation would become even more successful.
    Like (143)
    Follow
    Share
    This is an important step towards fairness to those foreign nationals already present in the US and working on an H1-B. The green card backlogs are a nightmare and the USCIS freezes are not helping either. My EB-1 application is in a limbo because of an apparent freeze on new I-485 applications until October2019. Dr. Deshpande
    Like (125)
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    It destroys the diversity in the tech industry.
    Like (115)
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    This bill will not solve the backlog, as it advertises. Instead, it would transfer the burden of India to every other country in the world. Right now the system works for all countries, except India. It would be unfair to punish all countries, so that India can get even more green cards and dominate the GC program, the same way it unfairly dominates the H1b program.
    Like (97)
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    Countries don't immigrate, individuals do! Many of the arguments against this bill are based on the premise that "India has been sufficiently catered to" and so that somehow makes it ok for doctors, engineers, scientists, etc. from India, who legally applied for a green card, to wait decades while anybody who just happened to be born in a less populous country walks straight in with no queue. Imagine Disney introduced a "fair" system of queuing for rides in their parks by race - to ensure all races get the same number of rides. So blacks, hispanics, and asians could just walk up to their ride and take a seat while the whites wait for say 6 hours to get into one ride. This bill ends a practice that is no less shocking than the hypothetical one at Disney and takes us to a first come first serve system that is so common and second-nature in all other walks of life, that it is almost unthinkable to have it any other way. Why should legal immigration for an individual (NOT a country) be any different?
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    This bill will give fairness to the people and their kids who are living in this country legally for decades.
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    Let’s see what will happen when this bill gets approved. At first, for more than 10 years, nobody else would be able apply for green card until all the Indians who are in GC backlog queue get their GC and the backlog gets cleared. But what will happen after these 10 years? With this proposed bill, 10 years later, people from other countries would be finally able to process their GC application. However, this is the best scenario and it would definitely not happen. Why? The new people from India, despite the fact that they know that without this bill it may take them from 10 to 150 years to get GC, are already taking 75% of H1-b visa issued each year and a high percentage are using UNETHICAL methods (racism, corruption and fake documentation) but NOT illegal ways. So during the backlog decade and after that, more than 75% of GCs would still go to Indians and the rest of the world will get only 25%. Hence, more people from India will be competing with other countries for GCs even after the 10 year period has passed. So people from India will MONOPOLIZE the GCs and that is the sole reason the “per country cap” was trying to prevent. You might think that this is good and 25% is worth fighting for, but it does not end at that: The Indian people who were coming to the USA with H1-b visa and willing to wait for 10-150 years, now, with this bill, have to wait only 10 years, while the rest of the 190 countries in the world, who typically have to wait 2-3 years to get the green card, will now have to wait at least 10 years. Eventually, this bill will encourage more people from India to come and help them to abuse more H1-b. In contrast, it will discourage people from other countries to come to the USA. Now, the 25% will even go lower to maybe 10-15%. It is bad, isn't it? But still, the story doesn’t end here. This bill is only for EB categories. So, after 10 years, the cleared backlog people will want to apply for GC for their family and relatives. Then there will be a backlog in family GC application for Indians. Given that they already have the power, money, and number to take this bill to the House, don’t you think in the next 10 years the new Indian Green Card holders would not take a new bill to remove the country cap for family Green Card application? Indians at the worst case have been getting at least 18% of total green cards (the fiscal year of 2017 compared to 35% of 2014) which is totally fair considering their population (which is 17% of the world population). So the intent of this bill is not about FAIRNESS for high skilled immigrants, it is more about the Greed of only and only one nation. Also, I used racism word, because I do believe that not giving an equal chance to all the people, despite of their ethnicity, religion, etc, is a form of racism. This racism can be as simple as preferring to hire a person from your home country based solely on the fact that they are from your home country and not based on their real qualifications. This is how Indians have come to monopolize job opportunities in large companies such as Microsoft in which Indian employee comprised 15% in 2005 and by 2018 the percentage has risen to 46%. This has been happening in other major IT companies as well, like Amazon, and it is even worse in Google. By the way, aren’t these companies are the main supporter of this bill. As an immigrant, we need to respect of the values of the country that we immigrated to and not to bring the corruption and racism from our countries to our new home.
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    HR1044 supports mainly a single nationality while discriminates against all other nationalities (rest of the world). It is not merit -based since It doesn't make the condition better for people who got advanced degrees (MSc or PhD) from high quality US universities, but gives equal chance to hundreds of thousands of people with BSc or even 2 year college education from a specific country to compete with someone who has a PhD from US. Also it doesn't solve the backlog problem but it creates backlog for everybody.
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    Common sense bill. EB GCs should be merit based not country based.
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    Its unfair to wait for so long to obtain GC for someone, who is committed to law, pays taxes and contributes to The American economy in all possible ways.
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    Because of the backlog, if this law passes only Indians will take GCs for 12 years. They need to add a maximum per nation clause
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    Best common sense bill, which gives fair treatment in allocation of green cards. There will be no preferrential treatment of anyone with this bill. Whats wrong with " first come first serve"? Only people opposed on this are cheap staffing bodyshops and racists.
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    This bill does not solve backlogs problem but puts it on the other nations, and destroys the diversity of the country. I am just surprised how come such a naive bill gets this much attention and support! This bill not only is not fair but shows how selfish the Indians are for making the people of other nations and many American workers suffer in their own favor. Do you want to be fair? just put a similar country cap on H1B visa. Abusing H1B visa by this particular group shows that "the cap" is not the problem but it is the solution.
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    Why should a country of 1 million people get the same number as a country as 1 billion? Let the free market bring people to our country who want to be here - we are the "melting pot" and their new ideas, drive to strike a new path in a new country, and desire for the American Dream will make our country strong. The 7% cap is not founded in capitalism, free market, or the ideals of this country - it is founded in racism/nationalism (inherently - defining people by their country rather than their skills).
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    This will monopolize the industry and academic for specific countries!
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    This is skill based immigration so there should not be country quota. This will remove the large backlog for country with high population and will make a level playing field for all countries.
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    The bill is about fairness which every high skill immigrant should be entitled to irrespective of his/her country of birth. If you can do the same job, do not differentiate by country of birth. This will not take away any aspects of diversity as no additional GC's are being allocated. This bill will help remove the backlog, stabilize it in few years and make it a better process for all countries. This will help achieve dreams of several entrepreneurs, doctors whose potential cannot be unleashed because of being stuck in the GC backlogs forever.
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    Justice, equality, freedom, liberty... You are the right people to do the right thing at the right time which is now, vote yes and please do the right thing. You know in your heart it is the right thing to do, let justice prevail.
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